Today in History: October 21

Today in History: October 21

Pick a day:

October 20 October 22

1096

Seljuk Turks at Chivitot slaughter thousands of German crusaders.

1529

The Pope names Henry VIII of England Defender of the Faith after defending the seven sacraments against Luther.

1600

Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats his enemies in battle and affirms his position as Japan's most powerful warlord.

1790

The Tricolor is chosen as the official flag of France.

1805

Vice Admiral and Viscount Horatio Nelson wins his greatest victory over a Franco-Spanish fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar, fought off Cape Trafalgar, Spain. Nelson is fatally wounded in the battle, but lives long enough to see victory.

1837

Under a flag of truce during peace talks, U.S. troops siege the Indian Seminole Chief Osceola in Florida.

1861

The Battle of Ball's Bluff, Va. begins, a disastrous Union defeat which sparks Congressional investigations.

1867

Many leaders of the Kiowa, Comanche and Kiowa-Apache sign a peace treaty at Medicine Lodge, Kan. Comanche Chief Quanah Parker refused to accept the treaty terms.

1872

The U.S. Naval Academy admits John H. Conyers, the first African American to be accepted.

1879

After 14 months of testing, Thomas Edison first demonstrates his electric lamp, hoping to one day compete with gaslight.

1904

Panamanians clash with U.S. Marines in Panama in a brief uprising.

1917

The first U.S. troops enter the front lines at Sommerviller under French command.

1939

As war heats up with Germany, the British war cabinet holds its first meeting in the underground war room in London.

1940

Ernest Hemingway's novel For Whom the Bell Tolls is published.

1942

Eight American and British officers land from a submarine on an Algerian beach to take measure of Vichy French to the Operation Torch landings.

1950

North Korean Premier Kim Il-Sung establishes a new capital at Sinuiju on the Yalu River opposite the Chinese City of Antung.

1959

The Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens in Manhattan.

1961

Bob Dylan records his first album in a single day at a cost of $400.

1967

The "March on the Pentagon," protesting American involvement in Vietnam , draws 50,000 protesters.

1969

Israel's Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan resigns over disagreements with Prime Minister Menachem Begin over policies related to the Palestinians.

1983

The United States sends a ten-ship task force to Grenada.

1994

North Korea and the US sign an agreement requiring North Korea to halts its nuclear weapons program and agree to international inspections.