Today in History: October 17

Today in History: October 17

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October 16 October 18

1244

The Sixth Crusade ends when an Egyptian-Khwarismian force almost annihilates the Frankish army at Gaza.

1346

English forces defeat the Scots under David II during the Battle of Neville's Cross, Scotland.

1529

Henry VIII of England strips Thomas Wolsey of his office for failing to secure an annulment of his marriage.

1691

Maine and Plymouth are incorporated in Massachusetts.

1777

British Maj. Gen. John Burgoyne surrenders 5,000 men at Saratoga, N.Y.

1815

Napoleon Bonaparte arrives at the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic, where he has been banished by the Allies.

1849

Composer and pianist Frederic Chopin dies in Paris of tuberculosis at the age of 39.

1863

General Ulysses S. Grant is named overall Union Commander of the West.

1877

Brigadier General Alfred Terry meets with Sitting Bull in Canada to discuss the Indians' return to the United States.

1913

Zeppelin LII explodes over London, killing 28.

1933

Due to rising anti-Semitism and anti-intellectualism in Hitler's Germany, Albert Einstein immigrates to the United States. He makes his new home in Princeton, N.J.

1941

The U.S. destroyer Kearney is damaged by a German U-boat torpedo off Iceland; 11 Americans are killed.

1956

The nuclear power station Calder Hall is opened in Britain. Calder Hall is the first nuclear station to feed an appreciable amount of power into a civilian network.

1972

Peace talks between Pathet Lao and Royal Lao government begin in Vietnam.

1989

The worst earthquake in 82 years strikes San Francisco bay area minutes before the start of a World Series game there. The earthquake registers 6.9 on the Richter scale--67 are killed and damage is estimated at $10 billion.

1994

Dmitry Kholodov, a Russian journalist, assassinated while investigating corruption in the armed forces; his murkier began a series of killings of journalists in Russia.

2001

Rehavam Ze'evi, Israeli tourism minister and founder of the right-wing Moledet party, assassinated by a member of the Popular Front of the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP); he was the first Israeli minister ever assassinated.

2003

Taipei 101 is completed in Taipei, becoming the world's tallest high-rise.