Today in History: October 17

Today in History:October 17

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October 16 October 18


The Sixth Crusade ends when an Egyptian-Khwarismian force almost annihilates the Frankish army at Gaza.


English forces defeat the Scots under David II during the Battle of Neville's Cross, Scotland.


Henry VIII of England strips Thomas Wolsey of his office for failing to secure an annulment of his marriage.


Maine and Plymouth are incorporated in Massachusetts.


British Maj. Gen. John Burgoyne surrenders 5,000 men at Saratoga, N.Y.


Napoleon Bonaparte arrives at the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic, where he has been banished by the Allies.


Composer and pianist Frederic Chopin dies in Paris of tuberculosis at the age of 39.


General Ulysses S. Grant is named overall Union Commander of the West.


Brigadier General Alfred Terry meets with Sitting Bull in Canada to discuss the Indians' return to the United States.


Zeppelin LII explodes over London, killing 28.


Due to rising anti-Semitism and anti-intellectualism in Hitler's Germany, Albert Einstein immigrates to the United States. He makes his new home in Princeton, N.J.


The U.S. destroyer Kearney is damaged by a German U-boat torpedo off Iceland; 11 Americans are killed.


The nuclear power station Calder Hall is opened in Britain. Calder Hall is the first nuclear station to feed an appreciable amount of power into a civilian network.


Peace talks between Pathet Lao and Royal Lao government begin in Vietnam.


The worst earthquake in 82 years strikes San Francisco bay area minutes before the start of a World Series game there. The earthquake registers 6.9 on the Richter scale--67 are killed and damage is estimated at $10 billion.


Dmitry Kholodov, a Russian journalist, assassinated while investigating corruption in the armed forces; his murkier began a series of killings of journalists in Russia.


Rehavam Ze'evi, Israeli tourism minister and founder of the right-wing Moledet party, assassinated by a member of the Popular Front of the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP); he was the first Israeli minister ever assassinated.


Taipei 101 is completed in Taipei, becoming the world's tallest high-rise.