Today in History: October 16

Today in History: October 16

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October 15 October 17

1555

The Protestant martyrs Bishop Hugh Latimer and Bishop Nicholas Ridley are burned at the stake for heresy in England.

1701

Yale University is founded as The Collegiate School of Kilingworth, Connecticut by Congregationalists who consider Harvard too liberal.

1793

Queen Marie Antoinette is beheaded by guillotine during the French Revolution.

1846

Ether was first administered in public at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston by Dr. William Thomas Green Morton during an operation performed by Dr. John Collins Warren.

1859

Abolitionist John Brown, with 21 men, seizes the U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry, Va. U.S. Marines capture the raiders, killing several. John Brown is later hanged in Virginia for treason.

1901

President Theodore Roosevelt incites controversy by inviting black leader Booker T. Washington to the White House.

1908

The first airplane flight in England is made at Farnsborough, by Samuel Cody, a U.S. citizen.

1934

Mao Tse-tung decides to abandon his base in Kiangsi due to attacks from Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalists. With his pregnant wife and about 30,000 Red Army troops, he sets out on the "Long March."

1938

Billy the Kid, a ballet by Aaron Copland, opens in Chicago.

1940

Benjamin O. Davis becomes the U.S. Army's first African American Brigadier General.

1946

Ten Nazi war criminals are hanged in Nuremberg, Germany.

1969

The New York Mets win the World Series four games to one over the heavily-favored Baltimore Orioles.

1973

Israeli General Ariel Sharon crosses the Suez Canal and begins to encircle two Egyptian armies.

1978

The college of cardinals elects 58-year-old Karol Cardinal Wojtyla, a Pole, the first non-Italian Pope since 1523.

1984

A baboon heart is transplanted into 15-day-old Baby Fae--the first transplant of the kind--at Loma Linda University Medical Center, California. Baby Fae lives until November 15.

1995

Skye Bridge opens over Loch Alsh, Scotland

1995

The Million Man March for 'A Day of Atonement' takes place in Washington, D.C.

1998

General Augusto Pinochet, former dictator of Chile, arrested in London for extradition on murder charges

2002

Inaugural opening of Bibliotheca Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt., a modern library and cultural center commemorating the famed Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity