Nero succeeds his great uncle Claudius, who was murdered by his wife, as the new emperor of Rome.
Members of the Knights of Templar are arrested throughout France, imprisoned and tortured by the order of King Philip the Fair of France.
Virginia passes a law that blacks arriving in the colonies as Christians cannot be used as slaves.
The Continental Congress authorizes construction of two warships, thus instituting an American naval force.
Benedict Arnold is defeated at Lake Champlain.
At the Battle of Queenston Heights, a Canadian and British army defeats the American who have tried to invade Canada.
In the first of four attacks, two Japanese battleships sail down the slot and shell Henderson field on Guadalcanal, in an unsuccessful effort to destroy the American Cactus Air Force.
First game of the fledgling American Basketball Association; Oakland Oaks beat Anaheim Amigos 134-129 in Oakland, Cal.
Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes Mountains, near the Argentina-Chile border; only 16 survivors (out of 45 people aboard) are rescued on Dec. 23.
Dr. F.A. Murphy at Center for Disease Control obtains the first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle.
The Space Shuttle Challenger, carrying seven, the largest crew to date, lands safely at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.