Rudolf II, the king of Hungary and Bohemia, succeeds his father, Maximillian II, as Holy Roman Emperor.
The song "Three Blind Mice" is published in London, believed to be the earliest printed secular song.
Shah Sultan Husayn surrenders the Persian capital of Isfahan to Afgan rebels after a seven month siege.
Meriwether Lewis, of the Lewis and Clark expedition, dies under mysterious circumstances in Tennessee.
Despite international protests, Edith Cavell, an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners.
Inejiro Asanuma, leaders of the Japan Socialist Party, is assassinated during a live TV broadcast.
1964 USSR launches Voskhod I, first spacecraft with multi-person crew; it is also the first mission in which the crew did not wear space suits.
President Richard Nixon announces the pullout of 40,000 more American troops in Vietnam by Christmas.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army detonates at bomb at the Grand Hotel in Brighton, England, in an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher; 5 others are killed and 31 wounded.
Chief of Army Staff Perez Musharraf seizes power in Pakistan through a bloodless military coup.