Today in History: October 3

Today in History: October 3

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1739

Russia signs a treaty with the Turks, ending a three-year conflict between the two countries.

1776

Congress borrows five million dollars to halt the rapid depreciation of paper money in the colonies.

1862

At the Battle of Corinth, in Mississippi, a Union army defeats the Confederates.

1873

Captain Jack and three other Modoc Indians are hanged in Oregon for the murder of General Edward Canby.

1876

John L. Routt, the Colorado Territory governor, is elected the first state governor of Colorado in the Centennial year of the U.S.

1906

The first conference on wireless telegraphy in Berlin adopts SOS as warning signal.

1929

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes officially changes its name to Yugoslavia.

1931

The comic strip Dick Tracy first appears in the New York News.

1940

U.S. Army adopts airborne, or parachute, soldiers. Airborne troops were later used in World War II for landing troops in combat and infiltrating agents into enemy territory.

1941

The Maltese Falson, starring Humphrey Bogart as detective Sam Spade, opens.

1942

Germany conducts the first successful test flight of a V-2 missile, which flies perfectly over a 118-mile course.

1944

German troops evacuate Athens, Greece.

1951

A "shot is heard around the world" when New York Giants outfielder Bobby Thomson hits a home run in the bottom of the ninth inning, beating the Brooklyn Dodgers to win the National League pennant.

1952

The UK successfully conducts a nuclear weapon, becoming the world's third nuclear power

1955

Two children's television programs and a family sitcom all destined to become classics debut: Captain Kangaroo, Mickey Mouse Club, and The Dick Van Dyke Show.

1963

A violent coup in Honduras ends a period of political reform and ushers in two decades of military rule.

1985

The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden flight.

1989

Art Shell becomes the first African American to coach a professional football team, the Los Angeles Raiders.

1990

After 40 years of division, East and West Germany are reunited as one nation.

1993

Battle of Mogadishu, in which 18 US soldiers and some 1,000 Somalis are killed during an attempt to capture officials of the warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's organization.

1995

Former pro football star and actor O.J. Simpson is acquitted of the murders of his wife Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman, ending what many called "the Trial of the Century.".

2008

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to purchase distressed assets of financial corporations and supply cash directly to banks to keep them afloat.