Leaders of the Mayflower expedition frame the "Mayflower Compact," designed to bolster unity among the settlers.
Jean de Rozier and the Marquis d'Arlandes make the first free-flight ascent in a balloon to over 500 feet in Paris.
Franklin Colman, a pro-slavery Missourian, guns down Charles Dow, a Free Stater from Ohio, near Lawrence, Kansas.
From Georgia, Confederate General John B. Hood launches the Franklin-Nashville Campaign into Tennessee.
Cunard liner Mauritania sets a new speed record for steamship travel, 624 nautical miles in a one day run.
German ace Rudolf von Eschwege is killed over Macedonia when he attacks a booby-trapped observation balloon packed with explosives.
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the air quality act, allotting $428 million for the fight against pollution.
US Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard arrested for spying and passing classified information to Israel; he received a life sentence on Nov. 1, 1987.
The Justice Department begins an inquiry into the National Security Council into what will become known as the Iran-Contra scandal.
The Dayton Peace Agreement is initialed at Wright Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio; the agreement, formally ratified in Paris on Dec. 14, ends the three-and-a-half year war between Bosnia and Herzegovina.