Today in History: November 14

Today in History: November 14

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November 13 November 15

1501

Arthur Tudor of England marries Katherine of Aragon.

1812

As Napoleon Bonaparte's army retreats form Moscow, temperatures drop to 20 degrees below zero.

1851

Herman Melville's novel Moby Dick is published in New York.

1882

Billy Clairborne, a survivor of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, loses his life in a shoot-out with Buckskin Frank Leslie.

1908

Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.

1910

Lieutenant Eugene Ely, U.S. Navy, becomes the first man to take off in an airplane from the deck of a ship. He flew from the ship Birmingham at Hampton Roads to Norfolk.

1921

The Cherokee Indians ask the U.S. Supreme Court to review their claim to 1 million acres of land in Texas.

1922

The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins the first daily radio broadcasts from Marconi House.

1930

Right-wing militarists in Japan attempt to assassinate Premier Hamagushi.

1935

Manuel Luis Quezon is sworn in as the first Filipino president, as the Commonwealth of the Philippines is inaugurated.

1940

German bombers devastate Coventry in Great Britain, killing 1,000 in the worst air raid of the war.

1951

French paratroopers capture Hoa Binh, Vietnam.

1951

The United States and Yugoslavia sign a military aid pact.

1960

New Orleans integrates two all-white schools.

1960

President Dwight Eisenhower orders U.S. naval units into the Caribbean after Guatemala and Nicaragua charge Castro with starting uprisings.

1961

President Kennedy increases the number of American advisors in Vietnam from 1,000 to 16,000.

1963

Greece frees hundreds who were jailed in the Communist uprising of 1944-1950.

1963

Iceland gets a new island when a volcano pushes its way up out of the sea five miles off the southern coast.

1965

The U.S. First Cavalry Division battles with the North Vietnamese Army in the Ia Drang Valley, the first ground combat for American troops.

1968

Yale University announces its plan to go co-ed.

1969

The United States launches Apollo 12, the second mission to the Moon, from Cape Kennedy.

1979

US President Jimmy Carter freezes all Iranian assets in the United States in response to Iranian militants holding more than 50 Americans hostage.

1982

Lech Walesa, leader of Poland's outlawed Solidarity movement, is released by communist authorities after 11 months confinement; he would win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 and be elected Poland's president in 1990.

1984

The Space Shuttle Discovery's crew rescues a second satellite.

1990

Poland and the Federal Republic of Germany sign a treaty officially making the Oder-Neisse line the border between their countries.

1995

Budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the US Congress forces temporary closure of national parks and museums; federal agencies forced to operate with skeleton staff.

2001

Northern Alliance fighters take control of Afghanistan's capital, Kabul.

2008

First G-20 economic summit convenes, in Washington, DC.

2012

Israel launches Operation Pillar of Defense against the Hamas-governed Gaza Strip.