The city of Pompeii is buried by eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.
Michelangelo's painting on the Sistine Chapel ceiling is exhibited for the first time.
Maurice of Nassau, the son of William of Orange, becomes the governor of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht.
A great earthquake at Lisbon, Portugal, kills over 50,000 people.
The Stamp Act goes into effect in the British colonies.
Lieutenant General Winfield Scott, 50 year-veteran and leader of the U.S. Army at the onset of the Civil War, retires. General George McClellan is appointed general-in-chief of the Union armies.
Wild woman of the west Myra Maybelle Shirley (Belle Starr) marries James C. Reed in Collins County, Texas.
Louis Riel seizes Fort Garry, Winnipeg, during the Red River Rebellion.
Italian planes perform the first aerial bombing on Tanguira oasis in Libya.
Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company buys the rights to manufacture Zeppelin dirigibles.
Legendary Oklahoma marshal Bill Tilghman, 71, is gunned down by a drunk in Cromwell, Oklahoma.
The Rodeo Cowboy's Association is founded.
Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini announces the Rome-Berlin axis after Count Ciano's visit to Germany.
American troops invade Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
John H. Johnson publishes the first issue of Ebony magazine.
Two members of a Puerto Rican nationalist movement attempt to assassinate President Harry S Truman.
Algerian National Liberation Front begins guerrilla warfare against the French.
The first issue of Rolling Stone hits the streets.
The Motion Picture Association of America officially introduces its rating system to indicate age-appropriateness of film content.
President Lyndon B. Johnson calls a halt to bombing in Vietnam, hoping this will lead to progress at the Paris peace talks.
Leon Jaworski appointed as new Watergate Special Prosecutor.
Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.
Honda opens a plant in Marysville, Ohio, becoming the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the US.
Serbia joins the United Nations.