Today in History: May 23

Today in History: May 23

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1430

Burgundians capture Joan of Arc and sell her to the English.

1533

Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.

1618

The Thirty Years War begins.

1701

Captain William Kidd, the Scottish pirate, is hanged on the banks of the Thames.

1785

Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals.

1788

South Carolina becomes the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

1861

Pro-Union and pro-Confederate forces clash in western Virginia.

1862

Confederate General "Stonewall" Jackson takes Front Royal, Virginia.

1864

Union General Ulysses Grant attempts to outflank Confederate Robert E. Lee in the Battle of North Anna, Virginia.

1900

Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney becomes the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, thirty-seven years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.

1915

Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.

1934

Gangsters Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are killed by Texas Rangers.

1945

Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Nazi Gestapo, commits suicide after being captured by Allied forces.

1949

The Federal Republic of West Germany is proclaimed.

1960

Israel announces the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.