Today in History: May 20

Today in History: May 20

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0325

The Ecumenical council is inaugurated by Emperor Constantine in Nicea.

1303

A peace treaty is signed between England and France.

1347

Cola di Rienzo takes the title of tribune in Rome.

1520

Hernando Cortes defeats Spanish troops sent against him in Mexico.

1674

John Sobieski becomes Poland's first king.

1690

England passes the Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II.

1774

Parliament passes the Coercive Acts to punish the colonists for their increasingly anti-British behavior. The acts close the port of Boston.

1775

North Carolina becomes the first colony to declare its independence.

1784

The Peace of Versailles ends a war between France, England, and Holland.

1799

Napoleon Bonaparte orders a withdrawal from his siege of St. Jean d'Acre in Egypt.

1859

A force of Austrians collide with Piedmontese cavalry at the village of Montebello, in northern Italy.

1861

North Carolina becomes the last state to secede from the Union.

1862

President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act, providing 250 million acres of free land to settlers in the West.

1874

Levi Strauss begins marketing blue jeans with copper rivets.

1902

The U.S. military occupation of Cuba ends.

1927

Charles Lindbergh takes off from New York for Paris.

1930

The first airplane is catapulted from a dirigible.

1932

Amelia Earhart lands near Londonderry, Ireland, to become the first woman fly solo across the Atlantic.

1939

Pan American Airways starts the first regular passenger service across the Atlantic.

1942

Japan completes the conquest of Burma.

1951

During the Korean War, U.S. Air Force Captain James Jabara becomes the first jet air ace in history.

1961

A white mob attacks civil rights activists in Montgomery, Alabama.

1969

In South Vietnam, troops of the 101st Airborne Division reach the top of Hill 937 after nine days of fighting entrenched North Vietnamese forces.

1970

100,000 people march in New York, supporting U.S. policies in Vietnam.