Today in History: May 19

Today in History: May 19

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0715

St. Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope.

1535

French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail for North America.

1536

Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII's second wife, is beheaded on Tower Green.

1568

Defeated by the Protestants, Mary, Queen of Scots, flees to England where Queen Elizabeth imprisons her.

1588

The Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal.

1608

The Protestant states form the Evangelical Union of Lutherans and Calvinists.

1635

Cardinal Richelieu of France intervenes in the great conflict in Europe by declaring war on the Hapsburgs in Spain.

1643

The French army defeats a Spanish army at Rocroi, France.

1780

Near total darkness descends on New England at noon. No explanation is found.

1856

Senator Charles Sumner speaks out against slavery.

1858

A pro-slavery band led by Charles Hamilton executes unarmed Free State men near Marais des Cygnes on the Kansas-Missouri border.

1863

Union General Ulysses S. Grant's first attack on Vicksburg is repulsed.

1864

The Union and Confederate armies launch their last attacks against each other at Spotsylvania, Virginia.

1921

Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system.

1935

The National Football League adopts an annual college draft to begin in 1936.

1964

U.S. diplomats find at least 40 microphones planted in the American embassy in Moscow.

1967

U.S. planes bomb Hanoi for the first time.