In England, the Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
American Indians sell Manhattan Island for $24 in cloth and buttons.
A French manufacturer debuts the first folding umbrella.
Rhode Island declares independence from England.
Thousands of rioters enter jails in Lyons, France, and massacre 99 Jacobin prisoners.
Napoleon Bonaparte disembarks at Portoferraio on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.
A balloon soars over 40,000 feet for the first time.
Mahatma Gandhi is arrested by the British.
The United States begins food rationing.
13 civil rights activists, dubbed Freedom Riders, begin a bus trip through the South.
Ohio National Guardsmen open fire on student protesters at Kent State University, killing four and wounding nine others.