Today in History: March 18

Today in History: March 18

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March 17 March 19

0037

The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius' will and proclaims Caligula emperor.

1692

William Penn is deprived of his governing powers.

1863

Confederate women riot in Salisbury, N.C. to protest the lack of flour and salt in the South.

1865

The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time.

1874

Hawaii signs a treaty giving exclusive trading rights with the islands to the United States.

1881

Barnum and Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth opens in Madison Square Gardens.

1911

Theodore Roosevelt opens the Roosevelt Dam in Phoenix, Ariz., the largest dam in the United States to date.

1913

Greek King George I is killed by an assassin. Constantine I is to succeed.

1916

On the Eastern Front, the Russians counter the Verdun assault with an attack at Lake Naroch. The Russians lose 100,000 men and the Germans lose 20,000.

1917

The Germans sink the U.S. ships, City of Memphis, Vigilante and the Illinois, without any type of warning.

1922

Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India.

1939

Georgia finally ratifies the Bill of Rights, 150 years after the birth of the federal government. Connecticut and Massachusetts, the only other states to hold out, also ratify the Bill of Rights in this year.

1942

The third military draft begins in the United States.

1943

American forces take Gafsa in Tunisia.

1943

Adolf Hitler calls off the offensive in the Caucasus.

1944

The Russians reach the Romanian border.

1950

Nationalist troops land on the mainland of China and capture Communist-held Sungmen.

1953

The Braves baseball team announces that they are moving from Boston to Milwaukee.

1965

Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov becomes the first man to spacewalk when he exits his Voskhod 2 space capsule while in orbit around the Earth.

1969

President Richard M. Nixon authorizes Operation Menue, the 'secret' bombing of Cambodia.

1970

The U.S. Postal Service is paralyzed by the first postal strike.

1971

U.S. helicopters airlift 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers out of Laos.

1975

South Vietnam abandons most of the Central Highlands to North Vietnamese forces.

1977

Congo President Marien Ngouabi is killed by a suicide commando.

1981

The United States discloses biological weapons tests in Texas in 1966.

1986

Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson.