Today in History: June 19

Today in History: June 19

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0240

Eratosthenes estimates the circumference of Earth using two sticks.

1778

General George Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge after a winter of training.

1821

The Ottomans defeat the Greeks at the Battle of Dragasani.

1846

The New York Knickerbocker Club plays the New York Club in the first baseball game at Elysian Field, Hoboken, New Jersey.

1861

Virginians, in what will soon be West Virginia, elect Francis Pierpont as their provisional governor.

1862

President Abraham Lincoln outlines his Emancipation Proclamation. News of the document reaches the South.

1864

The USS Kearsarge sinks the CSS Alabama off of Cherbourg, France.

1867

Mexican Emperor Maximilian is executed.

1885

The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York City from France.

1903

The young school teacher, Benito Mussolini, is placed under investigation by police in Bern, Switzerland.

1919

Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish National Congress at Ankara and denounces the Treaty of Versailles.

1933

France grants Leon Trotsky political asylum.

1934

The National Archives and Records Administration is established.

1937

The town of Bilbao, Spain, falls to the Nationalist forces.

1944

U.S. Navy carrier-based planes shatter the remaining Japanese carrier forces in the Battle of the Marianas.

1951

President Harry S. Truman signs the Universal Military Training and Service Act, which extends Selective Service until July 1, 1955 and lowers the draft age to 18.

1958

Nine entertainers refuse to answer a congressional committee's questions on communism.

1961

Kuwait regains complete independence from Britain.

1963

Soviet cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, becomes the first woman in space.

1965

Air Marshall Nguyen Cao Ky becomes South Vietnam's youngest premier at age 34.

1968

Over 50,000 people march on Washington, D.C. to support the Poor People's Campaign.

1973

The Case-Church Amendment prevents further U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia.

1987

The U.S. Supreme Court voids the Louisiana law requiring schools to teach creationism.

1995

The Richmond Virginia Planning Commission approves plans to place a memorial statue of tennis professional Arthur Ashe.