Eratosthenes estimates the circumference of Earth using two sticks.
The Ottomans defeat the Greeks at the Battle of Dragasani.
The New York Knickerbocker Club plays the New York Club in the first baseball game at Elysian Field, Hoboken, New Jersey.
Virginians, in what will soon be West Virginia, elect Francis Pierpont as their provisional governor.
The USS Kearsarge sinks the CSS Alabama off of Cherbourg, France.
Mexican Emperor Maximilian is executed.
The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York City from France.
The young school teacher, Benito Mussolini, is placed under investigation by police in Bern, Switzerland.
Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish National Congress at Ankara and denounces the Treaty of Versailles.
France grants Leon Trotsky political asylum.
The National Archives and Records Administration is established.
The town of Bilbao, Spain, falls to the Nationalist forces.
U.S. Navy carrier-based planes shatter the remaining Japanese carrier forces in the Battle of the Marianas.
Nine entertainers refuse to answer a congressional committee's questions on communism.
Kuwait regains complete independence from Britain.
Soviet cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, becomes the first woman in space.
Air Marshall Nguyen Cao Ky becomes South Vietnam's youngest premier at age 34.
Over 50,000 people march on Washington, D.C. to support the Poor People's Campaign.
The Case-Church Amendment prevents further U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia.
The U.S. Supreme Court voids the Louisiana law requiring schools to teach creationism.
The Richmond Virginia Planning Commission approves plans to place a memorial statue of tennis professional Arthur Ashe.