Emperor Julian issues an edict banning Christians from teaching in Syria.
Sir Francis Drake claims San Francisco Bay for England.
The British take Bunker Hill outside of Boston, after a costly battle.
Napoleon Bonaparte incorporates Italy into his empire.
The War of 1812 begins when the United States declares war against Great Britain.
On the way to Gettysburg, Union and Confederate forces skirmish at Point of Rocks, Maryland.
George M. Hoover begins selling whiskey in Dodge City, Kansas--a town which had previously been "dry."
The Russian Duma meets in secret session in Petrograd and votes for an immediate Russian offensive against the German Army.
Allied forces on the Western Front begin their largest counterattack yet against the German army.
Spain threatens to quit the League of Nations if Germany is allowed to join.
Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to cross the Atlantic by airplane.
The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill becomes law, placing the highest tariff on imports to the United States.
British authorities in China arrest Indochinese Communist leader Ho Chi Minh.
The U.S. Navy commissions its first black officer, Harvard University medical student Bernard Whitfield Robinson.
The U.S. First Army breaks through the German lines on the Cotentin Peninsula and cuts off the German-held port of Cherbourg.
Organized Japanese resistance ends on the island of Mindanao.
General Vo Nguyen Giap ends his Red River Campaign against the French in Indochina.
South Korean President Syngman Rhee releases Korean non-repatriate POWs against the will of the United Nations.
The U.S. Supreme Court bans the required reading of the Lord's prayer and Bible in public schools.
Five men are arrested for burglarizing Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C.