Today in History: June 18

Today in History: June 18

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June 17 June 19

0362

Emperor Julian issues an edict banning Christians from teaching in Syria.

1155

German-born Frederick I, Barbarossa, is crowned emperor of Rome.

1579

Sir Francis Drake claims San Francisco Bay for England.

1667

The Dutch fleet sails up the Thames River and threatens London.

1775

The British take Bunker Hill outside of Boston, after a costly battle.

1778

British troops evacuate Philadelphia.

1799

Napoleon Bonaparte incorporates Italy into his empire.

1812

The War of 1812 begins when the United States declares war against Great Britain.

1815

At the Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon Bonaparte is defeated by an international army under the Duke of Wellington.

1848

Austrian General Alfred Windisch-Gratz crushes a Czech uprising in Prague.

1854

The Red Turban revolt breaks out in Guangdong, China.

1856

The Republican Party opens its first national convention in Philadelphia.

1861

President Abraham Lincoln witnesses Dr. Thaddeus Lowe demonstrate the use of a hot-air balloon.

1863

On the way to Gettysburg, Union and Confederate forces skirmish at Point of Rocks, Maryland.

1863

After repeated acts of insubordination, General Ulysses S. Grant relieves General John McClernand during the Siege of Vicksburg.

1864

At Petersburg, Union General Ulysses S. Grant realizes the town can no longer be taken by assault and settles into a siege.

1872

George M. Hoover begins selling whiskey in Dodge City, Kansas--a town which had previously been "dry."

1876

General George Crook's command is attacked and bested on the Rosebud River by 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne under the leadership of Crazy Horse.

1912

The German Zeppelin SZ 111 burns in its hangar in Friedrichshafen.

1913

U.S. Marines set sail from San Diego to protect American interests in Mexico.

1917

The Russian Duma meets in secret session in Petrograd and votes for an immediate Russian offensive against the German Army.

1918

Allied forces on the Western Front begin their largest counterattack yet against the German army.

1924

The Fascist militia marches into Rome.

1926

Spain threatens to quit the League of Nations if Germany is allowed to join.

1928

Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to cross the Atlantic by airplane.

1930

The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill becomes law, placing the highest tariff on imports to the United States.

1931

British authorities in China arrest Indochinese Communist leader Ho Chi Minh.

1932

The U.S. Senate defeats the Bonus Bill as 10,000 veterans mass around the Capitol.

1936

Mobster Charles 'Lucky' Luciano is found guilty on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution.

1940

The Soviet Union occupies Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.

1942

The U.S. Navy commissions its first black officer, Harvard University medical student Bernard Whitfield Robinson.

1942

Yank a weekly magazine for the U.S. armed services, begins publication.

1944

French troops land on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.

1944

The U.S. First Army breaks through the German lines on the Cotentin Peninsula and cuts off the German-held port of Cherbourg.

1945

Organized Japanese resistance ends on the island of Mindanao.

1950

Surgeon Richard Lawler performs the first kidney transplant operation in Chicago.

1951

General Vo Nguyen Giap ends his Red River Campaign against the French in Indochina.

1953

Soviet tanks fight thousands of Berlin workers rioting against the East German government.

1953

South Korean President Syngman Rhee releases Korean non-repatriate POWs against the will of the United Nations.

1959

A Federal Court annuls the Arkansas law allowing school closings to prevent integration.

1963

The U.S. Supreme Court bans the required reading of the Lord's prayer and Bible in public schools.

1965

27 B-52s hit Viet Cong outposts, but lose two planes in South Vietnam.

1966

Samuel Nabrit becomes the first African American to serve on the Atomic Energy Commission.

1970

North Vietnamese troops cut the last operating rail line in Cambodia.

1972

Five men are arrested for burglarizing Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C.

1979

President Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev sign the Salt II pact to limit nuclear arms.

1983

Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space.

1994

Millions of Americans watch former football player O.J. Simpson--facing murder charges--drive his Ford Bronco through Los Angeles, followed by police.