British forces capture France's Fortress of Louisbourg after a seven-week siege.
The French relinquish Fort Ticonderoga in New York to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst.
The Continental Congress establishes a postal system for the colonies with Benjamin Franklin as the first postmaster general.
King Charles X of France issues five ordinances limiting the political and civil rights of citizens.
Britain's top war ace, Edward Mannock, is shot down by ground fire on the Western Front.
The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified.
In an Executive Order, President Harry Truman calls for the end of discrimination and segregation in the U.S. armed forces.