Today in History: July 26

Today in History: July 26

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0657

Mu'awiya defeats Caliph Ali in the Battle of Siffin in Mesopotamia.

1526

Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon and colonists leave Santo Domingo for Florida.

1529

Francisco Pizarro receives a royal warrant to "discover and conquer" Peru.

1758

British forces capture France's Fortress of Louisbourg after a seven-week siege.

1759

The French relinquish Fort Ticonderoga in New York to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst.

1775

The Continental Congress establishes a postal system for the colonies with Benjamin Franklin as the first postmaster general.

1790

An attempt at a counter-revolution in France is put down by the National Guard at Lyons.

1794

The French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Fleurus, France.

1830

King Charles X of France issues five ordinances limiting the political and civil rights of citizens.

1847

Liberia becomes the first African colony to become an independent state.

1848

The French army suppresses the Paris uprising.

1886

William Gladstone is replaced by Lord Salisbury as Prime Minister of England.

1918

Britain's top war ace, Edward Mannock, is shot down by ground fire on the Western Front.

1920

The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified.

1948

In an Executive Order, President Harry Truman calls for the end of discrimination and segregation in the U.S. armed forces.

2005

The shuttle Discovery launches on mission STS-114, marking a return to space after the shuttle Columbia crash of 2003.