Maurice of Saxony is mortally wounded at Sievershausen, Germany, while defeating Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
General Edward Braddock is killed by French and Indian troops.
In Versailles, the French National Assembly declares itself the Constituent Assembly and begins to prepare a French constitution.
The Swedish navy captures one third of the Russian fleet at the Battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.
U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies in office at the age of 65. He is succeeded by Millard Fillmore.
Confederate cavalry led by John Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky.
The Commonwealth of Australia is established by an act of British Parliament, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.
Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the attic above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.