Today in History: July 9

Today in History: July 9

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0118

Hadrian, Rome's new emperor, makes his entry into the city.

0455

Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, becomes Emperor of the West.

1553

Maurice of Saxony is mortally wounded at Sievershausen, Germany, while defeating Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.

1609

Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of worship.

1755

General Edward Braddock is killed by French and Indian troops.

1789

In Versailles, the French National Assembly declares itself the Constituent Assembly and begins to prepare a French constitution.

1790

The Swedish navy captures one third of the Russian fleet at the Battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.

1850

U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies in office at the age of 65. He is succeeded by Millard Fillmore.

1861

Confederate cavalry led by John Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky.

1900

The Commonwealth of Australia is established by an act of British Parliament, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.

1942

Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the attic above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.

1943

American and British forces make an amphibious landing on Sicily.

1971

The United States turns over complete responsibility of the Demilitarized Zone to South Vietnamese units.