Today in History: January 30

Today in History: January 30

Pick a day:

January 29 January 31

1649

Charles I of England is beheaded at Whitehall by the executioner Richard Brandon.

1844

Richard Theodore Greener becomes the first African American to graduate from Harvard University.

1862

The USS Monitor is launched at Greenpoint, Long Island.

1901

Women Prohibitionists smash 12 saloons in Kansas.

1912

The British House of Lords opposes the House of Commons by rejecting home rule for Ireland.

1931

The United States awards civil government to the Virgin Islands.

1933

Adolf Hitler is named Chancellor by President Paul Hindenburg.

1936

Governor Harold Hoffman orders a new inquiry into the Lindbergh kidnapping.

1943

Field Marshal Friedrich von Paulus surrenders himself and his staff to Red Army troops in Stalingrad.

1945

The Allies launch a drive on the Siegfried line in Germany.

1949

In India, 100,000 people pray at the site of Gandhi's assassination on the first anniversary of his death.

1953

President Dwight Eisenhower announces that he will pull the Seventh Fleet out of Formosa to permit the Nationalists to attack Communist China.

1964

The Ranger spacecraft, equipped with six TV cameras, is launched to the moon from Cape Canaveral.

1972

British troops shoot dead 14 Irish civilians in Derry, Ireland. The day is forever remembered in Ireland as 'Bloody Sunday.'

1976

The U.S. Supreme Court bans spending limits in campaigns, equating funds with freedom of speech.

1980

The first-ever Chinese Olympic team arrives in New York for the Winter Games at Lake Placid.