Richard Theodore Greener becomes the first African American to graduate from Harvard University.
The USS Monitor is launched at Greenpoint, Long Island.
Adolf Hitler is named Chancellor by President Paul Hindenburg.
The Allies launch a drive on the Siegfried line in Germany.
In India, 100,000 people pray at the site of Gandhi's assassination on the first anniversary of his death.
President Dwight Eisenhower announces that he will pull the Seventh Fleet out of Formosa to permit the Nationalists to attack Communist China.
The Ranger spacecraft, equipped with six TV cameras, is launched to the moon from Cape Canaveral.
British troops shoot dead 14 Irish civilians in Derry, Ireland. The day is forever remembered in Ireland as 'Bloody Sunday.'
The U.S. Supreme Court bans spending limits in campaigns, equating funds with freedom of speech.