Pepin the Short of Gaul dies. His dominions are divided between his sons Charles (Charlemagne) and Carloman.
In the first of the Franco-Habsburg Wars, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V captures the French king Francis I at the Battle of Pavia, Italy.
Ferdinand of Hapsburg and John Zapolyai, the two kings of Hungary, conclude the peace of Grosswardein.
Chief Justice John Marshall, by refusing to rule on the case of Marbury vs. Madison, asserts the authority of the judicial branch.
Mexico gains independence from Spain.
Some 3,000 Mexicans launch an assault on the Alamo with its 182 Texan defenders.
Herbert Hoover becomes Secretary of Commerce.
The New Gallery of New York exhibits works of Archibald Motley, its first show to feature a black artist.
Merrill's Marauders, a specially trained group of American soldiers, begin their ground campaign against Japan into Burma.
U.S. forces liberate prisoners of war in the Los Baños Prison in the Philippines.
North Vietnamese troops capture the imperial palace in Hue, South Vietnam.
Hanoi negotiators walk out of the peace talks in Paris to protest U.S. air raids on North Vietnam.
General Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of the coalition army, sends in ground forces during the Gulf War.