Pope Julius II dies. He will lay in rest in a huge tomb sculptured by Michelangelo.
New Hampshire militiamen partake in the first recorded scalping of Indians by whites in North America.
The U.S. Postal Service is created.
The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the power of the federal government is greater than any individual state in the Union.
Polish revolutionaries defeat the Russians in the Battle of Grochow.
Confederate troops defeat a Union army sent to bring Florida into the union at the Battle of Olustee, Fla.
J.F. Pickering patents his airship.
Russian troops seize large portions of Mongolia.
President Woodrow Wilson opens the Panama-Pacific Expo in San Francisco to celebrate the opening of the Panama Canal.
The Soviet Red Army seizes Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine.
Hitler demands self-determination for Germans in Austria and Czechoslovakia.
The United States sends war planes to the Pacific.
Lt. Edward O'Hare downs five out of nine Japanese bombers that are attacking the carrier Lexington.
The Ford Foundation gives a $25 million grant to the Fund for Advancement of Education.
The FCC applies the equal time rule to TV newscasts of political candidates.
Moscow offers to allow on-site inspection of nuclear testing.
Ranger 8 hits the moon and sends back 7,000 photos to the United States.
North Vietnamese army chief in Hue orders all looters to be shot on sight.
Young people protest having to cut their long hair in Athens, Greece.
Carnegie Hall in New York begins $20 million in renovations.