Today in History: December 13

Today in History: December 13

Pick a day:

December 12 December 14

1789

The National Guard is created in France.

1812

The last remnants of Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand Armeé reach the safety of Kovno, Poland, after the failed Russian campaign. Napoleon's costly retreat from Moscow

1814

General Andrew Jackson announces martial law in New Orleans, Louisiana, as British troops disembark at Lake Borne, 40 miles east of the city. The Battle of New Orleans

1862

The Battle of Fredericksburg ends with the bloody slaughter of onrushing Union troops at Marye's Heights. Maine's Colonel Chamberlain at Marye's Heights.

1902

The Committee of Imperial Defense holds its first meeting in London.

1908

The Dutch take two Venezuelan Coast Guard ships.

1937

The Japanese army occupies Nanking, China. Boeing's Trailblazing P-26 Peashooters.

1940

Adolf Hitler issues preparations for Operation Martita, the German invasion of Greece.

1941

British forces launch an offensive in Libya.

1945

France and Britain agree to quit Syria and Lebanon.

1951

After meeting with FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, President Harry S Truman vows to purge all disloyal government workers.

1968

President Lyndon B. Johnson and Mexico's President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz meet on a bridge at El Paso, Texas, to officiate at ceremonies returning the long-disputed El Chamizal area to the Mexican side of the border.

1972

Astronaut Gene Cernan climbs into his lunar lander on the moon and prepares to lift off. He is the last man to set foot on the moon.

1973

Great Britain cuts the work week to three days to save energy.

1981

Polish labor leader Lech Walesa is arrested and the government decrees martial law, restricting civil rights and suspending operation of the independent trade union Solidarity.

1985

France sues the United States over the discovery of an AIDS serum.

2001

Terrorists attach the Parliament of India Sansad; 15 people are killed, including the terrorists

2003

Deposed Iraqi President Saddam Hussein captured; he is found hiding in near his home town of Tikrit.