Today in History: December 7

Today in History: December 7

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0043

Cicero, considered one of the greatest sons of Rome, is assassinated on the orders of Marcus Antonius.

0983

Otto III takes the throne after his father's death in Italy. A power struggle between magnates ensues.

1787

Delaware becomes the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.

1808

James Madison is elected president in succession of Thomas Jefferson.

1861

USS Santiago de Cuba, under Commander Daniel B. Ridgely, halts the British schooner Eugenia Smith and captures J.W. Zacharie, a New Orleans merchant and Confederate purchasing agent.

1862

Confederate forces surprise an equal number of Union troops at the Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas.

1863

Outlaw George Ives, an alleged member of an outlaw gang known as the "Innocents," robs and then kills Nick Thiebalt in the Ruby Valley of what would become Montana.

1917

The United States declares war on Austria-Hungary with only one dissenting vote in Congress.

1918

Spartacists call for a German revolution.

1931

A report indicates that Nazis would ensure "Nordic dominance" by sterilizing certain races.

1941

Japanese planes raid Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in a surprise attack, bringing the US into WWII.

1942

The U.S. Navy launches USS New Jersey, the largest battleship ever built.

1946

The president of the United Mine Workers, John L. Lewis, orders all striking miners back to work.

1949

The A.F.L. and the C.I.O. organize a non-Communist international trade union.

1970

Poland and West Germany sign a pact renouncing the use of force to settle disputes, recognizing the Oder-Neisse River as Poland's western frontier, and acknowledging the transfer to Poland of 40,000 square miles of former German territory.

1972

The crew of Apollo 17, the last manned mission to the moon, lifts off at Cape Canaveral, Florida.

1981

The Reagan Administration predicts a record deficit in 1982 of $109 billion.

1988

An earthquake in Armenia kills an estimated 100,000 people.

1988

Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat recognizes Israel's right to exist.

1995

Galileo spacecraft arrives at Jupiter after a 6-year journey.

1999

The Recording Industry Association of America files a copyright infringement suit against the file-sharing website Napster.

2003

A tornado in Kensal Green, North West London, damages about 150 properties.