Today in History: August 30

Today in History: August 30

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1617

Rosa de Lima of Peru becomes the first American saint to be canonized.

1721

The Peace of Nystad ends the Second Northern War between Sweden and Russia, giving Russia considerably more power in the Baltic region.

1781

The French fleet arrives in the Chesapeake Bay to aid the American Revolution.

1813

Creek Indians massacre over 500 whites at Fort Mims, Alabama.

1860

The first British tramway is inaugurated at Birkenhead by an American, George Francis Train.

1861

Union General John Fremont declares martial law throughout Missouri and makes his own emancipation proclamation to free slaves in the state. President Lincoln overrules the general.

1892

The Moravia, a passenger ship arriving from Germany, brings cholera to the United States.

1932

Nazi leader Hermann Goering is elected president of the Reichstag.

1944

Ploesti, the center of the Rumanian oil industry, falls to Soviet troops.

1961

President John F. Kennedy appoints General Lucius D. Clay as his personal representative in Berlin.

1963

Hot Line communications link installed between Moscow and Washington, DC.

1967

US Senate confirms Thurgood Marshall as first African-American Supreme Court justice.

1976

Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of Today Show.

1979

First recorded instance of a comet (Howard-Koomur-Michels) hitting the sun; the energy released is equal to approximately 1 million hydrogen bombs.

1982

Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) forced out of Lebanon after 10 years in Beirut during Lebanese Civil War.

1983

Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford, Jr., becomes the first African-American astronaut to travel in space.

1983

Eiffel Tower welcomes its 150 millionth visitor, 33-year-old Parisian Jacqueline Martinez.

1986

KGB arrests journalist Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report) on a charge of spying and hold him for 13 days.