Today in History: August 19

Today in History: August 19

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1493

Maximilian succeeds his father Frederick III as Holy Roman Emperor.

1587

Sigismund III is chosen to be the king of Poland.

1692

Five women are hanged in Salem, Massachusetts after being convicted of the crime of witchcraft. Fourteen more people are executed that year and 150 others are imprisoned.

1772

Gustavus III of Sweden eliminates the rule of parties and establishes an absolute monarchy.

1779

Americans under Major Henry Lee take the British garrison at Paulus Hook, New Jersey.

1812

The USS Constitution earns the nickname "Old Ironsides" during the battle off Nova Scotia that saw her defeat the HMS Guerriere.

1914

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) lands in France.

1934

38 million Germans vote to make Adolf Hitler the official successor to President von Hindenburg.

1936

Spanish poet Federico Garcia Lorca is shot by Franco's troops after being forced to dig his own grave.

1942

A raid on Dieppe, France by British and Canadian commandos is repulsed by the German Army.

1944

In an effort to prevent a communist uprising in Paris, Charles De Gualle begins attacking German forces all around the city.

1950

Edith Sampson becomes the first African-American representative to the United Nations.

1957

The first balloon flight to exceed 100,000 feet takes off from Crosby, Minnesota.

1965

US forces destroy a Viet Cong stronghold near Van Tuong, in South Vietnam.

1974

US Ambassador to Cyrus Rodger P. Davies assassinated by a sniper of Greek Cypriot paramilitary group EOKA-B during a demonstration outside the embassy in Nicosia.

1976

Gerald R Ford, who had become President of the United States after Richard Nixon resigned, wins Republican Party's presidential nomination at Kansas City convention.

1987

Hungerford Massacre in the UK; armed with semi-automatic rifles and a handgun Michael Ryan kills 16 people before committing suicide. In response, Parliament passed the Firearms (Amendment) Act of 1988 banning ownership of certain classes of firearms.

1988

Cease fire begins in 8-year war between Iran and Iraq.

1991

Communist hard-liners place President Mikhail Gorbachev under house arrest in an attempted coup that failed two days later.

2002

A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.

2003

Shmuel Hanavi bus bombing: suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem kills 23 Israelis, some of them children, and wounds 130. Islamist militant group Hamas claims responsibility for the attack.

2004

Google Inc. stock begins selling on the Nasdaq Stock Market, with an initial price of $85; the stock ended the day at $100.34 with more than 22 million shares traded.

2005

Toronto Supercell: A series of thunderstorms spawn several tornadoes and cause flash floods in Southern Ontario. Losses exceed $500 million Canadian dollars, the highest ever in the province.

2010

Operation Iraqi Freedom ends; the last US combat brigade, 4th Stryker Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, leaves the country. Six brigades remain to train Iraqi troops.