Today in History: August 14

Today in History: August 14

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1457

The first book ever printed is published by a German astrologer named Faust. He is thrown in jail while trying to sell books in Paris. Authorities concluded that all the identical books meant Faust had dealt with the devil.

1559

Spanish explorer Tristan de Luna enters Pensacola Bay, Florida.

1605

The Popham expedition reaches the Sagadahoc River in present-day Maine and settles there.

1756

French commander Louis Montcalm takes Fort Oswego, New England, from the British.

1793

Republican troops in France lay siege to the city of Lyons.

1900

The European allies enter Beijing, relieving their besieged legations from the Chinese Boxers.

1917

The Chinese Parliament declares war on the Central Powers.

1942

Dwight D. Eisenhower is named the Anglo-American commander for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa.

1947

Pakistan becomes an independent country.

1969

British troops arrived Northern Ireland in response to sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.

1973

The United States ends the "secret" bombing of Cambodia.

1987

Mark McGwire hits his 49th home run of the season, setting the major league home run record for a rookie.

1995

Shannon Faulker becomes the first female cadet in the long history of South Carolina's state military college, The Citadel. Her presence is met with intense resistance, reportedly including death threats, and she will leave the school a week later.

2007

Four coordinated suicide bomb attacks in Yazidi towns near Mosul, Iraq, kill more than 400 people.

2010

First-ever Summer Youth Olympic Games open, in Singapore. Athletes must be 14–18 years old.