Today in History: August 10

Today in History: August 10

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0955

Otto organizes his nobles and defeats the invading Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld in Germany.

1539

King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin.

1557

French troops are defeated by Emmanuel Philibert's Spanish army at St. Quentin, France.

1582

Russia ends its 25-year war with Poland.

1628

The Swedish warship Vasa capsizes and sinks in Stockholm harbor on her maiden voyage.

1779

Louis XVI of France frees the last remaining serfs on royal land.

1831

William Driver of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term "Old Glory" in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett.

1846

The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson.

1864

Confederate Commander John Bell Hood sends his cavalry north of Atlanta to cut off Union General William Sherman's supply lines.

1911

The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House.

1913

The Treaty of Bucharest ends the Second Balkan War.

1941

Great Britain and the Soviet Union promise aid to Turkey if it is attacked by the Axis Powers.

1949

National Military Establishment renamed Department of Defense.

1950

President Harry S. Truman calls the National Guard to active duty to fight in the Korean War.

1954

The groundbreaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held at Massena, New York.

1954

English jockey Sir Gordon Richards retires with a world-record total of 4,870 victories, later broken by Johnny Longden of the United States. Richards was the first jockey ever to be knighted.

1960

NASA launches Discoverer 13 satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit.

1970

Rocker Jim Morrison tried in Miami on "lewd & lascivious behavior." Although convicted and sentenced to jail, he was free on bond while his case was being appealed when he dies in Paris, July 3, 1971.

1975

David Frost purchases the exclusive rights to interview Richard Nixon.

1977

US and Panama sign Panama Canal Zone accord, guaranteeing Panama would have control of the canal after 1999.

1997

The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China.

2003

For the first time ever, temperatures exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit when thermometers hit 101.3 F (38.5 Celsius)  at Kent.

2006

All toiletries are banned from commercial airplanes after Scotland Yard disrupts a a major terrorist plot involving liquid explosives. After a few weeks, the toiletries ban was modified.