Charles IX of France signs the Treaty of St. Germain, ending the third war of religion and giving religious freedom to the Huguenots.
The invading armies of Spain, Austria and Bavaria are stopped at the village of St.-Jean-de-Losne, only 50 miles from France.
Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard become the first men to climb Mont Blanc in France.
The first national congress of the Ku Klux Klan opens.
The German Luftwaffe attacks Great Britain for the first time, beginning the Battle of Britain.
U.S. Marines capture the Japanese airstrip on Guadalcanal.
U.S. troops repel the first North Korean attempt to overrun them at the Battle of Naktong Bulge, which continued for 10 days.
Brigadier General Efrain Rios Montt is deposed as president of Guatemala in the country's second military coup in 17 months.
Iraq annexes the state of Kuwait as its 19th province, six days after Iraqi troops invaded Kuwait.
The Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to surface, 136 years after it sank following its successful attack on USS Housatonic in the outer harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.