Today in History: August 7

Today in History: August 7

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1782

General George Washington authorizes the award of the Purple Heart for soldiers wounded in combat.

1864

Union troops capture part of Confederate General Jubal Early's army at Moorefield, West Virginia.

1888

Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia receives a patent for the revolving door.

1906

In North Carolina, a mob defies a court order and lynches three African Americans which becomes known as "The Lyerly Murders."

1916

Persia forms an alliance with Britain and Russia.

1922

The Irish Republican Army cuts the cable link between the United States and Europe at Waterville landing station.

1934

In Washington, the U.S. Court of Appeals rules that the government can neither confiscate nor ban James Joyce's novel Ulysses.

1936

The United States declares non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War.

1942

The U.S. 1st Marine Division under General A. A. Vandegrift lands on the islands of Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon islands. This is the first American amphibious landing of the war.

1944

German forces launch a major counter attack against U.S. forces near Mortain, France.

1964

Congress overwhelmingly passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, allowing the president to use unlimited military force to prevent attacks on U.S. forces.

1966

The United States loses seven planes over North Vietnam, the most in the war up to this point.

1971

Apollo 15 returns to Earth. The mission to the moon had marked the first use of the Lunar Roving Vehicle.

1973

A U.S. plane accidentally bombs a Cambodian village, killing 400 civilians.

1976

The US Viking 2 spacecraft goes into orbit around Mars.

1981

The Washington (D.C.) Star ceases publication after 128 years.

1984

Japan defeats the United States to win the Olympic Gold in baseball.

1987

Presidents of five Central American nations sign a peace accord in Guatemala.

1990

Operation Desert Shield begins as US troops deploy to Saudi Arabia to discourage Iraq's Saddam Hussein from invading that country as he had Kuwait.

2007

Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants breaks Hank Aaron's record with his 756th home run. Bonds' accomplishments were clouded by allegations of illegal steroid use and lying to a grand jury.