English King Richard I is killed by an arrow at the Siege of the Castle of Chalus in France.
Granted sovereignty in the island of Elba and a pension from the French government, Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates at Fontainebleau. He is allowed to keep the title of emperor.
French Army Nationalists are revealed to have forged documents to guarantee a conviction for Alfred Dreyfus.
Americans Robert Peary and Matthew Henson become the first men to reach the North Pole.
The United States declares war on Germany and enters World War I on Allied side.
President Lyndon B. Johnson authorizes the use of ground troops in combat operations.