The territory of New Orleans is organized in the Louisiana Purchase.
German composer Ludwig Van Beethoven dies in Vienna. He had been deaf for the later part of his life, but said on his death bed "I shall hear in heaven."
Famed western artist George Catlin begins his voyage up the Missouri River aboard the American Fur Company steamship Yellowstone.
Hermann Goering warns all Jews to leave Austria.
Eisenhower offers increased aid to the French fighting in Indochina.
Dr. Jonas Salk announces a new vaccine against polio.
John F. Kennedy meets with British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan in Washington to discuss increased Communist involvement in Laos.
Writer John Kennedy Toole commits suicide at the age of 32. His mother helps get his first and only novel, A Confederacy of Dunces, published. It goes on to win the 1981 Pulitzer Prize.
The Camp David treaty is signed between Israel and Egypt.
Ground is broken in Washington D.C. for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.