The Peace of Breda ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War and cedes Dutch New Amsterdam to the English.
In the first major battle of the Civil War, Confederate forces defeat the Union Army along Bull Run near Manassas Junction, Virginia. The battle becomes known as Manassas by the Confederates, while the Union calls it Bull Run.
Wild Bill Hickok kills gunman Dave Tutt in Springfield, Missouri, in what is regarded as the first formal quick-draw duel.
The James Gang robs a train in Adair, Iowa.
French Captain Alfred Dreyfus is vindicated of his earlier court-martial for spying for Germany.
The British House of Lords ratifies the Versailles Treaty.
John Scopes is found guilty for teaching evolution in Dayton, Tenn., and is fined $100.
The French sign an armistice with the Viet Minh that ends the war but divides Vietnam into two countries.