The statue of King George III is pulled down in New York City.
Millard Fillmore is sworn in as the 13th president of the United States following the death of Zachary Taylor.
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without the benefit of penicillin or blood transfusion.
The trial of Tennessee teacher John T. Scopes opens, with Clarence Darrow appearing for the defense and William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution.
General Carl Spaatz becomes the head of the U.S. Air Force in Europe.
Belgium sends troops to the Congo to protect whites as the Congolese Bloodbath begins, just 10 days after the former colony became independent of Belgian rule.
The satellite Telstar is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the United States.
Singer Bobbie Gentry records "Ode to Billie Joe," which will become a country music classic and win 4 Grammys.
In Seveso, near Milan, Italy, an explosion in a chemical factory covers the surrounding area with toxic dioxin. Time magazine has ranked the Seveso incident No. 8 on its list of the 10 worst environmental disasters.
Coca-Cola Co. announces it will resume selling "old formula Coke," following a public outcry and falling sales of its "new Coke."
Boris Yeltsin is sworn in as the first elected president of the Russian Federation, following the breakup of the USSR.