Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."
President Abraham Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1, setting in motion the Union armies.
Foreign diplomats in Peking fear revolt and demand that the Imperial Government discipline the Boxer Rebels.
Russian General Kuropatkin takes the offensive in Manchuria. The Japanese under General Oyama suffer heavy casualties.
President Woodrow Wilson opens preparedness program.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves the sale of U.S. war planes to France.
A cease fire in Vietnam is called as the Paris peace accords are signed by the United States and North Vietnam.
The State Supreme Court rules that Nazis can display the Swastika in a march in Skokie, Illinois.