Julius Caesar leads his army across the Rubicon River, plunging Rome into civil war.
Francis Scott Key, author of "The Star-Spangled Banner," dies in Baltimore.
Alabama secedes from the Union.
Lincoln accepts Simon Cameron's resignation as Secretary of War.
Russian General Yudenich launches a WWI winter offensive and advances west.
The French enter the town of Essen in the Ruhr valley, to extract Germany's resources as war payment.
Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., becomes the U.S. Army's first black general, his son would later become a general as well.
The Soviet Red Army encircles Stalingrad.
President Harry S. Truman proposes free, two-year community colleges for all who want an education.
Negotiations in China between the Nationalists and Communists open as Tientsin is virtually lost to the Communists.
A collection of previously unexhibited paintings by Pablo Picasso are displayed for the first time in Toronto.
Honda announces it will build the first Japanese-owned passenger-car assembly plant in the United States--in Ohio.
The Irish Government announces an end to a 15-year ban on broadcasting by the IRA and its political branch, Sinn Fein.