Phi Beta Kappa, the first scholastic fraternity, is founded at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg.
The majority of Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand Armeé staggers into Vilna, Lithuania, ending the failed Russian campaign.
Union General George G. Meade leads a foraging expedition to Gunnell's farm near Dranesville, Virginia.
President Abraham Lincoln orders the hanging of 39 of the 303 convicted Indians who participated in the Sioux Uprising in Minnesota. They are to be hanged on December 26.
The 13th Amendment is ratified, abolishing slavery.
Thomas A. Edison makes the first sound recording when he recites "Mary had a Little Lamb" into his phonograph machine.
Lieutenant Thomas E. Selfridge flies a powered, man-carrying kite that carries him 168 feet in the air for seven minutes at Baddeck, Nova Scotia.
Benito Mussolini threatens Italian newspapers with censorship if they keep reporting "false" information.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt issues a personal appeal to Emperor Hirohito to use his influence to avoid war.
The United States extends a $3 billion loan to Great Britain to help compensate for the termination of the Lend-Lease agreement.
The "Pumpkin Spy Papers" are found on the Maryland farm of Whittaker Chambers. They become evidence that State Department employee Alger Hiss is spying for the Soviet Union.
Vanguard TV3 explodes on the launchpad, thwarting the first US attempt to launch a satellite into Earth's orbit.
Hells Angels, hired to provide security at a Rolling Stones concert at the Altamont Speedway in California, beat to death concert-goer Meredith Hunter.
Pakistan severs diplomatic relations with India after New Delhi recognizes the state of Bangladesh.
US House of Representatives confirms Gerald Ford as Vice-President of the United States, 387–35.
A Provisional IRA unit takes a couple hostage in Balcombe Street, London, and a 6-day siege begins.
Democrat Tip O'Neill is elected speaker of the House of Representatives. He will serve the longest consecutive term as speaker.
The Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, India, is destroyed during a riot that started as a political protest.