This was the first US Navy airplane designed specifically for an attack role.

  • The de Havilland DH-1
  • The Naval Aircraft Factory N-1
  • The SPAD A-1
  • The Verville VCP-1

Today in History: Born on July 10

1509

John Calvin, Protestant religious leader, founder of Calvinism.

1830

Camille Pissarro, French painter.

1834

James Abbott McNeill Whistler, painter.

1871

Marcel Proust, French novelist (Remembrance of Things Past).

1875

Mary McLeod Bethune, educator, founder of Bethune-Cookman College and the National Council of Negro Women.

1905

Ivie Anderson, jazz singer.

1915

Saul Bellow, writer.

1920

David Brinkley, broadcaster.

1927

David Dinkins, first African-American mayor of New York City.

1931

Alice Munro, Canadian writer (Open Secrets, Friend of my Youth).

1933

Jerry Herman, songwriter.

1943

Arthur Ashe, American tennis player.

1947

Folk singer Arlo Guthrie ("Alice's Restaurant," "City of New Orleans"), son of Woody Guthrie.

1965

Alexia, princess of Greece and Denmark.

1980

Adam Petty, race driver, first fourth-generation driver in NASCAR history; his death in 2000 contributed to NASCAR's decision to mandate a kill switch on steering wheels.