The Supreme Court decision in Engel v. Vitale banned this from public schools.

  • Corporal punishment
  • Segregated transportation
  • State-sponsored prayers
  • State-sponsored single-sex education

Today in History: Born on August 22

1647

Denis Papin, inventor of the pressure cooker.

1880

George Herriman, cartoonist, creator of Krazy Kat.

1891

Jacque Lipchitz, sculptor.

1893

Dorothy Parker, poet, satirist and founding member of the Algonquin Round Table.

1904

Deng Xiaoping, Chinese leader from 1977 to 1987, held nominal leadership position until his death in 1997.

1908

Henri Cartier-Bresson, photographer.

1917

John Lee Hooker, blues singer and guitarist.

1920

Ray Bradbury, science fiction writer whose works include Fahrenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles.

1934

H. Norman Schwarzkopf, American general and commander of the coalition forces during the Persian Gulf War.

1935

Annie Proulx, Pulitzer Prize–winning author (The Shipping News).

1938

Delmar Allen "Dale" Hawkins, pioneer rockabilly singer/songwriter ("Suzy Q").

1939

Valerie Harper, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Rhoda).

1940

Anthony Crosthwaite-Eyre, English publisher.

1942

Kathy Lennon, singer, member of the Lennon Sisters.

1943

Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist who helped develop the Intel 4004, the world's first commercial microprocessor.

1947

Donna Godchaux, singer with The Grateful Dead and Heart of Gold Band.

1950

I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney during the administration of Pres. George W. Bush; sentenced to 30 months for felony convictions, his sentence was commuted by Pres. Bush.

1968

Rich Lowry, editor of National Review.

1970

Giada De Laurentiis, chef and television host.

1986

Keiko Kitagawa, Japanese model and actress (Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon, The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift).