The Supreme Court decision in Engel v. Vitale banned this from public schools.

  • Corporal punishment
  • Segregated transportation
  • State-sponsored prayers
  • State-sponsored single-sex education

Today in History: Born on July 12

0100

Gaius Julius Caesar, Roman general and statesman.

1817

Henry David Thoreau, essayist, naturalist and poet (Walden).

1854

George Eastman, photography pioneer.

1884

Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor.

1895

Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian opera singer.

1895

R. Buckminster Fuller, architect and engineer.

1904

Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet and political activist (Residence on Earth).

1908

Milton Berle, comedian, actor.

1917

Andrew Wyeth, American painter.

1934

Van Cliburn, American concert pianist.

1937

Bill Cosby, comedian, actor.