Confederate Flag

Confederate Flag


Information and Articles About The Confederate Flag, a Civil War Flag from The American Civil War


First Confederate National Flag

Bonnie Blue flag, an unofficial banner of the Confederate States of America at the start of the war
Bonnie Blue flag, an unofficial banner of the Confederate States of America at the start of the war
First Confederate National Flag, 7 stars
First Confederate National Flag, 7 stars
First Confederate National Flag, 13 stars
First Confederate National Flag, 13 stars

The first official Confederate National Flag was based on the U.S. flag. It had a large red bar at the top and one at the bottom, with a broad white bar between. In an upper corner a blue box contained seven stars, for the seven states that constituted the whole of the Confederacy at the time it was designed; eventually, it would have 11 stars, including one each for Kentucky and Missouri though those states never seceded from the Union. Its appearance gave it the nickname “Stars and Bars.” The flag was first used officially at the inauguration of Jefferson Davis on March 4, 1861.

At the First Battle of Manassas (First Battle of Bull Run), Confederate commanders discovered the Stars and Bars bore too similar a resemblance to the Stars and Stripes; when furled, the two were easily confused. This situation nearly led the Southern commander, Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard, to order a retreat because he mistakenly thought arriving Confederate reinforcements were Union troops. With these reinforcements, Beauregard won the battle he had almost withdrawn from.

Confederate Battle Flag

Confederate Battle Flag of the Army of Northern Virginia
Confederate Battle Flag of the Army of Northern Virginia

Following that incident, Beauregard urged the government to adopt a national flag that could not be mistaken for the U.S. flag on the battlefield. When his proposal was rejected, he recommended having a separate battle flag. The one chosen had a red background crisscrossed by a blue X that contained 13 white stars and was based on a rejected proposal for the Confederacy’s national flag. It was square—48 inches square for the infantry, 36 for the artillery and 30 inches square for the cavalry. It may have been produced in a rectangular shape as well. It was first carried in battle in December 1861, but it was the flag of the Army of Northern Virginia and used more commonly in the Eastern Theater than in the Western, where the first Confederate national flag was used throughout the war. Variations of the battle flag were incorporated into some regimental flags, both East and West, as well.

The battle flag is the most recognized Confederate flag—the most widely recognized of all flags of the Civil War apart from Old Glory—and has become the single most identifiable symbol of the Confederacy. It is often flown by the Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacists, which has made it a controversial and divisive symbol that represents racial oppression to some and Southern heritage to others. Today, it is more likely to be a rectangle than a square.

Second Confederate National Flag

Second Confederate National Flag
Second Confederate National Flag

In a way, Beauregard won his argument for a new national flag, albeit belatedly. In the spring of 1863, the Confederate Congress, after much debate, approved a new design. This rectangular flag would be totally white except for a replica of the square battle flag in the upper left corner, descending about three-quarters of the way to the bottom. Called the “Stainless Banner,” it also caused problems. When not fully unfurled, the large area of white gave it the appearance of a flag of truce. This version of the flag draped the casket of Confederate lieutenant general Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, so it is also sometimes called the “Jackson Flag.”

Third Confederate National Flag

Third Confederate National Flag
Third Confederate National Flag

The third and final national flag of the Confederacy was adopted on March 4, 1865, just weeks before the war ended. To eliminate the possibility of the flag being mistaken for a flag of truce or surrender, a broad, vertical red bar was added to the front edge of the second national flag. Because it was adopted when the war was nearly over, this flag saw little use, but it flew over some buildings and Southern ships before the official adoption date.



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42 Responses to Confederate Flag

  1. Wheezy says:

    Thank you so much for this enlightening article. I somehow knew (as bad as I am at history) that there was more to the Confederate Flag than what we’ve been led to believe today…. and this article proves that fact.

    Why, why, why would folks take what the Klu Klux Klan did with that honored flag and make THAT the “true” purpose of the flag…. when that wasn’t it’s intended purpose to begin with?

    It’s like taking the symbol of God’s beautiful rainbow and defiling it’s true and original God-given purpose as a promise not to destroy the earth with flood again. It’s now become the symbol of the homosexual community, but it was never intended for that purpose. A rainbow still remains the God-given promise and nothing more.

    The Confederate flag is an honorable flag with an honorable beginning. It was never meant for the KKK. They merely repurposed it for their own evil intentions. That doesn’t make the flag itself evil and it shouldn’t be reflected as evil just because of that.

    It’s really sad that folks don’t want to investigate truth anymore. They just accept what they’re told and believe that as the truth – when it’s not the truth at all.

    Sometimes a rainbow is just a rainbow, like sometimes a flag is just a flag… and nothing more.

    • the confederate flag was the flag that represented the men who were willing to give their life in a war just to keep blacks in slavery there is no honor in that the KKK had nothing to do with that they only made things worst for the flag once they adopted it

      • Wheezy says:

        The article is just talking about the flag itself and the reason it was first created was to distinquish itself from the American Flag. It wasn’t created for any other purpose. If the KKK had not used the flag as their symbol, blacks wouldn’t be so alarmed by it today.

        Especially when you realize the KKK was hanging black folks all through the South, particularly Alabama. How can you say the slavery issue is worse than cold-blooded murder? Neither should be, but murder is far worse and the KKK did most definitely take advantage of the situation and the flag for that very purpose.

        …… The Civil War had a whole lot more to do with, than just slavery issues, though slavery was a large part of it, I’ll grant you that, but what came out of that Civil War was our emerging government and a more perfect union as stated in the Constitution.

        There comes a point in life where you have to move beyond the past injustices, rather than dwelling upon them. Otherwise, you’ll never move forward.

      • they didn’t need to distinguish themselves though they were americans the flag is a representation of a culture that promotes hate (southern americans) it holds no honor nor does the american flag and you can say there was other little factors that led up to the civil war but the fact remains that the shit was about keeping blacks as slaves and how are we suppose to move on when whites haven’t? racism is still around ESPECIALLY in the south so why is it that we should forget the horrible things white people did to our ancestors but white people shouldn’t forget or even discontinue the way their ancestors use to think?

      • Lancer says:

        Says you with the denigrating screen name. Stereo-typification is what blacks complain about and all that hate directed toward them. We’ll look at your stereo-typifying remarks and the hate you spew. YOU ARE A RACIST.

      • Michael S says:

        its a battle flag of treason!

      • Wheezy says:

        We all have a right to opinion, but that doesn’t mean the opinion is factual. You know nothing of “treason” and what that really means. “Treason” can only be formed on the high seas, by legal definition and only against an established country with a government in place. Legally, the American government was not even yet formed at that time, so you can’t call a flag “treasonous” if there was no country formed to make treason against.

      • Michael S says:

        Are you saying that America was not a country in 1860? LOL hahahaha hmm Lincoln was the 16th president what was he president of? SUPER FREAKING DUH! LOL On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, declared the independence of “the United States of America” in the Declaration of Independence. July 4 is celebrated as the nation’s birthday.

      • Wheezy says:

        No… I’m not saying that America had not established a small formation of government, but I wouldn’t say it was a firmly established government either. As you said, it was mostly for the purpose of declaring independence from England. However, signing a Constitution while many states were in disagreement with the established government seems a bit premature as well. The Constitutional signing was mostly for the organizing of the colonized northern states anyway.
        I’m certainly not condoning the southern slavery practices by any means. That never should have taken place, but for it to have created such a divide in the nation resulting in a civil war was not the way it should have been handled either. It’s a sad and miserable chapter in our history, but harping on it the reality of it will not heal our land or our hearts. There comes a point where you have to let things go. That’s where forgiveness comes into play. I don’t mean to get to sounding preachy here, but it applies. Jesus Himself declared, “If you will not forgive others their trespasses, then neither will your Heavenly Father forgive you yours.”

      • Michael S says:

        Yea I heard they still teach that crap in the south> LOL

      • Wheezy says:

        Are you referencing the Bible? If so, “that ‘crap'” you’re referring to were words spoken by my personal Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, so I guess that would make you an official God-hater, since Jesus Himself said, “He that is not with me is against me.”

        Most people who openly declare indifference for spiritual things, and particularly toward God’s inspired Holy Word, are usually fighting a battle within themselves and God. That’s a dangerous place to be in Michael, since God, being Creator of the universe, is the “judge, jury and executioner” over all men’s souls.

        Feeling such strong defensiveness over a lack of faith is really essentially declaring a one-ship or union with Satan, because Satan opposes all things of God and mocks Him continually, as you just did. Do you really want to align yourself with Satan? You might want to re-think that. That’s not a good position to be in.

      • Michael S says:

        I was referring to this YOU wrote this above ——> but I wouldn’t say it was a firmly established government either You wrote the excuse the south gave for becoming traitors to the America! and here you repeat them today! LOL Bible has jack nothing to do with the racist south history!

      • Ian Price says:

        They do and when you come from a Southern Background I think it is BS with we get suspended for having a confederate hat on or on your phone or chromebook

      • Application User says:

        The Civil War was about states rights. Most Southerners didn’t have slaves. Read what Abraham Lincoln said about slavery and the war. He couldn’t care less about anything except preserving the Union. How come nobody says anything about the founding fathers and their slaves?
        Most Southerners now don’t care about slavery. They care a lot about the government staying out of their business. Same as it ever was.

      • Michael S says:

        But then why do southern states take way more then they put into the federal goverment? and stay the poorest states in America? could it be they keep conservitive policy works? LOL

      • Joel Reid says:

        You know not a single Democrat voted to free slaves (Lincoln was a Republican by the way). Not a single Democrat voted to integrate schools. Do you really want to go there? The south is poor because liberals figured out once again how to subjugate the black man. Up until the democrats started their handouts, 43% of all inner city blacks owned a private business. Now? 5% or less. How are conservatives responsible for poverty in areas that are predominantly democrat? Chew on that a bit.

      • Michael S says:

        The democrats in the south and the republicans were both racists and remained so until the 1950″s and then the Democrats kicked the racists in the south to the curb the Republcans hugged them and have sold them a line of crap for 60 Years now! LOL thats why they are poor and will remain poor on 7.25 and hour! Get into today not the days of the Republicans of 160 years ago all in the north! DUH!

      • Michael S says:

        What freakin planet are you on? every Democrats in the North was for freeing the slaves. It was a segment of the nation that was not the SOUTH. democrats and Republicans! learn some history! get into today not 160 years ago! its the today that we live in and its Republcans who still insist on screwing all non whites! 2017! and in 40 years if you are alive and are a minority you and your children will most likely get a taste of the majority such as blacks and hispanics shoving your crap down your throat and your childrens and grandchildrens throat! DUH! The South were treasonous
        Americans who spit on the American flag and went to war with America! facts suck!

      • Chad Melerowicz says:

        Retarded…absolutely retarded…you must have went to retarded school to let that retarded nonsense fall from your retarded gob.

      • Kevin Garry says:

        Abraham Lincoln hated slavery but his main goal was to first preserve the union, he left many of his thoughts on paper and most still survive .

      • From Renee says:

        Spot on.

      • Timothy Adams says:

        My family never owned anyone. Yet because of States Rights they went off to war .It’s only now that everyone seems to know what was on the minds of those who fought and died

    • Roxanne Cook says:

      Amen… it’s just political posturing from the left… divide and conquer – I think not!

    • thomkat says:

      History is NOT History unless its The Truth, Negros also fought in The war on THE CSA side not as Slaves but free men . I was schooled in the 1960s that UNCLE TOM CABIN was total fictional.. Today it is taught as Nonfiction.The war issue was and it still is today The 10th amendment States Rights. Every decade States (people) Rights vanishes To a SUPER Controlling Powerful Central Government.
      American by Birth… Southern by The Grace of God!!

  2. Kat says:

    Most southern flags you see are the battle flag. This flag came about because of the civil war yet, Southerners have been around for much longer. I find Southerners to be genuinely good people with great food and hospitality. I can’t for the life of me figure out why someone would want to distinguish themselves with a battle flag from a lost war.

    • John Stinnett says:

      Kat you don’t know Southerners then. Loyalty to the confederacy still courses through our veins.

      • Kat says:

        I’ve been married to a Southerner for 33 years. I know them well as I worked in the south for 25 years. None of the Southerners I know think much of the battle flag and certainly don’t wave it. That flag was created for the Civil War, and it wasn’t the only Southern flag created, but it represents the legal ownership of slaves only. The South lost the Civil War. By waving the battle flag you are claiming you agree with slavery, period. I think many Southerners are taught a much different narrative from their parents.

      • Timothy Adams says:

        Bullshit. That banner was used by my high school and not once did I ever consider it a banner for slavery.

      • Carolyn Walston says:

        Exactly Ma’am! You don’t know how correct you are. The Last Variation of the Confederate Flag isn’t a Copy of the “Battle Flag of Northern Virginia.” The Battle Flag was square and if you asked a lot of Southerner’s what the Battle Flag even represents, they probably wouldn’t even know. I’m originally from the South and I lived in Duluth, MN for 12 years and they hold no grudges against the South. The Civil War wasn’t initially over Slavery either, it was over Tariff Taxes and those of the North wanted all the States at that time to be solely governed by the Northern States. At that point the South Seceded from the United Sates that existed at that time. The 13 Navy Blue Stars represents the first 13 Colonies and the White Cross represents (X) Cross us Out of the U.S.

      • Chad Melerowicz says:


      • thomkat says:

        The War was not fought over Slavery, it was only one of the issues . Lincoln suspended The Constitution in Order to wage war against the CSA. Lincoln freed the Northern slaves Three Months after The war ended. Yes Northern states had slaves, but could not buy or sell them , They were grandfathered in. War issue was and still is THE 10TH AMENDMENT .. read it and think of Our Federal Government. How unconstitutional it is.

    • thomkat says:

      The cause of The separation is still on going . THE 10th AMENDMENT Every Election the issue comes up STATES RIGHTS 75 % of The Federal Government is unconstitutional!

  3. skarlet monroe says:

    y’all dont know anything the southerners did not wanting slavery but yet we are being blamed for it and that it not always the white peoples fult so you need to learn more about the history behind this flag before you start judging on it cause this is nothing but BULL SHIT and DISRESPECT to so many southerners in this world.

    • Grimlock1972 says:

      I would agree to agree. Most southerners probably would not have been affected by the loss of slaves as they were buy in large poor farmers. It was often said of the U.S. Civil war that it was a Rich man’s war but a poor man’s fight. this was especially true in the confederacy as it was the wealthy minority that stood to gain the most from the continuation of slavery as they owned the vast majority of them.

      • thomkat says:

        Were you aware of The Black Regiments that fought on The CSA side were freed slaves

      • John says:

        Are you sure that you have not gotten this crossed with the Black Reg of the U.S.A.? They had volunteered to fight yet the horses were treated better than they were. The army dressing them with ill fitting and improper clothing and shoes, received no training and were treated like slaves with all of the nasty assignments. Then a young white lt or capt took charge of the until and helped turn it around. Their story was told in the movie GLORY. See the movie first or read the written history on these men first. But do read the written history.

  4. Grimlock1972 says:

    The Confederate Battle Flag might have gone down in history as little more than just another historic relic of the U.S. Civil war but the KKK adopted it as their emblem and forever tainted it with evil, hate and racial prejudice. Due to the infamy and notoriety the KK brought to this flag it is most often called the confederate flag and its accursed pall overshadows the true national flags of the confederacy.

    • thomkat says:

      fully agree I hold The Stars and Bars as My southern Pride Flag. CSA was not about hate but The 10th Admendment STATES RIGHTS

  5. Dolphin James says:

    I was born in new York but raised in Tampa Florida home of the worlds largest confederate battle flag. Just because i fly this flag doesn’t make me racist. My family came over from Germany way after the civil war and no we didn’t kill any jews either. History is history and you can’t change it

  6. John says:

    I was born in extreme south of Miss., have live here all of my life and will continue to do so. I’m very proud of how far Miss. has come in race relation in my life time. I grew up in the 50’s/60’s I’m part, by virtue of the time, of some of this history.
    Let’s talk about Senator Stennis. Born in 1901, He was a prosecutor from 1932 to 1937 & a circuit judge from 1937 to 1947, both for Miss.’s Sixteenth Judicial District. In the south in those years both positions held a heavy hand over people of color. Example: As a prosecutor, he sought the conviction & execution of three blk sharecroppers who were accused of murdering a w/m. Their murder confessions had been extracted by torture, including flogging & hanging one by the throat on a tree. The transcript of the trial indicated Stennis was fully aware that the suspects had been tortured. But NOTHING indicates that he had any hand in or ordered the torture, just condoned it after the fact as did the judge in the case. See Brown vs Mississippi, U.S. Supreme Court 1936.
    Stennis, federal legislative career 1952 -1988, was a strong supporter of racial segregation. He signed the Southern Manifesto, which called for resistance to the Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Civil Rights Act of 1968, voted against the establishment of Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a holiday. In July 1948, the Senate voted on anti-poll tax (used to prevent people of color from voting) legislation, Stennis stating that Congress did not have the constitutional authority to enact such a measure. In May 1958, responding to President Eisenhower’s placing the Arkansas National Guard under federal control and sending in the 101st Airborne Division who escorted and protected nine black students’ entry to the all-white public school Little Rock Central High School, Stennis announced he had challenged the legality of guardsmen placement there. (This type of challenge occurred across the south with Democrat governors standing in school doorways all to prevent segregation)
    Was Stennis an evil white supremacist racist? By the standards set by the liberal, leftist Democrats of today, the ones trying to rewrite history, he would be. Sad, because like so, so many others his life was more than these bits of history. Anything he may have or have not done later in life doesn’t matter. Stennis was simply a product of his time. Now if the liberals, liberal Democrats and those trying to erase southern history based on a person’s brief time in one moment of their history will be honest that ALL so called racist, white supremacists statues & people should be removed and erased from history this STENNIS flag will be removed from any consideration and all statues, public photos and references to the senator should be torn down and removed. Forget any good that he may have also done in his life time.
    **The Confederate battle flag. As someone said here, it was a piece of cloth that might have gone down in history as little more than just another historic relic of the U.S. Civil war but, thru no fault of its own, the KKK (created by and dominated by Democrats) adopted it as their emblem and forever tainted it with evil, hate and racial prejudice. Stennis being human, had the ability to change over time, but the flag being a cotton cloth, had no choice as to whether it was to be used for good or evil. So, which should be erased from history and the public square? The man that could make his own decisions about good and evil or the flag that has no ability to decide how it is used, up to and including being abused by evil men for evil? **If you leave this man and his reconsideration how do you justify removing statues of other men of like time and thought? Contrary to popular belief the Civil war was about states’ rights NOT slavery. The emancipation proclamation had no legal effect on slavery because its scope only referred to the southern states who were no longer a part of the U.S. Lincoln signed this for only one reason, hoping that the slaves, in the south, would revolt and join the union arm. In conclusion history is history it can not be erased only learned from and hopefully not repeated.

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