Battle of the Bulge: U.S. Army 28th Infantry Division's 110th Regimental Combat Team Upset the German Timetable | HistoryNet

Battle of the Bulge: U.S. Army 28th Infantry Division’s 110th Regimental Combat Team Upset the German Timetable

6/12/2006 • World War II

August 1944 was a disastrous month for the Third Reich. In the West, American, British and Canadian armies had driven the Wehrmacht out of France and back to the Siegfried Line. In the East, the situation was even worse. Army Group Center, defending eastern Poland, was smashed by the Soviet summer offensive, and now a torrent of vengeful Red Army soldiers were pouring westward to the borders of Germany itself.

Radical action was needed if Adolf Hitler was going to have any chance to dramatically alter the course of the war. An early winter offensive in the East would be of little value. Not only would the climate and topography probably defeat such a thrust, but even if it succeeded, at most it would only result in the destruction of 25 or so Soviet divisions and limited territorial gains. In view of the size of the forces the Russians had at their disposal, such a success would have little effect on the overall situation in the East.

In Western Europe, however, things were not so bleak. An offensive launched through the wooded Ardennes region could provide the Führer with the decisive results he needed. In perhaps the Third Reich’s greatest triumph, it was there in 1940 that General Heinz Guderian had punched a hole through the French lines, crossed the Meuse River below Sedan and raced to the sea in just two weeks. The Ardennes thus had a certain emotional attraction. Furthermore, the American troops who now defended the region had yet to fight in a winter campaign and, if the attack could be organized quickly and launched early enough in the winter months, the weather could markedly reduce the effectiveness of Allied air cover.

All factors seemed to point to the Ardennes as the place for the Germans to launch their last great offensive. Having decided upon his course, Hitler began to strip away badly needed units from the Eastern Front and comb the Reich for additional manpower to bring his battered formations up to strength. He also hoarded precious fuel and armored vehicles. Aware that surprise was a critical component to success, the Germans carried out these preparations with the utmost secrecy.

Through stinginess and stealth, during the fall of ’44, the Führer was able to assemble a strike force whose size and strength had not been seen by German soldiers for years. As a final gesture to convince the Allies that the Germans had no plan for an offensive, Hitler’s last gamble was dubbed Operation Wacht am Rhein (Watch on the Rhine).

The Führer‘s plan called for two panzer armies, the Fifth and Sixth–consisting of seven armored, one parachute and eight Volksgrenadier divisions–to punch through three American infantry divisions, the 99th, 106th and 28th, which were spread along the Ardennes’ border with Germany.

After breaching the American line, the two panzer armies were to drive northwestward to the Belgian port of Antwerp and the sea, splitting the Allied line in two. Two other German armies, the Fifteenth and Seventh, would protect the northern and southern flanks of the principal German advance. Hitler hoped that such a blow would split the unity of the Allied alliance and cause it to crumble or, at the very least, so disrupt the Western Allies’ advance that he would be able to shift badly needed forces to the East to counter the Communist threat.

One of the principal units in the operation was General Heinrich von Lüttwitz’s XLVII Panzer Corps of General Hasso von Manteuffel’s Fifth Panzer Army. Lüttwitz’s panzer corps was to breach the American lines between the small towns of Marnach and Weiler, seize two main roads that ran east-west through those towns and cross the Clerf River on the offensive’s first day. After cracking the American line, Lüttwitz’s tanks were to pass through the crossroads city of Bastogne on the second day and seize the bridges over the Meuse just south of Namur and Dinant. In addition to the territorial objectives, Lüttwitz was instructed to support General Josef ‘Sepp’ Dietrich’s Sixth Panzer Army drive to Antwerp and the sea. The keys to the operation, in Hitler’s mind, were speed and audacity, just as they had been in 1940.

Unlike many other formations at this late stage of the war, the XLVII Panzer Corps was made up entirely of army divisions. Lüttwitz’s command consisted of the 2nd Panzer, Panzer Lehr and 26th Volksgrenadier divisions. The 2nd was highly regarded by many in the German army because it was one of the Wehrmacht‘s three original experimental panzer divisions. Since the start of the war it had seen extensive service in France and Russia before being removed from the maelstrom to rest and refit early in 1944.

After being reconstituted, the 2nd was assigned to the defense of the West Wall. Between June and August 1944, the 2nd took part in the fighting in Normandy’s bocage country, only to be pushed back by superior Allied forces, encircled and nearly destroyed during the ensuing campaign. Following the disastrous Normandy battles, what remained of the division was judiciously pulled out of the lines and sent to Wittlich, in the Schnee-Eifel area of Germany. Once in the rear, the division received new equipment and absorbed the remains of the 352nd Infantry Division, which had also been destroyed during the brutal fighting in France.

Just two days before the operation was supposed to begin, the reconstituted division was put under the command of Colonel Meinrad von Lauchert. Although Lauchert was an able officer who had served in the Panzertruppen since 1924, he had little time to acquaint himself with his surroundings and had not even had an opportunity to meet with all of his regimental commanders prior to the attack.

Panzer Lehr was another one of the Wehrmacht‘s premier divisions. Officially formed on January 10, 1944, in the Nancy-Verdun area of France from various armored training and demonstration units, Panzer Lehr had received its baptism of fire against the Soviets in Hungary. After helping to temporarily slow Soviet advances in the East, the division had been rushed back to France to try to stem the tide of British and American forces rampaging across Normandy. One of the strongest armored formations of the German army, Panzer Lehr fought the Allies at Caen and St. Lô until, like the 2nd, it escaped from the Falaise Pocket and was pulled out of the lines to be reconstituted. For Wacht am Rhein, the division was put under the stewardship of its original commander, Lt. Gen. Fritz Bayerlein.

The final weapon in General Lüttwitz’s arsenal was the 26th Volksgrenadier Division, which was assigned the task of infiltrating American positions and creating gaps large enough to allow Panzer Lehr to pass through to Bastogne and the Meuse unhindered. The 26th Volksgrenadier had its origins in the 26th Infantry Division. After that unit was virtually destroyed in the vicious battles in Russia in September 1944, the surviving members of the division were shipped to western Poland to the Warthelager training area to rest and refit. There, the division was reconstituted with what remained of the 582nd Infantry Division, along with new recruits and personnel combed from the ranks of the navy and air force. In order to inspire the men of this ad hoc command, as well as the many other German divisions being formed from the pieces and parts of other shattered divisions, in 1944 Hitler dubbed these new formations Volksgrenadiers (people’s grenadiers). The new 12,000-man 26th Volksgrenadier Division was given to Maj. Gen. Heinz Kokott, a sturdy and meticulous veteran of many campaigns.

Over Hitler’s initial objections, General Manteuffel declined the opportunity of preceding his attack with a lengthy bombardment. It was Manteuffel’s intention to achieve surprise at the start of the offensive by having his infantry infiltrate through the forward American positions before sunlight. Once in place, these men could quickly take the American strongpoints and clear a path for following units. After the American positions were taken, the tanks would roll through and race to the sea unchecked. General Kokott highlighted Manteuffel’s intent in his orders to his subordinate commanders: ‘Success or failure of the operation depends on an incessant and stubborn drive to the west and northwest. The forward waves of the attack must not be delayed or tied down by any form of resistance….Bastogne should fall on the second day of the operation or at least be encircled by then.’

Standing in Lüttwitz’s way were the men of the U.S. Army 28th Infantry Division’s 110th Regimental Combat Team (RCT). The 110th RCT consisted of the 110th Infantry Regiment and attached units. The whole team was commanded by Colonel William Hurley Fuller, a cantankerous Regular Army officer and World War I veteran who was out to redeem himself. A few months before, during the Normandy campaign, Fuller had commanded a regiment in the 2nd Infantry Division. When his regiment failed to reach its assigned objectives as ordered, Fuller was relieved of command. Once Paris was liberated, however, Fuller was able to convince his old comrade in arms, Lt. Gen. Troy Middleton, commander of the VIII Corps, to give him another chance. Middleton, who was forced to find replacement commanders for a number of regiments, gave Fuller command of the 110th Infantry Regiment in late November 1944 after its commander, Colonel Theodore Seeley, was wounded. In December the 110th RCT consisted of three rifle battalions; Company B, 109th Field Artillery Battalion; Battery C, 687th Field Artillery; Company B, 103rd Engineers; Company B, 103rd Medical Battalion; Company B, 630th Tank Destroyer Battalion; and Battery A, 447th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion.

The 28th Division had formerly been a component of the Pennsylvania National Guard. After mobilization, the division had been trained for participation in the invasion of France. On July 22, 1944, six weeks after D-Day, the 28th was shipped to France and quickly sent to the front. It fought with distinction throughout the Normandy campaign and, on August 29, had the privilege of representing the United States during celebration ceremonies marking the liberation of Paris. The men of the division did not have an opportunity to enjoy the City of Light, however. After marching through Paris they were immediately sent to the front. Once outside of Paris, the 28th, now under the command of Maj. Gen. Norman D. Cota, resumed its eastward journey. On September 7 the division rolled into Luxembourg, crossed the Our River south of Clervaux and became the first Allied division to breach Germany’s vaunted Siegfried Line.

The 28th was then moved to the vicinity of Rott, on the western edge of the Hürtgen Forest. As it assimilated new recruits, the division was assigned the job of capturing Schmidt and the forests surrounding the town. The 9th Division had tried to secure the area a few weeks earlier and had been massacred. Following the 9th’s failure, the 28th was sent into the breach and, unsupported by other First Army units, received a similar treatment from the forest’s German defenders.

After its bloodletting in the Hürtgen, the 28th Division was sent to the Ardennes, which Supreme Allied Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower considered to be a quiet area where new divisions could receive experience and battle-weary units could rest. There, what was left of the division began to take in thousands of new recruits to replace the casualties lost during the summer and fall campaigns. But although the Ardennes was considered a quiet sector, the men still held positions on the front line. The 28th’s portion of the front was a 25-mile-long sector that was more than three times the area an infantry division was normally expected to defend. The 110th was assigned the vulnerable center section of the line. To make the task even more challenging, the regiment held this portion of the front with only two of its three battalions, the 1st and 3rd. The regiment’s remaining battalion, the 2nd, was held behind the lines at Donnange and Wiltz, where it served as the division’s only infantry reserve.

The bulk of the 110th was deployed along the St. Vith-Oiekirch Highway. Known to the Americans as ‘Skyline Drive,’ the highway was a hard-surfaced road that ran parallel to the Luxembourg-German border and overlooked the Our River and Germany to the east and the Clerf River and Luxembourg to the west. Along this road, which ran about two miles from each river, Colonel Fuller deployed his two battalions along a series of strongpoints: Company A, 110th, held Heinerscheid; three machine-gun crews from Company D held Reuler; Company B and five 57mm towed cannons from the 630th Tank Destroyer Battalion held Marnach; Companies K and B, 103rd Engineers, held Hosingen; Company L held Holzthum; and Company I held Weiler. Most of these towns, except for Hosingen, were on roads that ran east-west from the Our River and the German lines to the American rear. Believing that they were in a quiet area and that the Germans were too battered to launch an attack of their own, Fuller allowed his men to occupy their positions during the daylight hours and to retire to warmer quarters in the evening. During the hours of darkness, the forward American positions were only lightly held.

Behind these strongpoints were Fuller’s reserves. At the resort town of Clervaux was the 110th’s command post, Headquarters Company, Supply Company, some of Cannon Company and Companies D and B of the 103rd Medical Battalion. Company C was in Munshausen, Companies M and A of the 447th Anti-Aircraft Artillery were in Consthum, and the 109th Field Artillery and Battery C of the 687th Field Artillery were deployed along the reverse slope of the ridge between Clervaux and Consthum.

All told, the 110th RCT numbered about 5,000 men on the evening of December 15, 1944. Across the Our River was Heinrich von Lüttwitz’s entire XLVII Panzer Corps, with 27,000 infantrymen and 216 tanks, assault guns or tank destroyers, which intended to smash through the 110th’s positions in one day, seize the Clerf River bridges intact and drive on to reach the Meuse two or three days later.

To seize control of the Our River, Manteuffel ordered his infantry battalions to go in first, crossing the Our in rubber boats in the early morning hours of December 16, when the American positions were manned by the fewest men. Once across the river, German soldiers would surround the forward American positions and attack soon after dawn. After these forward positions were seized, Manteuffel’s engineers would build a series of bridges over the Our to allow the mechanized units to cross. If all went according to plan, the armored battalions of the 2nd Panzer and Panzer Lehr would be across the Clerf River by the end of the first day and on their way to Bastogne and the Meuse by December 17 or 18.

Lüttwitz and his division commanders were confident that they could satisfy Manteuffel. They knew that their defenders across the river were spread thin. So weakly held was the American front that several reconnaissance patrols, unchallenged by sentries, had already crossed the Our, pinpointed enemy positions and marked infiltration lanes around them.

Soon after 1 a.m. on December 16, 1944, elements of the 304th Panzergrenadier Regiment from the 2nd Panzer Division and the 39th and 77th Volksgrenadiers from the 26th Volksgrenadier Division began their 20-yard crossing of the Our in small rubber boats. By 2 a.m., the Germans were across and headed west through the snow-covered, forested draws of the Our River valley toward their objectives. Quietly, skillfully, they approached to within 300 yards of the American defenses at Marnach, Hosingen, Holzthum, Weiler, Munshausen and Clervaux, surrounding them with squads, platoons, companies or–in Hosingen’s case–an entire battalion. Once they had worked themselves into position, the German formations sought cover and waited for the first shots of the artillery bombardment that signaled the beginning of the attack.

Just before dawn, the Germans began their artillery bombardment. Then around 7 a.m., after a brief period of calm, the German infantry who had infiltrated through the front lines began their assault. Well-coordinated attacks began to hit all of the 110th’s positions almost simultaneously.

Shivering lookouts from Company K, posted in a water tower in Hosingen, were startled to see an entire company of white-clad Germans from the 77th Volksgrenadiers charging across an open field to their front and trying to force their way into the town. Despite their surprise, the lookouts were able to alert their fellow GIs in positions around Hosingen. Soon the Americans were firing a .30-caliber machine gun, a Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) and M-1 rifles at the advancing enemy. The firing lasted only a few minutes before the Germans were forced to retreat back to the shelter of the woods.

It was the same across the 110th’s entire front. The Germans spilled out from cover, ‘coming out of the ground from all directions,’ as one American veteran put it. Most of those attacks, however, were quickly repulsed by the quick reaction of startled GIs along the front.

Despite their initial setback, however, the advancing Germans had been able to surround the 110th. Soon additional German infantrymen were coming to the front, increasing the pressure on the now isolated American positions. All along Skyline Drive the fighting was becoming more intense. So close had the action come that some artillerymen in batteries positioned between Munshausen and Consthum were engaged in close-quarter fighting. Although the artillerymen were able to successfully defend their positions, the distraction caused by the German attacks prevented them from supporting other hard-pressed American units. It was becoming clear to the American commanders that if the Germans could maintain the intensity of their attacks, there was no way the Americans’ strongpoints could continue to hold.

Back at regimental headquarters in Clervaux, Fuller was in a sour mood. His lines of communications to his forward outposts had been cut, and his headquarters was now under fire. Desperate for news of what was happening, Fuller quickly dispatched his executive officer, Lt. Col. Daniel Strickler, to get down to Consthum or Holzthum to find out what was going on in the 3rd Battalion’s sector. Fuller also managed to get word to General Cota that the Germans were making a major push against his command and that reinforcements were needed immediately. Cota informed Fuller that the division’s other regiments were also being hit and that he was reluctant to dispatch his few reserves until the situation became clearer.

Despite the shock of the early morning attack, the GIs of the 110th had been able to considerably slow the German advance. As a result, Lüttwitz’s soldiers failed to seize their assigned objectives on the morning of December 16 as expected. At that point 12 infantry companies from the 2nd Panzer Division were pinned down at Marnach by the 110th’s Company B and five 57mm cannons from the 630th Tank Destroyer Battalion. Twelve other companies from the 26th Volksgrenadier Division had been stopped at Hosingen by the 110th’s Company K and Company B, 103rd Engineers.

In the southern sector, meanwhile, Company I was holding out against five companies from the 26th Volksgrenadier Division at Weiler and Holzthum, and along the route assigned to Panzer Lehr the men of Company L were somehow managing to hold out against seven companies of attacking Volksgrenadiers.

After four more hours of desperate fighting, Cota determined that the main German effort was indeed aimed at Fuller’s units. He then decided to dispatch 16 Sherman tanks from the 707th Tank Battalion to help relieve Marnach, Hosingen and Holzthum. Aware that all that stood between the Germans and a potentially critical rupture of American lines was the 110th RCT, Cota passed down a chilling order to the officers and men of his–‘Hold your position at all costs.’

Departing Wiltz a little after 1 p.m., the Shermans from the 707th Tank Battalion rumbled toward the front in a staggered column. About a mile from the Clerf, at a slushy fork in the road, the first four tanks were ordered to bear to the right and head for Holzthum to reinforce Company L. Once this platoon crossed the Clerf, it was forced to run a gantlet of fire from a half dozen squads of the 39th Volksgrenadiers, which had set up along the tree-lined road with MG42s. Fighting their way through to Consthum, the tank platoon was ordered to continue on to Holzthum. In the confusion of battle the lead tank mistook an anti-tank gun from Company M, which was posted near a cafe on the western side of Holzthum, for a German gun and fired on it, killing or wounding most of its crew.

Meanwhile, the rest of the tank column had taken the left fork out of Wiltz and had crossed the Clerf at Drauffelt. After going another mile and a half, the column once again split at a fork in the road. The first four tanks headed down the right fork and fought their way into Hosingen; the remainder took the left fork and headed north to Munshausen and Marnach. Of these, half stayed in Munshausen to reinforce Company C, some anti-tank guns from Company D and the 1st Battalion’s headquarters. The other four tanks went on to Marnach, fighting their way through the surrounding German infantry.

Soon after dusk, the engineer battalions from the 2nd Panzer and Panzer Lehr divisions had, after considerable confusion and delay, finally completed the bridges over the Our at Dasburg and Gemund, and the assault guns began to cross. However, the delay caused by the slow construction of the bridges meant that, instead of making a 15-minute drive to the captured bridges over the Clerf as originally planned, the 216 tanks, assault guns and tank destroyers of Lüttwitz’s corps were now diverted to aid their infantry brethren in clearing the roads to Bastogne of the resolute men of the 110th Infantry.

General Manteuffel was not happy when he attempted to sum up the situation on the evening of December 16 to his superiors: ‘The Clerf was not reached at any point. The enemy was unquestionably surprised by the attack. He offered, however, in many places tenacious and brave resistance in delaying by skillfully fought combat tactics. His counterattacks, which started at once, partly supported by small armored groups, resulted in many points in critical situations….The tenacious resistance of the enemy, together with the road blocks placed…were the most essential reasons for the slowing of the attack whose timing was not going according to plan.’

Determined to regain lost time, the Germans did not cease their attacks when darkness came. At Marnach, the lead elements of the 2nd Panzer Regiment rolled in to support the stymied 304th Panzergrenadier Regiment with tanks and halftracks. The subsequent combined arms assault was fast, furious and decisive. The Germans attacked the town with the help of artificial moonlight–tanks mounting spotlights, which bounced their beams off the low-lying clouds, illuminating the battlefield. Four Shermans from the 707th Tank Battalion and five towed guns from the 630th Tank Destroyer Battalion were quickly knocked out. In addition, all of the infantrymen in Marnach were killed, captured or driven from the town.

Farther south at Hosingen, the stymied 77th Panzergrenadier Regiment was relieved by the 78th Panzergrenadiers and its assault guns so the 77th could push on to Drauffelt and secure the bridge over the Clerf as originally intended. In the dark, the 78th made a few probes but was unable to organize a full-scale attack until the next day.

As the Germans licked their wounds at Marnach and Holzthum, Cota decided to give Fuller the last of his available reserves. Companies F and H, 110th Infantry, and the last company from the 707th Tank Battalion, 18 Stuart light tanks, were dispatched to join the four remaining Shermans in Munshausen.

Fuller believed that Marnach was still holding out, and he assembled a force to relieve the beleaguered members of Company B on December 17. Four Shermans from the 707th and a hundred or so infantrymen from Company C were directed to attack Marnach from the south. Companies E and F, supported by machine guns from Company H, were to attack directly east up the road from Clervaux, and the 18 Stuart tanks from Company A were to swing down from the north from Heinerscheid.

Although Fuller began his counterattack with high hopes, the assault was a complete failure. The Stuarts were almost wiped out by ferocious German anti-tank fire. Only seven of the lightly armored tanks were able to escape, retreating back into Heinerscheid and into the arms of Company A. The infantry attack of Companies E, F and H was quickly repulsed by well-placed machine-gun fire, and the four Shermans coming up from Munshausen were driven back by German Mark IVs.

Once this local counterattack was thrown back, Lauchert ordered the 2nd Panzer forward to take Clervaux and the bridge across the Clerf. The Germans were now becoming impatient to get the operation moving again.

Lauchert’s reconnaissance battalion sped down the road first, followed by 10 Mark IVs and a few assault guns. Hanging onto the sides of the vehicle were infantrymen who had not become tangled up in the fierce small actions of the previous day. While the reconnaissance battalion pinned down the American force in Clervaux, Lauchert readied another, much more powerful force, to encircle the town and prevent the garrison from escaping. This second force was assembled on the western side of Marnach and consisted of the remainder of Lauchert’s Mark IVs, his 49 Panthers and the balance of his Panzergrenadiers.

Clervaux was not well situated for defense. It rested at the bottom of the Clerf River valley and was overlooked by a wooded ridgeline. The main north-south road bisected the town, and it was straddled on both sides by two- or three-story buildings and a few churches. The most prominent feature of Clervaux, on its northern edge, was a chateau with thick walls, which was strategically situated on a spur that ran off a wooded ridge that encircled the town.

Companies E, F and H, 110th Infantry, were the town’s principal defenders. Aware of the desperate nature of the situation, however, Fuller had also directed Headquarters Company–scouts, cooks and clerks, plus men from other units of the division who had been trapped in Clervaux when the offensive began–to grab whatever weapons were available and take up positions in the buildings throughout the town. The 707th Tank Battalion’s three remaining Shermans were deployed just outside of town. This gave Fuller, who was headquartered in the Hotel Claravallis on the northern edge of the town, about 450 men, three tanks and a few anti-tank guns to defend against Lauchert’s 5,000 infantry and 120 tanks and assault guns.

The battle for Clervaux could clearly become a bloody affair. Not wanting to become entangled in a vicious urban battle, the Germans hoped that, once encircled, the Americans would simply surrender. If they did not, however, the Germans knew that the town would have to be stormed, a costly proposition and one that the 2nd Panzer Division could ill afford. Fuller and the men of the 110th trapped in Clervaux, knew that surrender was not an option.

By the morning of the 17th, the leading vehicles of Lauchert’s reconnaissance battalion crested the ridge that overlooked Clervaux. After a quick review of the situation, the 2nd Panzer’s commander decided to bombard the low-lying town from the ridge while the 2nd Panzergrenadier Regiment conducted a dismounted double envelopment, capturing the crucial bridge and suppressing any enemy anti-tank fire.

While this force occupied the defenders, 16 armored vehicles would charge down the road to the bridge over the Clerf. From there, the tanks would continue on to the critically important crossroads town of Bastogne, with the reconnaissance battalion once again in the lead. Lauchert directed that while his forces moved in and around the town, artillery and mortar fire would rain down upon American strongpoints, especially upon the fortresslike chateau that dominated the landscape.

Soon German shells were raining down on the town. Instead of quickly surrendering as Lauchert hoped under this massive bombardment, however, Fuller’s command held out as best it could. Covered by direct and indirect artillery fire, Lauchert’s Panzergrenadiers were able to swing around both sides of the town, taking the ridge that overlooked the chateau. By 10 o’clock, they had secured the crossing for Lauchert’s tanks.

Desperate, Fuller called in what artillery he could from the division and ordered his four Shermans to come forward from the backside of the town to try to silence at least some of the assault guns, which were now among the buildings of the town and were cutting down his nearly defenseless men.

As the Shermans advanced through Clervaux, Sergeant Frank Kushnir exacted some revenge from the Germans who were now firing point-blank into American positions. Armed with a bolt-action M1903 Springfield sniper rifle in a tower of the chateau, Kushnir took the opportunity to kill a few careless Germans who were’smoking and joking’ outside their armored vehicles instead of safely inside with the hatches shut.

When the Shermans arrived on the eastern edge of the town, they fired a few times at the German tanks that were deployed along the ridge and then moved astride the road up through a snowy field. Their effort was of little value. Soon after moving into the field they were smashed by the combined fire of dozens of 75mm guns, which were posted on the heights above.

With the Shermans dispatched and the town in flames, Lauchert now ordered his main attack. The American position became even more tenuous as several German armored vehicles with supporting infantry charged down the road and invested the town from the east.

The struggle was becoming more intense. The Americans, however, refused to surrender, and the fighting moved like a tidal wave from street to street, house to house, room to room. While tanks clanked down the street, blasting American strongpoints at close range, dismounted Panzergrenadiers followed, pointing out targets to the tankers, guarding the flanks and rear of the armored vehicles and spraying the houses with rifle and machine-gun fire.

What the Germans had hoped would be a lightning-swift attack had now turned into a desperate, slow-moving fight where advances were measured in inches. The American soldiers fought desperately, but with so much enemy infantry now swarming through the town, they were unable to take out any of the tanks or assault guns that were destroying Clervaux one building at a time.

The fighting continued off and on all day. Still the Americans held the town. The Germans would push down a block, and the Americans would respond with a withering fire that would slow the advancing German infantry. The Germans would then call up supporting armored vehicles and push back the Americans. Although the Germans were slowly gaining the upper hand, they knew that by this time Lauchert’s Panthers were supposed to be moving out of Bastogne and heading north toward the Meuse. Instead of restoring the initiative to the German offensive, the 2nd Panzer was slugging it out with an ad hoc infantry battalion in Clervaux.

At 6:45, after fighting the Germans all day, Fuller sent his last message back to division. He requested that what remained of his battalion be allowed to retreat. Upon being told that this was not permissible and that he should fight on, Fuller responded that his command post was under direct enemy fire from German tanks and that he was going to try to get back to the division headquarters at Wiltz.

Totally cut off, overwhelmed and out of ammunition, the defenders of Clervaux now tried to escape from the battle area using the wooded draws around the town for cover. Fuller was forced to leave his second-story command post when a German tank began pumping artillery rounds into the first floor. There was no formal order of retreat. Fuller, what was left of his staff, and some wounded riflemen went out a back window of the hotel and climbed a cold steel ladder up the face of the windblown cliff that overlooked Clervaux. As they were exiting the building, they could hear the thud of German jackboots on the floor below.

The few GIs who had escaped the struggle now began to make their way westward as best they could. As the American defense disintegrated, Lauchert’s Panther Battalion, now two days behind schedule, began to roll through town and across the Clerf River. Fuller, without a command, tried to make his way westward. After a harrowing period of avoiding various German detachments, the unfortunate colonel was eventually captured. Unable to locate Fuller, Colonel Theodore Seeley returned to command what remained of the regiment.

Clervaux, however, was not yet completely in German hands. The chateau was still held by 50 or so stalwart souls under Captain Clark Mackey, commander of the 110th’s Headquarters Company, and Captain John Aiken, Fuller’s signal officer. All night long, as tanks of the 2nd Panzer Division raced west toward Bastogne, the Americans continued to fight.

Although the manpower was badly needed elsewhere, Lauchert was forced to leave an entire battalion behind to mop up opposition at the chateau. By the afternoon of December 18, totally out of ammunition and with the chateau burning and crumbling around them, the gallant defenders of ‘Fort Clervaux’ finally surrendered.

Kushnir volunteered to exit the building first. He held a prisoner in front of him to ensure that a vengeful German would not shoot him as he left the chateau. When he was not fired on, the rest of the Americans followed the sergeant out to surrender. Soon after surrendering, Kushnir remembered, ‘a German colonel asked the German sergeant who we had held as prisoner, ‘What was the treatment?’ ‘Well,’ the sergeant said, ‘they didn’t mistreat us, they fed us good, they took care of our wounded, and they also protected us within the chateau so we wouldn’t be under our own fire, you know.’ And then the colonel comes out in perfect English: ‘You men are so lucky. My intention was to shoot all of you for the dead comrades [who] are strung throughout the compound.”

Farther south, Panzer Lehr was now finally crossing the Clerf at Drauffelt. The long since bypassed American garrisons of Holzthum and Hosingen, still battling German formations left behind to finish them off, fought stubbornly from house to house before making the individual decision to either flee the battle area on the evening of December 17 or surrendered late on the morning of the 18th.

By the evening of the second day of the offensive, the only organized resistance east of the Clerf was in Consthum, where the 110th’s executive officer, Colonel Daniel Strickler, had assembled the scattered remnants of the 110th’s 3rd Battalion, the 447th Anti-Aircraft Battalion, and some 105mm howitzers from the 109th and 687th Field Artillery battalions along the ridges that flanked the town. With help from the rest of the 687th Field Artillery back at Wiltz, Strickler’s force now pounded the tanks and infantry of Panzer Lehr.

Strickler called in massive amounts of artillery fire on Bayerlein’s tanks and then as they passed through the town. ‘We killed off practically all of their infantry,’ Strickler later proudly recalled. ‘We just slaughtered their infantry who were with the tanks and following the tanks…we then brought up our artillery to the front lines and had them fire directly at the tanks coming down the road.’

Aware that he could not simply ignore this determined American force, Bayerlein was forced to detach badly needed tanks and men to subdue Strickler’s force. After a good deal of close-quarters fighting and many additional casualties, the Germans were finally able to subdue that Americans by nightfall.

With the fall of Consthum, the last strongpoint held by the 110th RCT was finally eliminated. Unlike Fuller, how-ever, Strickler was somehow able to avoid German patrols and make it back to Wiltz, where he was ordered by Cota to gather what troops remained and hold the enemy back as long as possible.

By December 19, the 28th Division had been swept from the map by the XLVII Panzer Corps. However, the units demise had not been in vain. Lüttwitz’s panzers were now three days behind schedule. The time that the Allies gained by the sacrifice of the 110th and the other elements of the 28th Infantry Division had allowed Eisenhower to rush reinforcements to the Ardennes. General Middleton could be happy with his decision to appoint Fuller to command the 110th. He later commented that ‘The 110th Infantry of the 28th Division, which was overrun by the attack, did a splendid job….It put up very stiff resistance for the three days. Had not this regiment put up the fight it did the Germans would have been in Bastogne long before the 101st Airborne reached that town.’ Colonel Fuller had been redeemed. Appropriately enough, when the XLVII Panzer Corps finally did reach Bastogne, fighting alongside the 101st in Bastogne was Team SNAFU, which was composed of individual members of the 28th Division who had been able to make their way back to American lines after their positions had been taken during the first three days of the German offensive.

Of the 5,000 officers and men of the 110th RCT who manned positions along Skyline Drive on the morning of December 16, only 532 officers and men were fit for duty after Hitler’s last great offensive had been defeated. Once the German offensive had been blunted and the Americans had a chance to catch their breath, the widely scattered elements of the 28th Division, including the 110th, which was now commanded by Strickler, were gathered together to reconstitute the division. In the spring of 1945, as the Allies went on the offensive all along the Western Front, the 28th was brought back up to strength with thousands of new replacements and sent to fight in the rugged Colmar Pocket. The division remained in combat until Germany surrendered in May 1945.

This article was written by Gary Schreckengost and originally appeared in the January 2001 issue of World War II.

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216 Responses to Battle of the Bulge: U.S. Army 28th Infantry Division’s 110th Regimental Combat Team Upset the German Timetable

  1. charles Callen says:

    My father was killed in Munshausen Lux, around the 16th or 17th of December 1944 during the battle of the bulge. He was in Company C, 110th Infranty Regiment. His name was PFC Windell E. Callen. He was buried in the church cemetery in Munshausen the first time then reburied in Foy Belgum, then reburied in Stratford Okla. Is there anywhere I can find a Morning Report or After Action report to determine how he was killed. I was his only son. Thank you

    • Rick Morris says:

      Charles, I’m not sure. I’m working hard to find battle reports. If I find something, I’ll post it here. Thanks for your father’s service. He will not be forgotten. And, I’m sorry for your loss at such a young age for you. We all owe your father, and you and your family a great debt of gratitude. I’m confident Mr. Callen has been with you your entire life.

      • Emma Smirz says:

        My Great, Great grandpa George VanDenBerg was at the battle of the bulge and lived but die when i was two. i would like to know if you might have his military records that you could send me via email. I would love to know the history of the great great grandpa i never really knew, but learned, and heard so much about as being a pure military brat.
        Thank you for your time to read this
        Emma Smirz

    • ralph stien says:

      ralph stein my uncle was there his death was reported on the 20th of dec he was a medic in the cannon company as close as I can figure out he was also in the church cementery there. he was buried at foy then returned to Rockford il in 1949. that is all that I have found so far. he was chester hudzinski.

  2. Tom Pinkston says:


    Company C of the 110th was deployed on the northeast corner of Munshausen in support of one of the 11oth’s cannon companies. They were overrun on the morning of the 16th by the 2nd Btln of the 2nd Panzer Div. Company C was able to protect the howitzers long enough such that their direct fire on the Germans cause many casualties. What was left of Company C displaced to the north moving along the Clerf river until they reached Clervaux and took up positions as the CPs security company. Most of Company C was lost during the defense of Clervaux. Rest easy in the sure knowledge that their sacrifice that morning allowed time for the 101st to take positions in Bastogne. Heroes in every sense of the word. Heartfelt condolences to you for the loss of your father.


    Tom Pinkston

    • Robert Schmidt says:


      My uncle Lloyd Croreau was at the Battle of the Bulge, but I don’t know which Division he was with. He may have been with Bradey in the Big Red One, or under Pattons Third Army. He was wounded there and caried a pied of shrpnel in his left arm from an expoling morter round the rest of his life. I would appreciate a responce form you ASAP.


      Rogert Edward Schmidt

  3. john e. kregel says:

    my father’s best friend was a wonderful person who passed away18 years ago. His name was George Jackson and I know he was from Michigan before the war. He served with the 110th but I have forgotten what Company he was with. I remeber as a child hearing him talk to my dad about the trenchfoot, the tree bursts, and places like Schmidt and the Hurtgen Forest. He also related a story about hearing and seeing a german jet fighter for the first time while using a field latrine! I know he was wounded and received the purple heart. He was one of the toughest individuals I have ever known and a pefect representation of the “dogface” in europe. If you could provide me with any more information than what I have it would be greatly appreciated! I would like to know exactly what unit he served in and what battles he paticipated in. Thanks!

  4. Mike Healy says:

    My second cousin Private Victor J. Mangin was killed in Munshaven sometime between the 15th and 20th of December. He was a member of the 110th. He was buried in Munshaven cemetery and the army was informed by the the parish priest in Munshaven of six bodies buried there and they were moved to Foy Belgium and he is now buried in Henri-Chappelle cemetery in Belgium.

    Sounds like the same action. Any further information is greatly appreciated.

    • Raynald Theberge says:

      Dear Mike Healy,
      My Uncle (Reynold A. Theberge) was a PFC in the 112th Infantry regiment of the 28th division. He died Aug. 7th, 1944 and is buried at the Brittany Cemetery in St. James, France.
      Can you please help me find out what company he was in and possibly where I could get copies of the field reports leading up to his being KIA?

  5. Mike Healy says:

    Looking thru the personnel records I have of Victor J. Mangin, I see the names of the six men buried together in the Munshausen cemetery. They are:

    Norman T. Hahs
    Richard J. Thorpe
    Nicholas Binder
    Wendell E. Callan
    Chester Hudzinski
    Victor J. Mangin

  6. Lisa Hogan says:

    Thank you for this thorough story of the 110th. My father fought in the Bulge with the 28th Div, 110th Infantry, Company I. He’s gone now and hardly spoke of the war, but reading this made it possible for me to practically trace his footsteps. I have learned a lot. I’m writing a book about his WWII experiences and giving a copy to each of the grandchidren and great. I want them to know how he fought for our country. His name was Salvatore Ciaburri. Thank you,



      My father was in the Bulge with 28th Div, I company. He is still alive and well and wrote about his experiences in the war and in this battle. If you would like to read it, let me know and I can share it with you.


      • Lisa Hogan says:

        Hello Clare, I have just returned to this site after all this time and just saw your message. Thanks so much for getting back to me. I would love to read what your father wrote. I’m amazed that someone is still alive and well who may have known my father or at least know what he went through. If you would like to reach me by email, my address is
        Thank you so much!

      • Michael Myers says:

        I believe my father, James C. Myers, was in the same company. I will check with him to verify. I would love to see what he wrote and will share it with my father.


      • Lubomir Vlastnik says:

        Hi Clare. It is wonderful that someone from I company of 28th Division is still alive and wants to share his war experiences. For a long time I’ done some research about I company of the 28th and I believe what your father wrote would be really useful to me. I would really appreciate if you could send me your father’s writings concerning I company. My email is Thank you and good luck

      • steve says:

        My grand father was with the k 112 infantry division 28th div. From what i research he also was there. Maybe your father knows a Donald w Lawrence? I’m trying to find out where he was captured. He was captured in Nov. 1944. I also would love to hear your fathers experiences. Tell your father he is a brave man and I thank him very much for his service.

      • Patrick Mack says:

        Steve, there is a VERY good chance that your grandfather knew mine as they served in the same company – K/112th. I’m betting he was captured in or around Schmidt the first week of November. Get a copy of Follow Me and Die by Cecil B Currey – it tells the story of the battle. A Dark and Bloody Ground is another account.

      • Bob Gillespie says:

        Hello Claire,
        My uncle jim Gillespie also fought there and was captured ,but to the day he died would never speak of his actions orwhat had happened to him. I would love to read your father’s story.

      • Jim Woughter says:

        Yes I would like to read your fathers info. My father was in the 28th also.


  7. Alice Flynn says:

    My father was part of the replacement troops that joined the 28th Infantry Division, 110th Infantry Regiment in Nov 1944 after their suffering major losses in the Hurtgen Forest. Like many others, my father rarely spoke of his experiences in Europe and passed away in 1993.

    My mother recently showed us a folder she had that contained an application for VA benefits with the details on this capture during the Battle of the Bulge and pursuant POW experiences. Due to the Freedom of Information Act, I was also able to obtain from the VA Hospital where he was later treated, missing information that my mother did not have and I would encourage others to pursue all possible sources. Your VA Regional Office will also help provide any records they can obtain (took 3 months) as well as the National Personnel Center (due date is six months out from initial request so be patient). All offices I spoke with trying to determine all my resources were very patient and helpful.

    There are also many, many useful websites to fill in missing pieces of information if you are willing to take the time to search. I have also read a Time Life book on the Battle of the Bulge that references the 28th many times and helps put into perspective, both the Allied and Nazi strategy or lack of, that influenced the outcome of the battle.

    • Bob Gillespie says:

      Alice my uncle JIM Gillespie was also captured at the same time but never talked about it could you give me any info where your father was held so maybe I can honor my uncle by finding out his story and let our family know it

      • Alice Flynn says:

        Hi Bob,

        I looked on the National Archives website and there were no Jim Gillespies in their WWII Enlisted records so I checked “Gillespie, James” and that brought up 132 names under the Enlisted Men records.

        You will need to try a more refined search by adding middle initial,or state of enlistment, year of birth, etc. You may find the unit he was with in these records.

        There were also 11 James Gillespie that came up under the POW search results. Again, you’ll have to refine the search as I don’t have the details to answer you definitively. There are more research tips on my websites, Let me know if you need more help.


    • Jim Gustafson says:

      Alice: You really seem to know alot. My dad was a .30 Cal. machine gunner in Company “M”. He brought back a lot of things from Stalag 9B like a small figure of a horse he carved from a bone in his soup. He also brought back a Nazi arm band from a dead German etc. I would love to find out what Platoon he was in so that I could find out whether he was in Consthum, Hosingen or Holtzhum. His platoon was in an old farmhouse and he was point on a machine gun triangle they had set up. They were eventually overrun and captured and marched to Prum and then put on boxcars to the camp. He was liberated in April of 1945 but nearly starved to death. I am reading Alamo in the Ardennes and Saving Bastogne. Saving Bastogne is all about the 110th and written by a guy who served in the 110th. Both books are extremely detailed and have pages of sites to the National Archives etc.

      • Chris Arnold says:

        My father was also a 30 cal machine gunner in Company M. His name is James M. Arnold. He was a purple heart recipient. Ever any mention of him from your father?

  8. Lisa Hogan says:

    Alice, thank you for your information. I will contact my local VA office to see if they have information on the hospital my father was in and out of for two years. It was the Halloran Hospital in Staten Island, NY. Little by little I’m putting all the pieces together and coming up with an amazing story.

  9. Alice Flynn says:

    Lisa, contact the Halloran Hospital Records Office directly. They may have to pull his file out of archive and may take several weeks but I assume that he filled out an application for VA benefits and I would think a copy would be his file for the medical staff that treated him. You will also have to show proof that you have authorization to receive this information. I pulled a copy of the social security death certificate off for my Dad and copied my own birth certificate along with a form they sent me to sign.

  10. Mike Healy says:

    I just finished a very good book on the 110th actions in the Bulge. It’s called “Alamo in the Ardennes”. Bastogne would not have been possible without the actions of the 110th and other units of the 28th division.

  11. Lisa Hogan says:

    Thanks Mike. I actually read that book two years ago and that’s what sparked my interest in the Battle. It was a fascinating book.

  12. Todd Story says:

    My stepfather’s Dad (I never met him) apparently fought with 28th in Battle of the Bulge. His gravestone says “Kansas, PFC, Co L, 110 Inf, 28 Div, World War II, PH” My Dad always said his unit was overrun and based on what I’ve read, since he must have been in Holzthum, that was about the worst place to be. I am trying to 1) confirm that i interpreted the above inscription correctly and 2) find as much supporting medical/military records as to the date of his injury (i think it must have been Dec 17th, as he laid under a Mark V tank all night according to the story my Dad told me and was injured the next day 3) find any info/stories, etc pertaining to him personally. His name was Raymond H. O’Neal, he would have been about 30 years old (was drafted) and he’s from Weir, Kansas. Not sure why he’d have been with the Pennsylvania outfit, but i think perhaps he’d only been with them for about a month, thus maybe a replacement to the 28th after Hurtgen Forest fighting. Any info or suggestions welcome, thanks. Todd Story, Fort Mill, SC 29708

  13. Alice Flynn says:

    To john kregel and those searching for information:

    I have discovered the National Archives has a huge database and
    can probably help you if you have some basic information on the person you are looking for.

    Out of curiostity, I looked and there are 101 George Jackson’s from Michigan in WWII. If he was captured and went to a POW camp, details would be at the bottom of his record, if known.

    I have recently spoken with two veterans of the 110th and they both have said the best book that describes the experiences of the 110th in the Battle of the Hurtgen Forest is “Follow Me and Die.” There are also a number of good references to the Hurtgen Forest battle on this Website,

    Also, many of the men in the 110th captured during the Battle of the Bulge wre initially sent to the POW camp Stalag 9B at Bad Orb. Several different accounts I have read have similar stories: the POWs were marched to Prum, and then possibly Gerolstein, before being loaded on boxcars to be shipped to POW camps. Prum was the closest German town with RR and was centrally located along the 30 mile stretch covered by the 110th. Very little food was provided the first week to 10 days and POWs were often held in the boxcars for 3-5 days at a time with only water and bathroom breaks and the occasional morsel of food. The Germans were not well prepared for the massive amount of POWs captured during this battle (over 23,000), thus the delay in getting them relocated to POW camps as it was a logistical nightmare as well as the dilemma of how do we feed them.

    Details on Stalag 9B at Bad Orb can be found at There is also a partial prisoner list on the website of names found at the camp when it was liberated in April 1945. Enlisted men typically remained at the camp from Dec until April but officers were quickly transferred to other locations. The list must have been made in early January as my father’s name was on the list and he was only there for approximately 10 days before being sent to another camp with the other officers.

    Good luck.

  14. A. Brobston says:

    My husband’s father was in C Company of the 110th, his name was Thedore Brobston. He was married with 3 kids and from Iowa. My husband was born after the war. His dad would never talk about the war. We watch Ken Burn’s the war and saw what we think was a shot of this father with some fellow soliders celebrating a belated Christmas. My husband is trying to find out if there is anyone out there that may have been stationed with his dad or remembers his dad.

    • Mike Healy says:

      Not many from company C survived, would have been very interested in what Mr. Brobston remembered.

    • Cam Moser says:

      My brother Clayton Moser was a Pfc in Company C , He landed at Normandy on 24 July 1944 and fought in all major engagements.I remember him talking about how cold and hungary he was at all times. Clayton was born in Monroe,NC

  15. michael myers says:

    Im searching for more informatiom on my grandfather lloyd askell dodd if anyone knows anything please contact me he was 110 28 december 1944 thank you Michael Myers oklahoma city oklahoma

  16. Rollins Fritts Jr says:

    I am looking for anyone who may have infor on my father. His name was Rollins Fritts Sr. With Co A and Co H of the 109 Inf. He had a friend name Robert L Cain,

  17. Mike Healy says:

    Does anyone have a roster of company C?

  18. George R. Ernst says:

    My brother was in the 110 Inf. Company “A”. He was Staff Seg. James P. Ernst and was a recepiant of the Silver Star and Purple Heart. Most of his war experiences I found after he died. He had a hard time with the events of the war and death of many of his friends. I have his bible with blood on it. He said that he carried it over his heart all over Europe. His best friend was called “The Duck” from Ohio. They were still writing each other 47 years after “The Bulge”. Pete was wounded Nov. 13, l944. Also, he played the bugle sometimes for his company. I ask him why he was in the funeral home business all his life which was my brother spoke about his only job after returing home–his reply “dead people can’t hurt you. 1st lt. Ruby Ludwig was Pete’s friend was killed by a sniper at Creil 20 miles north of Paris. Pete Ernst is on the front row of the picture entitled “DEATH STALKED ALONG WHEN THE 28th PARADED THROUGH” . I read some things about 28th Infranty and my brother from the newspaper in Hattiesburg, Miss.

  19. Brian Harris says:

    Does anyone have any information on Company D. My grandfather made it through the war but never discussed it in detail and I never pushed before he passed away. But I am very curious what I can find on his involvement in the war and trace his companies path.

    He was PFC Edward Crabtree I am pretty sure he was a radio operator. I believe he was in Battery A, 12th Field Artillery Battalion, Company D 110th inf, 28 APO.

    you can email me at

  20. Paul A. Smith says:

    PFC Merle Smith, of Company M, 110th Regimental Combat Team, 28th Div., 3rd Army, was my Uncle. He was among those replenishments for the division after their heavy losses in previous campaigns. He was assigned to the RCT on 11 Nov, 1944 and was apparently in Consthum, Luxembourg when the Ardennes-Alsace campaign began on Dec 16th. The narratives I have read indicate that his position was overrun on December 19th. The Division reported him missing on December 20th. He was initially shipped to Stalag IX-B, Bad Orb, and we have a couple of V-mails from him there. I had always heard that he died in that camp. But going through his papers recently, I found that he was transferred to Stalag IX-C, Bad Sulza in January and died, probably during a forced march, in Topen, on April 9th. He was buried in a single grave and identified by his dog tags. I would be pleased to share information with anyone who knows of him.

    • Jim Gustafson says:

      Paul: My dad probably knew your uncle. My dad was Dale L. Gustafson. He was in Company “M” and manned the .30 Cal. water-cooled machine gun. My dad was in Stalag 9B and liberated alive in April of 1945 (although nearly starved to death). My dad’s best friend was a guy named Ernie Gallego. I am reading Alamo in the Ardennes and the Saving of Bastogne. Saving of Bastogne is solely about the 110th and written by a guy who served in the 110th. I have a lot of artifacts from the camp that my dad brought back. E-mail me if you want to talk further. Sincerely, Jim Gustafson.

  21. Mike Healy says:

    Charles Callan please contact me at perhaps we can exchange information

  22. Jasmin Meydanci says:

    I hope to bother you not but I´m coming to this page because im searching for someone since many years, i know not much but maybe you can help me with your knowlege about the army history. His name is Jesse White, he served in 51 until ´56 in Neu-Ulm Germany at the wiley casern (Nelson Barracks) He must be in the 110th Inf Regt, 28th Inf Div.
    I know its a hard search but maybe someone could tell me where i could find some answers, or maybe names of the soldiers sercved there at this time.
    It would be the greatest thing of all if there is somebody who know something about it!

    Many greetings from Germany!!


  23. Alice Flynn says:

    Paul A. Smith – In my own research project, I generated a list of all the POWs from the 110th from the National Archives website and it shows PFC SMITH MERLIN C #36454328 was held at Stalag 4B Muhlberg Sachsen 51-13. I also see his name on the partial prisoner list that was on the lonesentry website that has information on Stalag IXB at Bad Orb in my entry above.

    M Company was the heavy weapons company for the 3rd battalion of the 110th and part of Company M were in my Dad’s town in Hosingen. Company L & M (remaining platoons not as Hosingen) held Holzthum (just south of Hosingen). Companies D and M, 110th, were the heavy weapons companies for their battalions and each had spread their men and weaponry between the strongpoints of each battalion. I can give you some more info on how to find more answers. Email me:

  24. Robert J. Rasmus says:

    My father was TSGT Albert Rasmus, 1st Battalion, 110th Infantry of the 28th Infantry Division. He was in the anti-tank company. He had little to say about his service and I am wondering if anyone out there served with him and could supply more info on his time with the 28th.

    Robert Rasmus

  25. Alice Flynn says:

    Robert, as his next of kin, you have the right to get a full copy of his VA files from both the National Personnel Center and from your regional VA office. The files may be very similar but each of my dad’s had a few different pieces of information that the other one didn’t so I’m glad I requested both. Once you have that, you can see more details of his exact company and where he was at, at various times, and will then be able to do more detailed research on his story. If you would like more details on how to request that information, email me at: As mentioned above by someone else, “Alamo in the Ardennes” by John McManus provides a good, comprehensive story on the Battle of the Bulge for all regiments, battalions/companies of the 28th as does “Against the Panzers” by Vannoy and Karamales, however, there are a few discrepanies between the two but overall, they give a good, fairly easy to follow, undertstanding,of the entire division.

  26. G. Acosta says:

    My uncle Juan C. Acosta fought at the battle of the bulge, we didn’t find out until he was diagnosed with throat cancer. Is anyone out there who might have a photograph of him while in duty.

  27. Ron Stocker says:

    I came upon this article when I searched for “Colonel Fuller”. My Father, Sgt. Donald Stocker, 28th Div 110th Inf Co C, was to escort Col. Fuller from the command post at Clervaux. However, on Dec 16-17, 1944, the command post was hit by incoming rounds, wounding my father in the face and temporarily blinding him. Col Fuller bandaged him up and led him, with others, to safety. My father eventually made it to friendly lines and the 107th EVAC Hospital where documents show he was admitted at 1605hrs on 18 Dec 1944. An account of this is documented in Robert F. Phillips book “To Save Bastogne”, page 139. Years ago, my father and I met Bob Phillips at a 28th Div reunion in Indiantown Gap, PA. Unfortunately, my father was never able to connect with Col Fuller before the Col’s death. My father passed away in 2004, having received two Bronze Stars and the Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster. While I do have some of my father’s records, many of them may have been destroyed in the St. Louis, MO fire. If anyone knows of those who served with my Dad, I would appreciate sharing information with you.

  28. Mike Healy says:

    To Ron Stocker: I would appreciate any info you have on Company C. Rosters etc. All I have is the KIA records on my second cousin Victor Mangin.

  29. Rodolfo Roth says:

    My wife and I recently found out that a POW by the name of Michael J Kupper might be her father, a fact he never knew. Captured during the Battle of the Bulge he died while being held prisoner at Stalag 9B 2/14/45. Anyone with any knowledge of this man please contact

    • Ruediger Koenigstein says:

      Michael J. Kupper was my Father’s first cousin. You are welcome to contact me about Mike via E-Mail.

  30. Chris Rainey says:

    I am writing a bio about Lt Charles Stanceu who was a baseball player as well as a member of the 28th. Anyone with any info on his military career, please help me out. I know he was awarded a bronze star probably for actions in the Rhine area.

  31. Bart Stassen says:

    Hi to you all.

    Let me introduce myself.
    I’m a 34 year old Belgian who has not forgotten what your country, your fathers, uncles, mothers , etc have done for us, Europeans.

    Like me there are many others (but that will never get through our left wing media) who still remember your fallen heroes.

    Therefore I have adopted a grave of one of the fallen American soldiers. His name is Barton A Carpenter and he was a member of the 110th Infantry Regiment / 28th Infantry Division.

    Today, I will be visiting his grave here in the Ardennes.

    As I just found this article (and the many reactions underneath) I’m a bit sad to see so many of you having relatives that have probably been buried at Henri Chapelle cemetary.

    Hopefully you’ll find a way to contact me if you want me to (for example) visit one of your relatives graves (maybe even putting some flowers on the grave etc). I’m on the forums (my nickname there is belgianwolfie).

    Thanx again for your continued efforts to keep the world free and save.

    • Raynald Theberge says:

      Bart, do you know anyone who visits (or “adopts” soldiers graves) at the Brittany cemetary in St. James, France?

    • Walter Burke says:

      Dear belgianwolfie:

      Thank you for your appreciation of our American WWII warriors. My father served in the 28th Division. He’s passed on now but I couldn’t be more proud of him and his generation.

      • Lyle Van Cleave says:

        My father , who is now 93, was at the the battle of the bulge. One of his buddies he has always talked about was a bill burke. Do you have any information on bill, he was from new york. Pleas email me with any information because my father is in poor health.

      • Help says:

        Looking for information on the Walter Burke who posted here. I think his father is the Burke that I have been looking for, any information on Mr Burke on how to contact him would be helpful.

        My email

    • Tammy Franklin says:

      Greetings from Greenville, SC,

      I am the great niece of Pvt Jesse L Smith, who served with 112th Inf Reg./ 28th Infantry Division. He was killed in action on Nov 3,1944 and is buried at Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery in Belgium. Buried at: Plot D Row 13 Grave 31 according to the website. If you could send a picture of his marker I would be grateful. Thank you for remembering and honoring those that sacrificed their lives for freedom.


    • Daniel Bernardy says:

      First, thank you for your conscientious understanding and efforts to help people connect.
      I came across your name while researching for info regarding my grandfather. He was a member of the 12th infantry, company E, taken prisoner on the 20DEC44 in Echternoch. I lived with him when he passed in 1968, but I was only 7, so I never heard any of his stories.
      I would like to start a dialogue with you to learn more about his time there, as well as to find out if I have family there. My great great grandparents were Henry Bernardy born in Arlon in 1837, and Mary Schumisch born in Sous in 1843. Interested in helping?

  32. Monda Smart says:

    My uncle, Luetell B Ford fought with the 28th, was captured and treated poorly by the Germans. He would never talk about it but since his death and that of his wife, I have been combing through things. That is how I stumbled on the 28th. I have some type of a book prepared by Harry Stutz which has many interesting blurps from some of the soldiers. I would love to learn more. Does anyone recommend a book or film about the battle in which they ran out of supplies and had to surrender. Thank you so much.

    Monda – his neice

  33. Natalie Hess says:

    I just wanted to say that my grandfather, Dick Milbrand, and my great uncle, Francis Weber, were both in the 28th division. My uncle was captured also and actually not treated too badly since his last name was the same as one of the officers where he was being held. Both my uncle and my grandfather never talked much about the war. My grandmother, who is 89 years old, found my grandfather’s copy of Robert Phillips’ book that he signed for my grandfather at one of their reunions at Ft. Indiantown Gap. I am very anxious to read it now after reading the comments on this post. I hope someday that my grandmother will pass this book down to me for safe-keeping. I miss my grandfather dearly, he and my grandmother would have been married 69 yrs. today – “the day before Pearl Harbor”.

  34. Christine Wittmann says:

    My dad was in the Battle of the Bulge, but I do not know what unit, infantry, etc. His name was James D. Rosinola and he lived in Baltimore, Md. when he joined the army. I do know he was an artillery gunner and also drove supply trucks. He died in 1977, my mother, a German war bride is also deceased. There is noone left alive to ask and I only learned 10 years ago from cousins my dad was in the Bulge. If anyone can help me find out which unit he was in I’d be very grateful. I’ve only just started reading books about the Bulge and trying to learn as much as I can. My dad is buried in Pa. and there is nothing on his grave to commemorate his service in WWII. I have been living in New Hampshire over 30 years now.
    many thanks in advance

    • Bettianne Becker says:

      Wow, along time since we have spoke, 1977 Never knew you were researching this. You can write to the goverment and get a copy of his orders. And also any metals he may have earned you can ask to have duplicated, they will send you them.

  35. Jack Richman says:


    I was hoping you could asist me with finding out information about my grandfather. He served in Cannon Company, 110th Regiment 28th Infantry and was in the Battle of the Bulge. I would love to find out more about him and his unit. I have his dogtags and information. Any resources or help would be greatly appreciated regarding his great contribution that very few family members know about.

    Jack Richman

    • Mike Healy says:

      Cannon company was in Munshausen during the Ardennes along with part of company C. Pick up a copy of “Alamo in the Ardennes”, it’ll be worth your time & money.

      • M Basiaga says:

        I do not know of a roster for the cannon company. My grandfather served with cannon company, 110th Inf 28th Div.

        I know people list C and Cannon company as being in “reserve” in Munshausen. My grandfather told a story that part of the cannon carriage or tow assembly broke and they went into town looking for a blacksmith…no one was expecting an attack.

  36. Peter Bochek says:

    Hello To All,
    My dad, Laddie Bochek was captured at the Battle of the Bulge. He was in in Co. H of the 110th infantry of the 28th division and was from Washington Co. Pa.
    As so many of you have mentioned , my dad never “opened up” so to speak about his war time experiences.
    My dad received the bronze star with oak leaf cluster and I always wanted to know what where the events which awarded him this medal !! My dad was in charge of a heavy machine gun outfit with Co. H.
    I have contacted the archives in St. Louis but they claim his records were lost in the fire !!
    This is another concern of mine that really upsets me about this fire in St. Louis, WHY were these priceless records of so many brave Americans who fought and died for this country during WWII , stored in a facility that was not fire proof ????? A total injustice to these fine Americans whos military records are gone forever!!!
    If anyone out there who can perhaps help me with my quest in regards to my dad and in regards to Co. H. please contact me!
    Peter Bochek

    • david m. vezina says:

      peter , my grandfather, raymond a. vezina, was also a heavy machine gunner, co. h, 110 infantry.taken prisoner of war at the bulge.any idea what stalag this would have been?—david

      • Rick Morris says:

        David, I’m guessing your grandfather and my grandfather served together at the Bulge. They probably were friends, as my grandfather was also in Company H, 110th. I have a Prisoner of War card that shows my grandfather, Everett Lee Morris as having been a prisoner of war at Stalag XIB. Got some pretty neat information about that here…

        Last night, I was doing some sincere research and found some information that shows Company H was one of two or three companies that were brought out of reserve and situated in Clerveaux, Luxembourg as the Germans initiated the Battle of the Bulge. Some of these 450 men were killed, some escaped, but many were captured. If your grandfather was in Company H, 110th, 28th Infantry, then he was captured alongside my grandfather, Everett at Clerveaux, most likely. From there they were moved to Stalag XIB. From what I can tell these last few hundred men were primarily responsible for holding the Germans up for another 12 to 24 additional hours. They are part of the larger elements of the 28th that kept Hitler’s army from making it to Bastogne on day 1 of the attack, where the Germans would have probably moved on to the sea, dividing Montgomery and Patton’s armies. A very different outcome to the war would have happened, I argue.

        So, it looks like Company H, and the other 1 or 2 companies made a last stand at Clerveaux… possibly saving the war, or at least an extended war? Not to make it like our grandfathers were the only heroes of the war. But, only to point it out that the 110th is ill-recognized when it comes to the Battle of the Bulge. Bastogne was a major victory in itself and all those men are true America patriots and heroes.

        Thank you so much for your grandfather’s service to our great country.

    • steve says:

      Go to they have all medals and why they would of received them.

  37. Rick Morris says:

    My grandfather, Everette L. Morris was captured while fighting with Company H, 110th Infantry, 28th that week. Do you know how many were captured during that battle?

    • Monda says:

      In all my reading there were 12 captured Signal men during that battle. One additional man was killed. In the book complied by Harry Stutz a lot more information and names are given. It is a good bit of reading but well worth the effort. Many of the mens names are listed and then there is a complete list at the end. They use to have a reunion but I don’t know if that is still happening due to the age the men would be. It is sad we don’t have more – but it must have been so terrible that they just didn’t want to even speak of it. A friend of mind was in Vietnam and he says it was to awful to express in words. He still has nightmares. I imagine our uncles and grandfathers did tool, Hope you can get the info on Harry Stutz’s book.

      • Rick says:

        Monda, Thanks for the information. I do plan to buy that book and several others from the association’s website. I’m hoping I can find a timeline for Company H, 110th from the moment they left America (and exactly where) to their arrival in England (where?) and how long their training lasted when they arrived there. Then, I’m hoping to gain the timeline on their path through France and into Luxembourg before the battle of the Bulge. I do have some interesting things that came from my grandfather’s wallet that he had while he was there. Included is a small notebook with the names of about 10 or 15 people, I’m assuming it was his buddies. I will post images of them on our family tree website in a few minutes. Perhaps some of you out there recognize some of those names. I’ll give you the web address shortly.

  38. Monda L. Smart says:

    My uncle, Luetell B Ford, served in the 28th Signal Comany as a Technician. He was captured by the Germans on December 21, 1944 during the Ardennes offensive and sent to Stalag 4B Muhlberg Sachsen, a concentration camp, where his treatmen was less than humane. For six months he was listed as missing in action. As far as I know there were 13 operators reported missing. All turned up except one. Luetell was released on June 8, 1945.

    • Jackie Gatz says:

      My twin Uncles Jack and Bill Gatz, my Dad’s brothers were in the the 28th Infantry/Signal Corps and fought in the Battle of the Bulge. My uncle Jack died in 2/45 in or just after the Battle from what I can gather. The Signal Corps was also called the Iron Division from some info I have. I’m glad your uncle was released in June of ’45; that must have been because of the war’s end. Feel free to write more. My uncles were from the Pittsburgh, Pa. area (Carrick more specifically). I am my uncle Jack’s namesake.

  39. Jim Woughter says:

    Looking for any info on my father Earl Richard Woughter, known as Dick, from Elmira, NY. THX

  40. Rick says:

    Here is the link to the information about my Grandfather, Everette Morris. He served with Company H, 110th, 28th Infantry and was captured during the Battle of the Bulge. DO YOU RECOGNIZE ANY OF THE NAMES ON THE NOTEBOOK HE KEPT? Read down the page to view the names in his notebook…

  41. Monda says:

    Rick, that is a wonderful write-up. I enjoyed every bit. Just yesterday I turned over to the Preble County Historical Society Museum all my uncles info. I wrote about a 30 page book on his life. I gave his medals, little note book, like the one you have, a little calendar where he wrote where he was each day, pictures of the training camp, a few while he was in Germany and Normandy and a couple from the prison camp. With that went the book from his Signal Company the 28# and the Bloody Bucket patch also maps he picked up in France and of corse the dog tags and prison tags. There were some other war notes and papers but now they are in the hands of the museum. They plan to make an area for all the items. He was a fairly well known area boy and so they were anxious to get the items. In this way I hope I have honored him. He was a very special uncle.

    • Rick Morris says:

      Monda, sorry for the delay in response. That is outstanding that you have preserved your uncle’s war information. I would love to read that book you wrote. Is it online somewhere? Thanks for your uncle’s service.

  42. Glen Busch says:

    Here is a link for the story of my Grandpa and his time with the 28th along with other assignments. Here I thought he was just telling stories. I have even more respect for these guys then I did before.

    • Rick Morris says:

      What a great story. Larry was apparently a very brave man and natural leader. You, your family, and this great nation is very proud of his sacrifices and accomplishments during his call to action. Thank you so much Larry Whight for your service.

    • Alice Flynn says:

      Was your Grandfather with the 110th? I didn’t say which regiment?

  43. Mark Erickson says:

    My father, Wayne V. Erickson, was a medic with the 110th and was captured in Hosingen during the Bulge. That was his 2nd time in the ETO. It always amazed me how he could remember almost hour to hour his entire experience of combat. I recently visited a fellow near here that was a prisioner with my dad. Edwin M Anderson. Ed would never talk to my dad about their experiences after the war but at my dad’s funeral he told me he owed his life to my dad for giving him a small loaf of bread that dad had bartered with a German guard. An amazing story.

    • Dan Torfin says:

      Mr. Erickson, first off, thank your Father for his service with my sincere gratitude. If possible, could you please ask your father if he recalls another medic (aid man) who was at the Bulge in the 110th. My uncle, Ivan Torfin was killed by a German sniper on the 16th or 18th DEC 1944. He was buried at the temporary cemetery in Foy, Belgium .
      Any recollections would be appreciated.

      Dan Torfin

  44. Brian says:

    I believe my grandfather, Esten Mullins from West Virginia, was in the 110th regiment of the 28th ID. I believe he may have been in the division from early on in the war. I remember him telling stories of training in the US, in the Florida panhandle practicing amphibious assaults on Dog Island (near Apalachicola). I also remember him saying he was a driver for some officer, I don’t know if it was a Company commander or higher, before they deployed to ETO. I recall the stories of the German 88’s and tree bursts and being cold. I also remember him saying that he got separated from his unit and when he finally met up with other American’s they at first thought he was a German because if his “bad” American accent, IE West Virginian! I’d be interested in any information anyone has about unit rolls. Please contact me


    My father, William Ehling, served in the 28th Infantry Division, I company. He was a Staff Sergeant. He has written about his person experiences during that time and has given it to his children. He is still alive and well today at the age of 90 and his memory is still very good. He is one of the few remaining service men from that battle. I’m proud of his service and sacrifice for his country.

    • Rick Morris says:

      Please tell him that we are grateful for his service and we feel he is a true American hero.

  46. Zane Satterfield says:

    My uncle Cleo “Francis” Johnson was buried yesterday with honor guard. He was 87 years old. He was from Montana Mines just outside Fairmont WV (West Virginia). He was in the 110th infantry C company during the Normandy Champaign. I believe he was the original group that was shipped in 6 weeks after D day. He did not talk about much.

  47. Zane Satterfield says:

    Correction Cleo “Louis” Johnson, Francis Johnson, his brother also severed during WW 2

  48. James Satko says:

    I em looking for any information about my uncle, George Cheslak of lansford Pa.He was a combat medic with the 28th ,or the 106th infantry division during the war.He was shot through the helmit and knocked out and left for dead along a roadside during the first few days of the bulge.He left little info. of his exploits but I found out that he landed in Normandy on D+5 and must have fought through France . He was rescued by the 101st Airbourne troops as they occupied Bastogne .He was then captured by the Germans in Bastogne and served out the war in Stalag 3A and work camp Oflag camp and at the camp3-6 Luckenwalde,Brandenburg,Prussia 52-13.

    • George Cushing says:

      My father in law was transferred to the 106th Inf. Div. after the Bulge. There were only about 80 men left in the 106th after the Bulge and they were getting ready to invade Japan.

  49. James Satko says:

    I ‘m looking for any info.on my uncle George Cheslak from Lansford Pa.He was a combat medic with either the 28th or possibly 106th infantry div.He landed on D+5 in Normandy. During the first days of the Bulge he was shot through his helmit and knocked out and left for dead then rescued by 101Airbourne troopers and then captured in Bastogne Belgium.He was held at stalag 3Aand work camps{Oflag 3-6}Luckenwalde Brandenburg,Prussia

  50. Alice Flynn says:

    Over the last couple of years, I’ve been following this blog and it seems that everyone either has access to great information on our Unforgettable Veterans or is looking for help.

    I recently finished a book on my father and this blog has been a great way to meet some of you on-line over the years and share stories. So I wanted to let you all know about the website I just built to support my book but also to serve as a resource for friends and families of the 28th ID WWII veterans looking for information. I have added all the resources I used in writing my own book to the website but it would be great if we collectively could add to it to assist all those looking for help, just like we have already been doing on this website.

    I would love it you would take a look and provide me comments or share any of the resources you have by emailing me electronic files to post. I will credit you with the contribution so people can reach out to you if they have questions on the blog.

    I’m looking forward to helping others find answers and I hope you will join me and spread the word. The website is

    Alice Flynn

  51. Lyle Van Cleave says:

    My father , who is 93, was in the 28th division at the battle of the bulge. I have been looking for one of his buddies , Bill Burke. I found a response on this forum from a Walter Burke about his father who was also in the 28th. Does anyone know how to track down this Walter Burke so i can contact him. This has to be the same Burke that my father has been looking for all of these years. My father is 93 and time is getting short, any help would be appreciated.

  52. Jean Duquette says:

    I have just begun this search and need a boost. Where/how do I find the unit, company, division or regiment that my father would have been in while in the Battle of Bulge. He is now deceased and I only have a copy of his enlistment information and his name on a passenger list of the Queen Elizabeth on its return voyage to New York City.

    • Lyle Van Cleave says:

      I know how you feel about finding information on the Battle of the Bulge. My father and I have been looking for his Army buddy for years with no success. I have not given up yet please try this web site which has some resources that may help. good luck

  53. Lyle Van Cleave says:

    Looking for a Walter Burke that posted a message on this forum, any information would be helpful. My father ,who is 93, is looking for his army buddy Bill Burke from the 28 th division. Any help would be appriciated. email me at

    thank you
    Lyle Van Cleave

  54. Lisa Hogan says:

    Hello, my father fought with the 28th Div, 110th Inf, Comp I. Does anyone have any information on a momunent in Weiler called “Tom Myers Square”? I saw a picture of it and it’s dedicated to Comp I but I don’t know the history about it. Any information would be appreciated.
    Thank you,

  55. RAINES,DAVID says:


  56. Wes Weydig says:

    Anyone have any information on 112th inf HQ Co 424. I have my fathers separation papers, but do not have any info on the organization of the unit. The papers say he was a radio man 766? Like many veterans, my father did not speak of his experience in the war.

    Any info on the unit would be appreciated. Is there somewhere to obtain unit rosters?

    Wes Weydig

    • Patrick Mack says:

      My grandfather was in K Company of the 112th. I started posting some of the research materials I’ve come across on a new Facebook page I started. A search for “28th Infantry Division in WW2” should show it.

  57. Anne Gracie says:

    My father, William A. Gracie, served in the 28th Infantry Division, 110th regiment, Company K. He fought in the Battle of the Bulge and was a prisoner of war at Stalag IV B. If there is anyone out there with a family member who was in a similar situation, I would be interested in sharing information.

    • Alice Flynn says:

      My father was Ex. Officer of K Company. I just published a book that covers in detail all the information that I found on what happened in Hosingen’ Unforgettable: The Biography of Thomas J. Flynn. I also have a website Please email me at I’d love to hear your dad’s story.

      • George Cushing says:

        Alice, my father in law, Willaim Keating, was with Co. C 103rd Combat Eng. He never spoke of his wartime experiences with the family. In going through his effects we found some maps of the Ardenne, Saarland and Hürtgen. Two of the maps are German, probably captured. One was issued by the US Army and is of Germany east of Luxembourg. In the left margin there is a note in William’s hand that states the “The Last Stand”. Then there’s an arrow to Hosingen. The only other marks on the map is “Co. C”. Is it possible he was there? He was probably a Sgt. at this time. As far as we know he was never a POW, but was awarded the Purple Heart. Thanks, Geo.

      • Alice Flynn says:

        Hi George,

        Co. B 103rd Combat Eng were in Hosingen so Co. C would have been closeby. See if you can order his VA file. It will give you more detailed information that will be helpful to you. There are a number of good books that may be helpful to you. You can contact me and I can give you some suggestions on other sources as well.
        Good luck! Alice

  58. Charles W. Callen says:

    My father was Wendell E. Callen (they misspelled it as Callan) I visited where he was killed and buried after the battle. I spoke with one of the townspeople whe was there during the battle and this genleman took me to the spot where my day was and explained how he was killed. We then when to the old church where they held a service then buried all 2 men (two to a coffen) in the church yard and in April of 45 their ID tags were turned over to the Americans who were with graves and restragion. I learned a lot from this visit.

    • Mike Healy says:

      I would love to hear about all you learned and any pictures. My second cousin Victor J. Mangin was buried in that church yard with your father. You can reach me at I would love to compare notes.

  59. Joe Jackson (Jr.) says:


    My dad was 2nd Lt. Joseph R. Jackson (Tulsa, OK), with the 110th / 28th. He was with a small group that escaped from a “castle-turned-hotel” in Clervaux, as it was overrun by the Germans. They then spent several days traveling on foot at night & hiding during the day, until they met up with “friendlies” (I think the 101st), then fought in Bastogne. After reading this article, I think he could have been with the “SNAFU” group, but not sure. I have a chance to visit Clervaux for a short trip, and am trying to find any information that could help me “trace some of his steps”. I would appreciate any information.

    After reading many of these posts, I wonder how many if any of the other names my dad would have remembered. What a courageous, unique group they all were!!

  60. Connie Wagar says:

    I only recently found out my father Raymond Butler was in the Battle of the Bulge. My mother has not been forthcoming with information as they divorced after my brother was born in the 1950’s. All I know was he was there, and I would love to find more information about him for my kids.

  61. Patrick Mack says:

    My grandfather, Joseph H. Mack, was in K Company of the 112th from the States through the end of the War. Wounded in the Hurtgen, he returned to his unit just a few days before the Battle of the Bulge. I started posting some of the research materials I’ve come across on a new Facebook page I started. A FB search for “28th Infantry Division in WW2” should show it. It’s an open group and feel free to post pertinent things there.

    • Connie Wagar says:

      How would I gain a listing of the names of the men who served at the Battle of the Bulge.? It would be good for the grown kids to know something about their grandfather Raymond. My mother never told me about all the medical issues and the psychiatric care he had. HE became a different man and she could not handle it. I only recently found out all this information from her and a recently found cousin. I now wish I had this information and hope to get it for the Kids.
      Thanks to all who post here.

  62. Karen Noe says:

    What an awesome site! My dad was Dohren Richardson, from IA. I believe he was a Pvt. at the time of the battle. I do not know what regiment or company he was in. He was taken prisoner and held at POW camp 17 Geprufte, Stalag 4B. He was captured Dec. 20th and liberated May 11, 1945 by the Russians. If anyone can help me out with any more information, I would so appreciate it. My dad also never wanted to speak about his experiences in the war, except to say that he would never eat turnips because they had to eat maggoty turnips in the POW camp. I’m planning on checking out some of these wonderful sites that have been recommended. Thank you!

  63. Ken Vangelista says:

    My father fought with the 110th Infantry Regiment as a machine gunner from the time the 28th hit the French shore 14? days after D-Day till the Battle of the Bulge, He was wounded liberating Paris, fought in the Hurtgen Forest and was captured behind enemy lines on Dec 20th 1944. He claimed to have retreated to a Farm house being used by a general as headquarters to tell them the German Tanks where advancing towards the Farm House. He was told to set his machine gun up in the doorway as a decoy and was handed a carbine from a wounded sergeant as they escaped out the back door, he at first was in a jeep with other soldiers, then they split up into smaller groups, he was eventually captured after sleeping under a large Christmas tree branches down to the ground along with a Lieutenant he thought was a German dressed as an American because after being captured he never saw him again. He spent the remainder of the war as a P.O.W. at 3 camps starting at Stalag II A were his P.O.W. number is stamped along with the camp name on his P.O.W. tag and being liberated by the English from Stalag XB. He received a second purple heart for an injury to his hand which the Germans operated on 12 days before he was liberated. His name was Victor Vangelista, he was a carpenter contractor/home builder from Chicago. I have a blueprint of Stalag XB he claims to have taken from the commandants office wall when he was liberated. I was 10 yrs old before I ever heard of his being prisoner. I was 39 before I heard the Christmas tree story.

  64. Samantha says:

    My dad’s dad was in the battle of the buldge 4th division i believe. Never met the guy. I don’t know who he served under

  65. Len Fuqua says:

    My dad, L. Terry Fuqua, from Alamance County NC was a machine gunner in the 110th. He was wounded in the Battle of the Bulge and awarded the Purple Heart. Didn’t talk much about the battle except to tell of being pinned down in a house with some fellow soldiers one night. There was a supply mule loaded down outside the house and he told his buddies he’d go out and get the mule so they’d have whatever supplies it was carrying. He said a soon as he stepped outside a German “burp gun”, as he called it, cut loose on him and he quickly dove back inside and told his buddies “the hell with that mule! I’m not getting my ass shot off no matter what he’s carrying!” I don’t know what Company he was in but if anyone has any information about him I would appreciate it. He died in November 2006.

  66. John Leonard says:

    Hi, I had a lovely Uncle that was in the Battle of the Bulge. His name was Carl Leonard from Iowa near Garden Grove, IA. I was so young and wanted to ask him questions as inquisitive children do. I think I hurt his feelings more than I can think of now. I do wish to know what Div. etc. he served and if he was in any specific areas that might enlighten me of what he might have gone through. I am 60 now and have been in the military start 1969. It still seems to haunt me to know what he must have endured. I want to keep it sacrid. Could you please tell me what kind of man he was and what he did and maybe where he had to be in the Bulge. Thank You with all due respect. John.

    • Alice Flynn says:

      Hi John,

      I’m sorry but I can’t tell you what kind of a man your uncle was other than to emphasize like my Dad, and all the other veterans of WWII, they were part of our Greatest Generation. I’m sure he was a wonderful man.

      Please check my website, for information how to obtain his VA file in the Research Tips page. Since you are in the military, you know how detailed your personnel file is; times, dates, places and units assigned to. Once you get his file, it should give you all the information you need to be able to research on the internet and in books for a more detailed, personal story. Let me know if you have questions once you read through the information I provide. Best of luck. Alice

  67. Christine Wittmann says:

    My father fought at the Battle of the Bulge (army) He was James D. Rosinola, 788th Battalion Battery B. He was an anti-aircraft artillery gunner. I am trying to find out any information on that Battalion so that I might try and trace my dad’s footsteps through WWII. He died many years ago and I know virtually nothing except what little I could find out online. Please, if there is anyone who might have any information on his Battalion I would be grateful to hear from you. I was told that his Battalion may have been assigned to the 49th AAA Brigade. My dad was living in Baltimore, Md. at the time he entered the service in Jan. 1943 and was honorably discharged in 1946

    • Alice Flynn says:

      Hi Christine,

      As I noted in the post above, please check my website, for information how to obtain his VA file in the Research Tips page. His VA file will tell you all the units and towns where he was assigned, which will help you refine your search on the internet and books you may want to read.

      Google Books ( is also a great resource. They’ve scanned many books and you can do key word searches and it will find all books that have those words in it. Try typing in 788th battle of the bulge” into the key words search; a number of books come up. I’ve noted a couple below that might be helpful.

      IX Air Defense Command:
      historical & statistical summary, 1 January 1944-1 June 1945
      United States. Army Air Forces. IX Air Defense Command

      “Some of the AAA battalions deployed along the MEUSE River were the 788th AAA AW Bn. on the eastern end at VER- VIERS; the 113th and 126th AAA Gun Battalions, Battery “A”, 863rd ..”.

      Air Force combat units of World War II
      United States. Air Force. Office of Air Force History
      Office of Air Force History, 1961 – History – 506 pages

      Good luck!
      Alice Flynn

      • Christine Wittmann says:

        Thanks so much Alice, I will check out those sites you mentioned. My husband has bought me all sorts of books on the Battle of the Bulge, of course I’m particularly interested in my dad’s Battalion. I wish I knew if there was anyone still alive who was in the 788th. When I google searched it I came up with my own request for information and the blurb I have about my dad’s service on my own website (

        My dad met my mother during WWII, she lived near the Rhine river. Again, thanks so much for your reply and the information.

  68. Terry says:

    Hi everyone.

    I have just ciome across this site whilst looking for background to some local histiory research i am trying to undertake on the 28th (more specifically the 109th Infantry). There is a fair amount of information in books and on the web relating to their achievements in main land Eurpoe after Normandy.

    As I am interested in local history ( I live in Barry, Wales), the activities of the 28th Div 109th/110th from landing in Britain up until the invasion of northern France is my interest. I have recently found that 109th was based in south Wales, prior to moving to the south coast of England in preparation for D-Day, at a place called “St.Athan’s Boys Camp” ( this was an adventure camp set up to provide R and R for sons of coal miners and therefore had suitable accomodation).

    Little seesm to have been writen on the build up to D-Day (Operation Bolero). If anyone reading this can shed light on places, date, names – photographs (a long shot, but I need to ask), I would be most grateful to hear from you. Its a part of the unit histories that does not seem to get paid much attention in historical narratives.

    Many regards


  69. George Antolik says:

    My Uncle, 2Lt. John Antolik was killed on July 31,1944 at Percy, France. He was attached to headquarters, cannon company, 110th reg. 28th Div. He was a field observer and if anybody knows what happened please let me know. Wondering if there is a roster of who was in his platoon. Thank You. George Antolik.

    • M Basiaga says:

      I do not know of a roster for the cannon company. My grandfather served with cannon company, 110th Inf 29th Div. Would love if you have any photos?

  70. George Cushing says:

    I’ve come across some snapshots of what appear members of the 28th Infantry Division in training and in the ETO. Is there any site I can send scans of these? Some of the folks are identified others are not. Thanks.

    • Joe Jackson says:

      @ George Cushing — Hi Mr. Cushing. My dad was in the 110th of the 28th … I would like to see the pictures — maybe I can i.d. him. If you can, please send scans to


    • Lisa says:

      Hello George, thanks so much for posting this. I would like to see those pictures as my father was in the 28th Div/110th Inf. I’m not sure what site you could post them on but would you mind sending them to my email address?
      Thanks so much,

    • Karen Noe says:

      George, I would also be appreciative if you could send the scans to my e-mail address. Since I last wrote in April, I have discovered that my father, Dohren I. Richardson from Iowa, was also in the 110th Reg., 28th Inf. Div. I have also found out that as a POW he was held in Stalag IVB Muhlberg. Many years ago my mom related to me a story of a gentleman who came to visit their house with his wife. This man had been searching for my father, and was weeping as he told how my dad had saved him during the march to the concentration camp. He was wounded in the leg or foot, and could barely walk. The man said that my dad had helped him walk, as otherwise he would have been shot. A couple of years before my dad died, he opened up to my nephew about some war stories. He related the same story, only in his version, it was he who needed the help, and this man saved him. The gentleman in question was an African-American man. If this story rings a bell with anyone, please contact me via e-mail, as we would love to know what the true story is. If this man saved my father, we owe him a huge debt of gratitude. Thank you.

    • Mike Healy says:

      George I would appreciate scans of them also.

    • Alice Flynn says:

      Hi George,

      I will post the pictures on my website for the general public to access. Everyone hear can then just pull them from there versus you emailing lots of files to numerous individuals. I will also be sure to list you as the contributor of the photos if you like.

      Alice Flynn

  71. Karen Noe says:

    Sorry, my e-mail address is:

  72. Lisa Anglim says:

    Does anyone remember my Uncle Edward Anglim…tech 5 and captured and held at Bad Orb 9?

  73. Michael B. Del Camp says:

    George, reading your post about your Uncle, 2nd Lieutenant John Antolik, killed July 31, 1944 at Percy, FRANCE as a field observer with 110th regiment 28th Division (3rd Army?) I thought of my Mother Elvira Rossi Del Camp’s Brother, who as we understand it died in July 1944 in same area. He was a Sargent when he died. From what I read here, plenty of the guys who survived our Uncles went on to even more military conflict and combat casualties and death in ensuing conflicts. Even so, it would be nice to hear from anyone who remembers Bernard Rossi, too. Thanks. – Mike

  74. Patrick Mack says:

    If any of you are on Facebook I started a Group named “28th Infantry Division in WWII” – and have posted a lot of things that I have found during my research. My grandfather was a Sgt. in K company of the 112th Regiment. It’s a great way to share pictures, stories, documents and also learn from other veteran’s family members.

  75. jack mcshane jr says:

    looking for anyone with info on my dad 1st lt company l 28th european theather 42-45 i know he has 3 purple hearts 2 bronze stars 1 silver star and was wounded hurtgen forest. i know his cousin francis mc govern was killed at normandie in his arms and his hair turned white instantly. he never talked about his 4 years and i lost him several years ago s would like to know more of the nightmare he and many others suffered Antwerp, Buldge, Bastone etc
    i have all his letters from 42 thru 45 to mu mom and reading them i get a a feelong of grreater respective for him now, about 300 letters you can see the metamorphasis from the early years to to the end you can call or e-mail 732 8325436

    • Bob Gillespie says:

      I would love to read those letters without of your mom’s personal parts my uncle with there too and never spoke of the war and of him being a pow so I find it so interesting to find out what they went through.

  76. Anne Gracie says:

    Sounds familiar. Do you know the regiment and company? POW camp? My dad fought in Hurtgen Forest and Battle of Bulge in Hosinger. POW at Stalag IVB. You might like to read “Unforgettable” by Alice Flynn. Her dad was there too.

  77. AJ Moore says:

    My great grandfather Leonard J. Butterbaugh from Iowa was an escape POW in battle of the bulge. I was wondering if you could find any of his military records or maybe even some pretty pacific information about his combat tour in WWII. The only thing i know is what POW camp he was in and that was Stalag 4B Muhlberg Sachsen.

  78. John Cupak Jr says:

    My father, John Cupak, was transferred to the 109th Inf (regiment?), 1 Bn, 28 Div on July 1, 1945. Previously, he was in Engelheim, Kenqvath (spelling?), and Kisel, Germany. I think he was in medical detachment, but unsure of actual deployments.

  79. Karen Noe says:

    I recently gained access to my mom’s wartime scrapbook, where she saved letters from my dad, Dohren I. Richardson, written when he was a POW at Stalag IVB. He was captured at the Battle of the Bulge, and was a Cpl. or Pvt. in 110th Reg., 28th Inf., Co. I. One letter received after he was liberated was from a fellow POW from North Wales. Following is the content of the letter:

    Dinas, (not sure of sp.)
    Port Dinorivic,(again sp?)
    Caens, North Wales
    15th July, 1945

    Dear Rich,
    You will remember me as one of the 6 who set off from Stalag IVB. I should have written long ago but as you can imagine we have all been having such a hectic time since we got back to England. I don’t even know if you are back in (England) America but I hope so. After we left you we got a lift into Leipsig & then got in with some of your lads who were going back to Belgium the next day. They took us to Verviers in two days & treated us very well, believe me. We flew across to Blighty on the first VE day & two days later were on our way home for 6 weeks. We are now doing a “get fit” course at a camp near Wolverhampton but expect to get demobbed in a few weeks. “Bill” has already got his discharge. Alan & Bob & I are out celebrating every night in Wolverhampton as you can imagine.
    Well, Rich I will never forget those horse & cart days. Hope you found all well at home. I put my home address on this. Write me if you get this & all the best. Cheerio.
    Yours sincerely,
    Ted (Woods)

    If anyone recognizes the address or name of this gentleman, if would be really great if you could relate any stories or perhaps letters that you received from my dad. He wasn’t much of a writer, so the odds of there being a letter are probably slim.
    I also tried getting my dad’s medical records from the VA archives, but it looks like they were unfortunately destroyed in a fire at the archives in 1973. I then tried our local VA, but they had no other information. I was recently given the idea of trying the Red Cross, so that will be my next step.

  80. Nancy Cranford says:

    My father, Clarence Earl Washington, was in Company C, as well. He received a Silver Star for his bravery on December 16, 1944. I would like info on the hospital he was taken to and any reports of his injuries. I would also like to know when he returned to battle and where. I am writing a book abut his life and would like to get the facts correct. Thank you for your help.
    Nancy Cranford

  81. Charles W. Callen says:

    My father Wendell E. Callen was killed in Munshausen Dec 17th along with 7 other soldiers. I had the opportunity to visit Munshausen and speak with an individual who was there and witness the battle. I was taken to the old chapel where a service was held and the bodies (two to a wooden box) were buried in the church yard. In April of 1945 the bodies were turned over to the US Army and were reburied in Foy Belgium. My father was returned to the US and buried in Stratford Oklahoma. To this day I do not understand how that many Germans could not have been detected by anyone. I believe they were used as bait. I also do not understand why the 110th was not given the presidential unit citation for they heroic efforts that slowed the enemy.

  82. Timothy Knepper says:

    My Grandfather served in the 110th infantry regiment company e from mid January 1945 til the day the 28th left Europe. He always told my family that he never left the US during the war so I never pushed him to tell his stories. I love history an truly believe to know where your going you have to know where you’ve been. If anyone has any information they could share it would be greatly appreciated. I am slowly putting piece together since we are finally going through his things. I did find his discharge papers. For Charles W. Callen, on his papers he received the Distinguished Unit Badge which later became the Presidential Unit Citation so I would assume all of the 110th received one. Hope that helps.

    • Charles W. Callen says:

      Thank you and best of luck with your discovery. I too am researching my father’s service and death during the Battle of the Bulge.

  83. Matthew Bohn says:

    Floyd McGuire, my grandfather, was a surviving POW from the Battle of the Bulge. Sadly, he passed in 1998, and was unable to see me enter into the Army 10 years later. His presence in WWII wasn’t spoken of by family, but I’m sure he would be proud to see further generations of the family still serving the country he nearly gave his life for.

  84. Mike Healy says:

    Charles please keep me informed if you find anything new. My cousin Victor J. Mangin was KIA with your father.

  85. Erny T. Kohn says:

    If you are looking for information concerning the Battle of the Bulge, please feel free to check on This is the Circle of Studies on the Battle of the Bulge (CEBA) that has been founded in 1972. We have our Head Office in Munshausen (Luxembourg-Europe), which is located in the former 110th Infantry Regiment sector (28th Inf. Div.). Feel free to contact us via our website or Facebook site. We are more than willing to provide support in case of need.

  86. alex vossen says:

    \I also do not understand why the 110th was not given the presidential unit citation for they heroic efforts that slowed the enemy\.

    This is also a mystery to me. Recently efforts were done to convince the president to obtain that citation but it was denied again. I don’t know what they need in the presidential office to convince the president that this citation must be granted to the men of the 110th for their sacrifice and commitment. Maybe someone must write here about in the Washington Post to draw his attention on this matter

  87. Mike Healy says:

    RIP the KIA of the 110th infantry on the 69th anniversary of your valiant stand.

  88. Marc Siegel says:

    Peter , sorry to hear that your fathers records were lost in the fire, your not alone I to have requested records from my grand father Morris levy who served in the 447th aaa aw bn battery A in the 28 division, I to was told they were lost in a fire at that physicality. My grand father is lone passed many years ago and it seemed as if I was the only one in the family that was interested I what he did during the war. I read these post and can’t help but cry as to how many people out here are still trying to make some kind of connection with their loved ones and the government has failed them, like my self. A fire……….all is lost…..these veterans deserved a lot more and this is the last place we have to hopefully find information to share between our selves. I have been looking through these internet pages for years and have found bits and pieces of information. If any one has any thing about the 447 the AAA aw bn please respond back. I have a map with dates and places they had been and a list of some of the names when they were last together before being sent back to the states. Thank you for your help. Marc Siegel the grandson….

  89. Karen Noe says:

    Clare, my father, Dohren Richardson, was also in the 28th Infantry, I Co. He was captured Dec. 20, 1944, during the Battle of the Bulge, and held at Stalag IVB Muhlberg. If your father gave you any information about the battle, I wonder if you would be so kind as to pass that information to me? I have been trying to find out details of I Co. during the battle, but there is very little information about them. I did read that I Co. was given the task of holding the town of Weiler, near the Our River.
    I would also highly recommend Alice Flynn’s book, \Unforgettable:The Biography of Capt. Thomas J. Flynn\. Thank you.

  90. Lyle Van Cleave says:

    Mr. Burke
    Was your father from New York…and was name also Bill .William Burke..108 th please email me thanks Lyle

  91. Clare Letourneau says:


    I Company was big and my father was in the 110th, so they might have been together.

    But here’s what he wrote:

    Things were, indeed, quiet too quiet, for on Dec. 16, the Germans unexpectedly launched their Ardennes offensive which became known as the Battle of the Bulge. The German’s first assault was borne by the US’s 28th, 106th, 4th, and 9th Armor Divisions, with the main German salient pushing through the 28th’s 110th Regiment area. Gen. Eisenhower directed that the shoulders of the bulge be held. This was initially done by the 28th’s 112th Regiment in the north and the 109th in the south; the 110th, however, was ordered to hold until division HQ in Wiltz could be evacuated.

    It was in the darkness of the Dec. 16 morning that I was awakened in the HQ building by heavy German shelling and blazing searchlights in the sectors of \I\ and \K\ companies. I alerted HQ personnel with switchboard calls of the pending attack. My role changed quickly from that of a battalion clerk to interrogator of German prisoners to again that of a rifleman. German infantry tanks began to break through our defenses, during that first day, \I\ company fell back to join \ L\ company in Hosingen, and both fell back to strengthen the area around Consthum; \K\ company, having become completely surrounded, surrendered on the second day. The rest of the 3rd Battalion held out until day three, and then finally started a slow retreat to Kautenbach and, then, to Wiltz.

    It was in Consthum, however, where a German prisoner I was interrogating was shot by a GI guarding him (that was what the kid from Tennessee thought he was to do kill Germans!). Later it was at the northeast corner of the village where I and two other soldiers were told to guard a house only to find ourselves under fire from a German Tiger tank, which inadvertently was blowing our building apart in its duel with an American Sherman tank parked at the edge of our house. It was here that an armorpiercing shell from the Tiger tank, missing the Sherman, also missed me by a few inches as it caved in the wall of the house past which I was running. The concussion flipped me headoverheels down the street; surprisingly I held onto my rifle while my helmet flow off ahead of me. It was here, too, that later I joined two other soldiers in a firefight with advancing German infantrymen along one of the village’s side streets, and where, after fighting our way to the east end of the village and after undergoing heavy shelling, I joined the others in our withdrawal from Consthum to Wiltz.

    However, it was in Wiltz that a woman homeowner seeing blood on my face (from slight cuts received earlier from the fine stone blowback of the exploding tank shell hitting the wall) nearly fainted, but nonetheless she helped me clean off my face. In Wiltz, too, was where I encountered our battalion executive officer, who, with his jeep driver and another GI, was en route to find a 105mm cannon at the ordinance depot. Once the gun was found, we hauled it by jeep to a small cemetery on a hill overlooking a road leading into Wiltz. Several rounds were fired at an oncoming German tank forcing it to retreat. And it was in Wiltz with the onset of night that a convoy was organized to carry as many soldiers as possible to Bastogne; and it was during the run out of Wiltz that the convoy encountered and fought its way through a German roadblock, arriving in Bastogne around midnight.

  92. Karen Noe says:

    Clare, thank you so much for your father’s story. Each story helps to give me more of an idea of what my dad and the others went through. Isn’t it sobering to know that if circumstances had been a little different, we might not have been born?!


  93. Karen Noe says:

    George, did those snapshots that you found ever get put on a website? I would love to be able to see them.

    Karen Noe

  94. Andy Bartnowak says:

    My father, Clifford Bartnowak, Buffalo, New York served in the 28th Division, as part of the 28th Signal Corps. He died in 1984, long before I really learned about his unit in the Army. Having read a lot of WW II books in the last several years, makes me even prouder of him. Does anyone out there have a relative who also may have served din the 28th Signal Corps. Thanks,


    • Peter Lion says:

      Andy…I don’t have any relatives who were in the 28th ID signal corps BUT…I did write a book that told the story of a handful of soldiers from the 28th ID, 112 regiment signal company.They were HQ’d in Wiltz, which was the 28th ID headquarters prior to the BOB. Most of those I wrote about are gone however one is still alive at 92 years old. His name is Richard Brookins and the book tells his story. It’s called “The American St. Nick”. There is also a documentary being done about the book/story slated to be released next year at this time (December).
      I’m happy to offer any insight. Cheers.

  95. Don Mariano says:

    My Dad, Vincent Mariano, was with the 110th Infantry, 28th Div., Company D in the Battle of The Bulge. He has passed 10 years ago. My Brother and I have been trying to understand his journey during his time in the Army. Any thoughts will be greatly appreciated. My Dad never spoke about his WW11 days. Thanks.
    Don Mariano

    • Bruce Baker says:

      Hi Don,
      My Dad also was with D Co 1st BN 110th Inf 28ID. He was with them from Aug 1941 until his capture on 18 Dec 1944. I have done a lot of research on dad and his travels. When did your dad join D Company? –

  96. Cindy says:

    My friend is William P Cowgill of the 3rd Army that went up the road to Bastogne to clear it so that supplies could get to the 101 Air bourn who were surrounded. As he got close to the front he was severally shot in the stomach , legs and hand, the Sgt. that was with him was also shot in the stomach. William and the Sgt were thought to be dead but in reality weren’t. Some Germans came and saw that they were still alive and carried them to the American line and surrendered, William can’t remember the name of the Sgt. who was a full blooded Native American. The indian sgt. died but William would like to see him awarded a medal as he stayed with William until he died. The sgt. could have crawled back but he stayed with William trying to keep him warm with his body heat for 14 hours as they laid in the snow waiting to get help or die. If anyone knows of this Sgt. please get in contact with me. Thank you

    • Lisa says:

      Hello Cindy, what an incredible story! I hope that Sgt receives his well-deserved medal.

      Have you tried posting a comment on Facebook pages that are dedicated to the Battle of the Bulge or WWII? Or even Native Americans pages? You might find some help there.

      Good luck,

  97. Kerby says:

    I would very much like to read your dad’s story. Please email it to me at:

  98. jeremy says:

    my great grandpa was norman t hahs he was killed on the 20th but don’t have any personal records if you have anything I would like if you could send me a copy

    • mike healy says:

      You can get his KIA records from the national archives. All I know he was killed with my relative Victor J. Mangin in Munshausen Luxembourg. I have some info from Charles Callen whose Dad was killed in the same action. Send me your email address.

  99. Patty Eggimann says:


    Thank you for your posts. I have been searching for information on my uncle, PFC Richard. J Thorpe for years and came upon this article and these comments two days ago. His real name was John Tracy. My mother is 89 (his younger sister, one of 12 children!) and he left home when he was 17 and she was only 11…as far as I know she never saw him again. This will mean so much to her to finally know how he died, and that he was with his \brothers\ at the end. Her other older brother Jim served also but came home to live a long and happy life. My Dad is also a vet – he is 91 (92 on July 13th!) He was a pilot in WWII (career USAF)…I told him yesterday and he was solemn but very grateful that Mom will have closure. Like most of this generation, he never speaks about war, or at least his personal stories. I am proud of my Dad and my uncles, honor their sacrifice and service today as I do every day, and pray as Dad does that each time we go to war to protect what we hold dear will be the last. God Bless.

    • Mike Healy says:

      Thank you for the kind words. It does my heart good to know your Mother will have closure. In one of Charles Callen’s posts (he has been to Munshausen) he states that the villagers gave them a small church service when they buried them.

  100. Mary Cordes says:

    I am looking for information anyone might have regarding my grandfather, Kenneth Paddock. He was with the 28th Division of the 110th Infantry. He was captured and held in Stalag 9B at Bad Orb. Like a lot of guys from that era, he never talked about his experiences. I have the basic information from the National Archives, but I’m looking for anything else that anyone might have. Grandpa was born and raised in Alton, IL. You can email me at

    If anyone could give me hints for getting his full records (not even sure what they might be) from the NA or any other place I would appreciate it. I’m his granddaughter, so I’m not sure if that will make a difference in what they will release to me.

    Thank you!

  101. […] in the 28th Infantry during that period, but recognized General Strickler for his actions. This excerpt from another source, speaks to his actions: “By the evening of the second day of the offensive, the only […]

  102. Ccil Moser says:

    My brother Clayton Moser was with the 630th TDB. I don’t know what unit of inf. he was with. He only said it was freezing in the fox holes and was always hungry.How can I find out what unit he was with?

  103. Patrick Giron says:

    My uncle, PFC Louis Fernandez, fought during the Battle of the Bulge and was killed in action. I know very little about him and the circumstances of his death other than stories that have been passed down. Apparently he was a scout who was killed during a scouting mission. His remains were unaccounted for until discovered in spring.

    Any personal family records that may have existed are long gone. NPRC and Department of the Army have said his records were destroyed in a fire at the archives decades ago.

    I am desperate to find any information that may lead me to clues about my uncle who died more than 20 years before I was born.

    Thank you,

    Patrick Giron

  104. sharon sadler says:

    my uncle Lester Sadler was held prisoner at bad orb and died a couple of days before his brother ,my father, Gilbert Sadler and his 121st b squadron liberated the camp. lester is buried in New Albany National cemetery. any information you have about Lester would be greatly appreciated. he was a medic. thank you sharon Sadler

  105. Len Jacobsson says:

    HI Bart, I want to thank you for remembering. My uncle was killed on his 26th birthday, December 29,1944. He is buried in Henri-chapelle cemetery. His name was Robert W. Taylor. He is buried in Plot F, Row 12, Grave 35. If you are there sometime, I would like you to give him a salute from me. I again want to thank you and all of your countrymen who still remember and honor the Americans who gave their all.

    Thanks Again, Len Jacobsson

  106. John says:


    I am looking for information on The 61st Combat Engineers.
    I would appreciate any and all information.

    Thank You

  107. Kathy Dowling says:

    My father, Elmer Dowling was in the 28th Division-First Army, Battery D, 447th Anti Aircraft Artillery and was captured in the Battle of the Bulge on 12-18-44. I am traveling to Bastogne, Belgium on November 30th and want to determine if he was captured in Wiltz, Luxembourg. I found a letter from Major James Maguire who was the Executive Officer of the 447th. He wrote it to my mother when he heard my father had died in 1962. He said that in his scrap book was my father’s letter describing the events during mid-December of 1944 when he fought with his gun to the last. Major Maguire later worked for Monsanto and resided in Reading, Massachusetts in March, 1962. I would very much like to find his children who might have this scrap book. Bur for now, I want to visit where the 447th battled and where my father was actually captured. Thank you for any clues. Kathy Dowling

  108. Kathy Dowling says:

    My father, Elmer Dowling, was in the 28th Division-First Army Battery D, 447th Anti Aircraft Artillery and was missing in action on December 18th, 1944 in Luxembourgh. He escaped the German camp but did not talk about it. Upon his death in 1962, Major James Maguire sent my mother a letter saying he now worked for Monsanto and that my father wrote a detailed account of the battle and the Major had it in his scrap book. This shows the quality of men as Major Maguire living in Reading, Massachusetts found out my father was killed and wrote a 3 page letter that I have to my mother. I am trying to find the children of Major Maguire. I am not sure if this is related to your search but just in case, I wanted to provide the little I know. Kathy

    • Marc Siegel says:

      Dear, Kathy,
      Thank you for the note back. Would love to find out what you discover from your trip over seas. It funny I live in Springfield, Massachusetts
      And the has an old Monsanto plant that has since changed hands, wounded if that’s where he used to work. Let me know if I can help you with the research on the exc.major, may help us both. Mssiegel email

  109. Bruce Baker says:

    Hi Don,
    My Dad also was with D Co 1st BN 110th Inf 28ID. He was with them from Aug 1941 until his capture on 18 Dec 1944. I have done a lot of research on dad and his travels. When did your dad join D Company?

  110. Daniel Bernardy says:

    First, thank you for your conscientious understanding and efforts to help people connect.
    I came across your name while researching for info regarding my grandfather. He was a member of the 12th infantry, company E, taken prisoner on the 20DEC44 in Echternoch. I lived with him when he passed in 1968, but I was only 7, so I never heard any of his stories.
    I would like to start a dialogue with you to learn more about his time there, as well as to find out if I have family there. My great great grandparents were Henry Bernardy born in Arlon in 1837, and Mary Schumisch born in Sous in 1843. Interested in helping?

  111. Wayne nelson says:

    My Dad Robert Wayne nelson (Bob or Bobby) just passed away did 6 campaigns in the battle of the bulge wish I knew more. Army air corp.

  112. Kathy dowling says:

    I am in Paris and will be in Bastogne on December 2nd and our tour guide, Henri Mignoit, will explore areas that my father may have fought. I will report back after my trip.

    • CHUCK CALLEN says:

      My father PFC Wendell E. Callen Company C, 110th Inf Reg. was killed Dec 18th, in Munshausen Luxembourg . I visited this area a couple of years ago and met some of the local villigers who were awsome. I was taken to the spot where my father was killed and to the church where he was buried. He was there until April 1945 when he was removed along with 6 other soldiers and re-buried in Foy Belgium. I had a long conversation with a villige elder who was a young man when the battle took place. He told me how the villigers recovered the bodies of the Americans and hid them from the Germans and then build the wooden boxes and had a small ceremony and buried them. This really brought closure to my life and I was thankful that I was able to converse and have lunch with these individuals.

  113. Baufays stephane says:

    Baufays stephane I reponsable the 28th group ID Memory
    We participate in reenactments, honor guard, and many other things
    we try to find traces of soldiers from the 28th
    if you have any documents, papers, stories, and if you want to help the duty of memory, you can send me copies of your documents
    To show our seriousness in this work visit our facebook 28th ID Memory
    gold our website

    thank you all for your help

  114. Mike Healy says:

    God Bless Company C of 110th infantry on the 70th anniversary of their valiant stand @ Munshausen. “The sharpshooters of Munshausen”.

  115. Bernice Rebarchak says:

    My Father; Bernard G. Rebarchak, is still living and is 90 years old. He served with the 28th Division, 110th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Battalion, H Company.

    My Father never talked about the war.

    I have 5 brothers and my 3 younger brothers were always playing army this was the 60’s. They had army outfits, helmets, canteens and play rifles, and were constantly listening to a \Green Beret Album\. One summer evening after dinner, we as a family would sit around the dinner table and talk about our day. They had been playing army all day and they insisted they were part of the \Bloody Bucket\ the 28th Division, 110th, H Company…Just like Dad. Well, this one evening I will never forget, one of my brothers asked Dad, \Dad how many Germans did you kill\? His answer was none. Change the subject, he wouldn’t talk about it. I along with my two older brothers knew this was not true.

    It was a nightmare and a time Dad wanted to put and keep behind him. Dad entered WWII at the age of 18 yrs.old. He was in Five European Battles, was never once injured nor was he ever captured.

    My Mother and Father would come to California and spend the winters with me their only Daughter. They did this for 17 some years. A few years ago while they were visiting for the winter my Dad started to open up to me about the war.

    He would tell me something then could not talk any more about it. This one winter, he began to open up to me and would tell me a story or an incident. Then another day he would tell me something else. This happened the entire winter.

    I told Dad, \I am going to write a book, your WWII story\. In \2011\ I did indeed write a book about my Dad’s WWII experienced. I finished it right before his 87 Birthday. I never had it \Publicly Published\ but I published it for my Dad, Mom and my Five Brothers.

    My Father cried when I gave it to him and as he read every page he just shook his head and said, \I don’t know how I ever made it out alive, never once injured and never captured\. He then said, \It was through the Grace of God\.

    In the battle of the \Hurtgen Forest\ what was called the Green Hell. This is where Dad, meet and talked with -5- Star General of the U.S. Army, \Dwight D. Eisenhower\. Eisenhower asked my Dad, \Solder, were are your overshoes / winter boots why don’t you have your winter boots on\? Dad said, \Sis we our division were not given any winter boots\. Eisenhower, couldn’t believe what he saw. The men of the 28th, 110th, H Company had no winter boots and they were up to their knees in mud and snow. Eisenhower, then drove himself to a hospital area the \Rear Echelon\ and rounded up all the boots that a large truck could carry. Eisenhower, personally drove back and personally walked up to my Dad and handed my Dad a pair of winter boots. My father said, It was like getting the best gift ever!

    My Dad, was a Jeep Driver for the 28th Division, 110th, H Company. I have a picture of him and a few of his buddies with his jeep… There names are George Evets, Jessie Downing, Zimple (Nickname) of the one guy, Dad could think of his real name, and a guy named Hank.

    My Dad talked about a man / kid, he meet in basic training, his name was \Dominic Maggio\, from Tampa, Florida. He said he often to this day thinks about him and what ever happened to him?

    I am blessed to still have my Father and my Mother.

    I agree; I do not think the 28th Division has received the credit they truly deserve.

    All of these men / boys who served in WWII to make us the United States a \Free Country\, are TRUE HERO’S!

    • Mike Healy says:

      Very true words. God bless your father.

    • Terry says:

      Could this be the Dominic Maggio from your dad’s years in WWII? I simply googled his name and ‘Tampa FLorida’ and this came up.

    • Terry says:

      Or maybe this is him.

      MAGGIO, DOMINICK VALENTI, 79, of Tampa, died Monday (Feb. 17, 2003). A native of Tampa, he was a graduate of Hillsborough High School. He was an Army sergeant in World War II. He attended the University of Tampa, and became a store manager in home furnishings for Sears, later moving to Maas Brothers. He moved to California in 1964 to become the assistant general manager of Leisure World, before starting his own floor covering business. He moved back to Tampa in 1970, working as an agent for Metropolitan Life Insurance. Later, he opened D. Maggio & Sons, operating until the late 1980s. Survivors include his wife, Irene Maggio; four sons, Michael F., Tampa, Dominick F., Boca Raton, I. David, St. Petersburg, and Louis J., Jacksonville; a sister, Norma Jean Estrada; and eight grandchildren. Gonzalez Funeral Home, Tampa.

    • Terry says:

      One last item! ;-)

      At the University of South Florida, they have a series of inteews with folks . One man stated:

      AM: The only time I ever went looking for a job was at Sears and the guy tells, “Hire this guy, he’s a good softball player” (laughs), and he used to play softball with me at
      Cuscaden Park, his name was Dominic Maggio.

      CC: Maggio? Okay.

      AM: Dominic Maggio, and he worked at Sears a long time. Then he quit and he went on his own and had a carpet business in Tampa, he’s—and he has—he’s related to the Fonte Family. His wife was Fonte.

      CC: Fonte?

      AM: F-o-n-t-e, an old family. West Tampa, used to have a dry cleaning business and
      everything else. But he worked and—he turned around and, “Hire this guy, he’s a good softball player.”

  116. tommy crews says:

    My Grandfather, Thomas Hardy Crews, was in B Company 86th Chemical Mortar Battalion which was attached to 28th Infantry during the Battle of Huertgen Forest…I believe they were in direct support of the 112th Infantry Regiment……i’m tring to find any After Action Reports during that battle that may go into more detail the actions the 86th Chem Mortar Bn. took while with the 112th Inf Reg.

  117. John Kirkpatrick says:


    My Father-in-Law, Richard (Dick) Rager and his best friend Ira (Buzz) McAfoos, were both stationed there during that time period and with that unit. I might be able to get some answers to your questions if you are still looking.

  118. Shane Ivey says:

    My grandfather flew bombing raids over town of Prum in battle of bulge. I have cotter keys pulled from bombs before dropping. would love to post pics . If you would like to see put email address and ill send you pic I think he was door gunner on b26 not sure im trying to gather info. Any body in my family that could tell me is gone now. His name was Tom Slade.

  119. Jim Jacobs says:

    My father was in the 28th Infantry, I remember him speaking of parading thru Paris and spending time in Luxemburg. But unfortunately
    didn’t get more information about what actions he saw there. Any information about Earl Jimmie Jacobs would be appreciated!

  120. Dan Wise says:

    In response to you note dated 12/26/12. My father was also in Co. M, 110th Inf. He was one of three left to blow the bridge over the river Wiltz, I made contact with a German, who was a young teen in Wiltz at the time of the battle. His name is Wilhelm Gellin. He wrote a book about the war and about Wiltz. The book is: Jung Volk. My father, Odis, is mentioned in his book 5-6 times. My father, wounded badly, was taken into his friends home, treated, and then taken to Bastogne (this was on the 19th of Dec.. Of the 144 men in Co. M, at the start of the Battle, 19 survived. My father died in Jan. 1998. He was 33, when he went into the Army, which is pretty old for a combat soldier. If you get this, I would love to hear from you. Dan

    • Chris Arnold says:

      My father was a survivor of Company M, also. I didn’t realize that only 19 made it. He was a 30 cal. machine gunner and a purple heart recipient.
      Chris Arnold

  121. Kevin Schneider says:

    I am trying to learn more about Charels Giesel. He’s my grandfather. He was a rifleman in the 110th. Regiment. He died in 1953 due to a car accident. My grandmother rarely spoke of him and she passed away in 1994. My mother was 9 when my grandfather died. So we don’t know much about his time in. WWII

  122. John c stubenbord, MD says:

    My father was Jess Stubenbord, MD- a Captain in the AUS MC, a surgeon in the battle of the Bulge. He operated in the US Army Hospitals in the Ardennes during the battle. He was an anatomist and a very clever surgeon and performed brain, chest, abdominal and orthopedic surgery from June 1942- March 1946. He was discharged as Major in England 3/46. Anyone remember my father? He died in his native Buffalo on May 19, 1955.

  123. JOHN R JIRIK says:

    My uncle, PFC George R Jirik, was also a jeep driver, assigned to H Co, 110th Inf Regt; killed in action on 22 August 1944, vic Vernueil, France. I have some pics, a couple with his jeep, some showing him with my dad together in England before the 28th was sent across the channel. Dad later went to the town and interviewed some of the locals concerning the ambush on the convoy that occurred. Dad wrote a memo on the interview, I read when I was kid, but the memo was misplaced/lost. Have also a picture my dad took at the time, showing the location where the jeep burned after hitting a land mine. Have copy of a letter written to my grandparents informing them of the location of my uncle’s initial burial in France. I would like to find out more information about what happened at the time my uncle was killed, and who else was involved/perished during the same incident … all records lost during the St Louis MO fire in the archives. My father transferred to the 75th Infantry Division subsequent to my uncle’s death, and served in that division until November 1945.

  124. baufays stephane says:

    I am researching the soldiers of the 28th
    can you send me the info from your Uncle hus that copies of photos / documents? this will be a real pleasure for me

    pls visit Facebook > 28th ID Memory
    website >

    and my mail for your information >>>
    Thanks you all and Roll’On

  125. Pamela Matteoni says:

    Like everyone else I am looking for information about my father’s time with the 28th Division, he was in Company B, 110th Infantry. He was awarded the Bronze Star and Purple Heart. I would try and get information from him but it was scant.

    He trained in New Orleans, then Florida, and was in Washington DC for awhile and thought he was going the the Pacific Theater and wondered why he was issued \winter\ uniforms. He was \informed\ nope they were headed to England. In England he was billeted in an English home and always kept hitting his head on the low ceilings. His funniest story from there is American soldiers stealing the sewer grates so they could grill on them (I don’t know if this is true) and someone broke their leg when they stepped into the open sewer.

    He was in Paris and marched in the parade (and drank a far share of wine).

    My dad would watch \Combat\ all the time and would tell me about fighting in the hedgerows and passing Germans and Poles on the other side. (His mother was from Bohemia)

    He did tell me he passed through Bastogne and went on into the Huertgen Forest, where the shards (pieces of trees) from the German’s artillery fire was just deadly. He and another solder were captured in the Huertgen, but whe the enemy’s artillery started, everyone dispersed.

    Another story he told was one that when he and another soldier were sent to blow up a bridge they discovered they forgot the blasting/detonator caps and they had to shoot at the demolitions they had planted.

    I don’t know when or where he was wounded but he said he was hit by machine gun fire from a pillbox. The bullets entered both legs and his left leg. When he was transported to a field hospital on a stretcher that was on a jeep and his badly wounded leg kept falling off the stretcher and landing in between the stretcher and the jeep. He said that the pressure mad his leg feel better, but it was always being placed back on the stretcher.

    He had over 70 operations on his legs and had his left amputated below the knee. He was in San Antonio for treatment (which was great because his uncle would pack him up in a pickup and take him and his buddies out for steak). He then was moved to Battle Creek Michigan to Percy Jones Hospital. It was there he met my mother Captain Kathleen Willis who was a nurse there.

    One last thing I remember asking my dad why he didn’t see any of his \buddies) from the Army, he replied that most of them had died.

  126. Pamela Matteoni says:

    Oops, I forgot to say my dad’s name TSgt Robert Charles Matteoni from Chicago, he was a radio operator.

  127. baufays stephane says:

    MATTEONI ROBERT C 07/30/1921 11/15/2004 US ARMY TSGT

  128. C Jarvis says:

    Hello All,

    Thank you for all the insights you have shared with everyone.
    I would just like to share a bit of information to you all and I hope
    that someone might have a photo of my father in law that you could share with me.

    First link is a bit of history on Stalag 9B where alot of NCO’s were placed
    (Main portion of Americans were part of the 110th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division that were captured at the battle of the bulge)

    Next is a book called Forever a Soldier
    (Has a bunch of Info on POW’s from WW2)

    Next is a narrative of what happened in 9B from my Father-in-law
    (Has a few peoples names it in so if you see someone your related to please say Hi)

    And Finally a PBS video called “Berga Soldiers of Another war”
    This documentary gives first hand accounts of the story of 350 American POWs
    that were detained during the “Battle of the Bulge” and sent to Stalag 9B.

    If anyone has any pictures of Johann C F Kasten IV (Chief man of Confidence) during the war it would very much be appreciated.


    Thank you

    C Kasten-Jarvis

  129. Barry Webster says:

    My father, Bryce Webster, I Company, 3rd Battalion, 112th Regiment, 28th Infantry Division during WWII always said he had an angle sitting on his shoulder. He seldom spoke of the war but when I was drafted during the Viet Nam war, he gave me a medallion he wore on his dog tags that was given to him by a French soldier just outside of Paris as they both shared a fox-hole. That medallion is still attached to my dog tags and is tucked away in the pocket of my uniform.

    My father landed in France with the 28th, was a mortar man through the hedge rows, the Hertzgen Forest, and the Battle of the bulge when “I” company was over-run. He and several other men worked their way to Bastogne and were helped by the Belgians along the way. When they finally reached Bastogne, they had to fire upon American soldiers and fight their way into Bastogne as the were assumed to be Germans dressed as Americans. The Germans, at the same time, were firing upon Bastogne so they were caught between the Germans and Americans. Approaching the Americans with German tanks firing from behind them, they raised their hands and guns to the American but were fired upon and mortars blocked their movement into the city (he stated in his later years that he hoped he had not killed Americans). The stories that he finally told in his last years were of mortar shells that landed next to him that were duds, a “screeming meemi” that hit the trees above his fox hole and fell in it that ended up being a dud, and the bullet holes through the collar, sleeves, and tail of his trench coat speak of the angel on his shoulder or the power of the medallion. The only injuries that my father sustained during the war was a broken ankle, frozen feet that bothered him till the day he died, and yellow-jaundice. He was there at the crossing of the Rhine and came home and married my mother at the end of the war. He seldom spoke of the war and usually stated, when asked about it, that the war drifted away a little more each day that he was on the ship bringing him home.

    Last year, 2013, my father passed away. He was a great father. Upon his death bed and in a semi-conscious state his final words to by brother while searching frantically around his bed sheets were, “Damn it, I’m out of ammo. Give me some more ammo. We can’t let them get through”. He then took his last breath and he left with the angel.

  130. Jack Foley says:

    It’s wonderful to read so many tributes to the GIs. My dad was 1st Lt. John A. Foley, Jr., 28ID MP platoon, HQCO. He slipped out of Wiltz early morning 12/19/44 with Gen. Cota, Major Fellman, et. al., in two jeeps. They made their way to Bastogne to set up new CP. Somewhere in that time frame all HQ documents, including after action reports, were destroyed so as not to fall into enemy hands. Cota and my dad and a small group of 28th men ended up nearby in Sibret, which changed hands a couple of times, then a bit further south to Neufchateau where the 28th estabished CP and was regrouping and meeting up with Patton. The 28th’s HQ building was bombed in the first-ever jet bombing in history by Hitler’s then ‘secret’ new jet bomber. The people and city of Neufchateau in Sept. 2014 held a 70th anniversary ceremony with dedication of a monument to the 28th, all arranged by the 28th ID Memory, a terrific and dedicated group in Belgium that works tirelessly to keep alive the memory of the 28th and its soldiers. The appreciation for the American GI in that region of the world is profound and deep and generational. Wish my father had gone back and had experienced how he and the other GIs are remembered and honored and loved. — Jack Foley

  131. Matthew Bryant Bradish says:

    No mention of B Co., 2nd Tank Battalion. Major flaw.

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