Today in History: September 27. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
September 27

1540   The Society of Jesus, a religious order under Ignatius Loyola, is approved by the Pope.
1669   The island of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea falls to the Ottoman Turks after a 21-year siege.
1791   Jews in France are granted French citizenship.
1864   Confederate guerrilla Bloody Bill Anderson and his henchmen, including a teenage Jesse James, massacre 20 unarmed Union soldiers at Centralia, Missouri. The event becomes known as the Centralia Massacre.
1869   Wild Bill Hickok, sheriff of Hays City, Kan., shoots down Samuel Strawhim, a drunken teamster causing trouble.
1916   Constance of Greece declares war on Bulgaria.
1918   President Woodrow Wilson opens his fourth Liberty Loan campaign to support men and machines for World War I.
1920   Eight Chicago White Sox players are charged with fixing the 1919 World Series.
1939   Germany occupies Warsaw as Poland falls to Germany and the Soviet Union.
1942   Australian forces defeat the Japanese on New Guinea in the South Pacific.
1944   Thousands of British troops are killed as German forces rebuff their massive effort to capture the Arnhem Bridge across the Rhine River in Holland.
1950   U.S. Army and Marine troops liberate Seoul, South Korea.
1956   The U.S. Air Force Bell X-2, the world’s fastest and highest-flying plane, crashes, killing the test pilot.
1964   The Warren Commission, investigating the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, issues its report, stating its conclusion that Lee Harvey Oswald was the sole gunman.
1979   US Congress approves Department of Education as the 13th agency in the US Cabinet.
1983   Sukhumi massacre: Abkhaz separatist forces and their allies commit widespread atrocities against the civilian population in the USSR state of Georgia.
1996   The Taliban capture Afghanistan’s capital city, Kabul.
2003   European Space Agency launches SMART-1 satellite to orbit the moon.
2007   NASA launches Dawn probe to explore and study the two larges objects of the asteroid belt, Vesta and Ceres.
2008   Shai Shigang becomes the first Chinese to walk in space; he was part of the Shenzhou 7 crew.

Born on September 27

1722   Samuel Adams, American revolutionary patriot and statesman, helped to organize the Boston Tea Party.
1840   Alfred T. Mahan, navy admiral who wrote The Influence of Seapower on History and other books that encouraged world leaders to build larger navies.
1840   Thomas Nast, caricaturist, creator of the Democratic donkey and the Republican elephant.
1862   Louis Botha, commander-in-chief of the Boar Army against the British and first president of South Africa.
1898   Vincent Youmans, songwriter best known for musical scores such as No, No Nanette and Flying Down to Rio.
1917   Louis Auchincloss, novelist (Portait in Brownstone, The Embezzler).
1924   Bud Powell, jazz pianist.
1927   Red Rodney, trumpeter.
1945   Stephanie Pogue, artist and art professor.
1947   Meat Loaf, singer, songwriter (Bat Out of Hell album trilogy), actor (The Rocky Horror Picture Show, Fight Club).
1948   Robin "The Jackal" Jackson, Northern Ireland loyalist, commander of Ulster Volunteer Force (1975-1990s); allegedly responsible for a large number of deaths, perhaps more than 100.
1958   Shaun Cassidy, singer ("Da Doo Ron Ron"), actor, TV producer / creator, screenwriter (American Gothic).
1965   Peter MacKay, lawyer, politician; last leader of Progressive Conservative Party of Canada before it merged with the Canadian Alliance in 2003 to form the Conservative Party of Canada.

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