Today in History: September 12. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History

September 12
490 BC   Athenian and Plataean Hoplites commanded by General Miltiades drive back a Persian invasion force under General Datis at Marathon.
1213   Simon de Montfort defeats Raymond of Toulouse and Peter II of Aragon at Muret, France.
1609   Henry Hudson sails into what is now New York Harbor aboard his sloop Half Moon.
1662   Governor Berkley of Virginia is denied his attempts to repeal the Navigation Acts.
1683   A combined Austrian and Polish army defeats the Turks at Kahlenberg and lifts the siege on Vienna, Austria.
1722   The Treaty of St. Petersburg puts an end to the Russo-Persian War.
1786   Despite his failed efforts to suppress the American Revolution, Lord Cornwallis is appointed governor general of India.
1836   Mexican authorities crush the revolt which broke out on August 25.
1918   British troops retake Havincourt, Moeuvres, and Trescault along the Western Front.
1919   Adolf Hitler joins German Worker’s Party.
1939   In response to the invasion of Poland, the French Army advances into Germany. On this day they reach their furthest penetration-five miles.
1940   Italian forces begin an offensive into Egypt from Libya.
1940   The Lascaux Caves in France, with their prehistoric wall paintings, are discovered.
1944   American troops fight their way into Germany.
1945   French troops land in Indochina.
1969   President Richard Nixon orders a resumption in bombing North Vietnam.
1977   Steve Biko, a South African activist opposing apartheid, dies while in police custody.
1980   Military coup in Turkey.
1990   East and West Germany, along with the UK, US and USSR—the Allied nations that had occupied post-WWII Germany—sign the final settlement for reunification of Germany.
1992   Space Shuttle Endeavor takes off on NASA’s 50th shuttle mission; its crew includes the first African-American woman in space, the first married couple, and the first Japanese citizen to fly in a US spacecraft.
2003   UN lifts sanctions against Libya in exchange for that country accepting responsibility for the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 in 1988 and paying recompense to victims’ families.
2007   Joseph Estrada, former president of the Philippines, is convicted of plunder.
2011   In New York City, the 9/11 Memorial Museum opens to the public.

Born on September 12

1812   Richard March Hoe, who built the first successful rotary printing press.
1829   Charles Dudley Warner, essayist and novelist who, with Mark Twain, wrote The Guilded Age.
1880   H.L. Mencken, jornalist and iconoclast known as the "Sage of Baltimore."
1888   Maurice Chevalier, singer, dancer and actor.
1892   Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher.
1910   Alexander D. Langmuir, epidemiologist, created and led the U.S. Epidemic Intelligence Service.
1913   Jesse Owens, track and field athlete who won four medals at the Berlin Olympics in 1936.
1931   Kristin Hunter, author (God Bless the Child, The Survivors).
1931   George Jones, country singer.
1943   Michael Ondaatje, Canadian novelist and poet (The English Patient).
1949   Charles "Chic" Burlingame III, pilot of American Airlines Flight 77, that was highjacked and flown into the Pentagon on Sept. 11, 2001, by terrorists.
1956   Brian Robertson, singer, songwriter, musician (Thin Lizzy, Motorhead, Wild Horses bands).
1956   Richard "Ricky" Rudd, known as the "Iron Man" of NASCAR racing; he holds the record for the most consecutive NASCAR starts.
1981   Jennifer Hudson, singer, actress; numerous awards include a Grammy (Jennifer Hudson, 2008), and Oscar, Golden Globe and British Academy awards (Dreamgirls, 2006).

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