Today in History: October 16. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
October 16

1555   The Protestant martyrs Bishop Hugh Latimer and Bishop Nicholas Ridley are burned at the stake for heresy in England.
1701   Yale University is founded as The Collegiate School of Kilingworth, Connecticut by Congregationalists who consider Harvard too liberal.
1793   Queen Marie Antoinette is beheaded by guillotine during the French Revolution.
1846   Ether was first administered in public at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston by Dr. William Thomas Green Morton during an operation performed by Dr. John Collins Warren.
1859   Abolitionist John Brown, with 21 men, seizes the U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry, Va. U.S. Marines capture the raiders, killing several. John Brown is later hanged in Virginia for treason.
1901   President Theodore Roosevelt incites controversy by inviting black leader Booker T. Washington to the White House.
1908   The first airplane flight in England is made at Farnsborough, by Samuel Cody, a U.S. citizen.
1934   Mao Tse-tung decides to abandon his base in Kiangsi due to attacks from Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists. With his pregnant wife and about 30,000 Red Army troops, he sets out on the "Long March."
1938   Billy the Kid, a ballet by Aaron Copland, opens in Chicago.
1940   Benjamin O. Davis becomes the U.S. Army’s first African American Brigadier General.
1946   Ten Nazi war criminals are hanged in Nuremberg, Germany.
1969   The New York Mets win the World Series four games to one over the heavily-favored Baltimore Orioles.
1973   Israeli General Ariel Sharon crosses the Suez Canal and begins to encircle two Egyptian armies.
1978   The college of cardinals elects 58-year-old Karol Cardinal Wojtyla, a Pole, the first non-Italian Pope since 1523.
1984   A baboon heart is transplanted into 15-day-old Baby Fae–the first transplant of the kind–at Loma Linda University Medical Center, California. Baby Fae lives until November 15.
1995   The Million Man March for ‘A Day of Atonement’ takes place in Washington, D.C.
1995   Skye Bridge opens over Loch Alsh, Scotland
1998   General Augusto Pinochet, former dictator of Chile, arrested in London for extradition on murder charges
2002   Inaugural opening of Bibliotheca Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt., a modern library and cultural center commemorating the famed Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity

Born on October 16

1758   Noah Webster, U.S. teacher, lexicographer and publisher who wrote the American Dictionary of the English Language.
1797   Lord Cardigan, leader of the famed Light Brigade.
1849   George Washington Wiliams, historian, clergyman and politician.
1854   Oscar Wilde, dramatist, poet, novelist and critic.
1886   David Ben-Gurion, Israeli statesman.
1888   Eugene O’Neill, Nobel Prize-winning playwright (A Long Day’s Journey Into Night, The Iceman Cometh).
1898   William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
1906   Cleanth Brooks, Kentucky-born writer and educator.
1919   Kathleen Winsor, writer Forever Amber.
1925   Angela Lansbury, stage, screen, and TV actress
1927   Gunther Grass, novelist, playwright, painter and sculptor best known for his first novel, The Tin Drum.
1930   Dan Pagis, Romanian-born Israeli poet.
1931   Charles "Chuck" Colson, special counsel to Pres. Richard Nixon (1969-73);  one of the "Watergate Seven," he was sentenced to prison for obstruction of justice.
1949   Suzanne Somers, actress (Three’s Company TV series).
1958   Tim Robbins, actor, screenwriter, director, producer; won Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in Mystic River 2003.
1969   Roy Hargrove, jazz trumpeter; won Grammy Awards for albums in 1998 (Habana) and 2002 (Directions in Music).
1977   John Mayer, singer, songwriter, musician, producer; won Grammy for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance ("Your Body is a Wonderland," 2003).
2003   Princess Kritika of Nepal.