Today in History: November 15 | HistoryNet MENU

Today in History: November 15

What Happened This Day In History.

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.


Today in History
November 15

1315   Swiss soldiers ambush and slaughter invading Austrians in the battle of Morgarten.
1533   The explorer Francisco Pizarro enters Cuzco, Peru.
1626   The Pilgrim Fathers, who have settled in New Plymouth, buy out their London investors.
1777   The Articles of Confederation, instituting perpetual union of the United States of America, are adopted by Congress.
1805   Meriwether Lewis, William Clark and their party reach the mouth of the Columbia River, completing their trek to the Pacific.
1806   Explorer Zebulon Pike discovers the Colorado Peak that bears his name, despite the fact that he didn’t climb it.
1864   Union Major General William T. Sherman‘s troops set fires that destroy much of Atlanta’s industrial district prior to beginning Sherman’s March to the Sea.
1881   The American Federation of Labor is founded.
1909   R. Metrot takes off in a Voisin biplane from Algiers, making the first manned flight in Africa.
1917   Kerensky flees and Bolsheviks take command in Moscow.
1920   Forty-one nations open the first League of Nations session in Geneva..
1922   It is announced that Dr. Alexis Carrel has discovered white corpuscles.
1930   General strikes and riots paralyze Madrid, Spain.
1937   Eighteen lawsuits are brought against the Tennessee Valley Authority, calling for its dissolution.
1942   Having lost its second battleship in as many days, the Japanese navy withdraws from Guadalcanal. Following this three-day confrontation, the initiative at Guadalcanal, in the Solomons and the entire Pacific passes irretrievably from the Japanese to the Americans. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1946   The 17th Paris Air Show opens at the Grand Palais des Champs-Elysees. It is the first show of this kind since World War II.
1952   Newark Airport in New Jersey reopens after closing earlier in the year because of an increase in accidents.
1957   Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev asserts Soviet superiority in missiles, challenging the United States to a rocket-range shooting match.
1960   The first submarine with nuclear missiles, the USS George Washington, takes to sea from Charleston, South Carolina.
1962   Cuba threatens to down U.S. planes on reconnaissance flights over its territory.
1963   Argentina voids all foreign oil contracts.
1965   In the second day of combat, regiments of the 1st Cavalry Division battle on Landing Zones X-Ray against North Vietnamese forces in the Ia Drang Valley.
1969   A quarter of a million anti-Vietnam War demonstrators march in Washington, D.C.
1976   A Syrian peace force takes control of Beirut, Lebanon.
1984   Baby Fae dies 20 days after receiving a baboon heart transplant in Loma Linda, California.
1985   An Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret Fitzgerald.
1988   The Palestinian National Council proclaims an independent State of Palestine.
1990   The People’s Republic of Bulgaria is replaced by a new republican government.
2007   Cyclone Sidr strikes Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5,000 people.
Born on November 15
1708   William Pitt the Elder, secretary of state of England whose strategies helped win the Seven Years War.
1738   Sir William Hershel, British astronomer who discovered Uranus.
1887   Georgia O’Keefe, American artist.
1891   Erwin Rommel, German field marshal in World War II.
1906   Curtis LeMay, a general in the US Army Air Corps and later the US Air Force; vice presidential running mate of George Wallace in 1968; credited with planning the strategic bombing campaign against Imperial Japan during WWII.
1907   Claus von Stauffenberg, German army officer; a leader in the failed July 20, 1944, assassination attempt against Adolf Hitler.
1913   Guy Green, English film director, screenwriter, cinematographer; won an Academy Award for cinematography for Great Expectations (1946); received a Lifetime Achievement Award from BAFTA (2002) and was named an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (2004).
1925   Howard Baker, American politician; Senate Majority Leader (1981-85), White House Chief of Staff under Ronald Reagan (1987-88), Ambassador to Japan (2001-05).
1939   W. C. Clark, blues musician known as the “Godfather of Austin Blues.”.
1940   Sam Waterston, actor, producer, director (The Killing Fields; TV movie Lincoln; Jack McCoy on the Law & Order TV series).
1941   Daniel Pinkwater, author best known for his children’s books and Young Adult fiction (The Snarkout Boys and The Avocado of Death).
1942   Daniel Barenboim, Israeli pianist and conductor.