Today in History: November 14 | HistoryNet MENU

Today in History: November 14

What Happened This Day In History.

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.


Today in History
November 14

1501   Arthur Tudor of England marries Katherine of Aragon.
1812   As Napoleon Bonaparte‘s army retreats form Moscow, temperatures drop to 20 degrees below zero.
1851   Herman Melville’s novel Moby Dick is published in New York.
1882   Billy Clairborne, a survivor of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, loses his life in a shoot-out with Buckskin Frank Leslie.
1908   Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.
1910   Lieutenant Eugene Ely, U.S. Navy, becomes the first man to take off in an airplane from the deck of a ship. He flew from the ship Birmingham at Hampton Roads to Norfolk.
1921   The Cherokee Indians ask the U.S. Supreme Court to review their claim to 1 million acres of land in Texas.
1922   The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins the first daily radio broadcasts from Marconi House.
1930   Right-wing militarists in Japan attempt to assassinate Premier Hamaguchi.
1935   Manuel Luis Quezon is sworn in as the first Filipino president, as the Commonwealth of the Philippines is inaugurated.
1940   German bombers drop 500 tons of explosives, 33,000 incendiary bombs, and dozens of parachute mines on the industrial city of Coventry, England. In the aftermath of the raid, 507 civilians are killed and 420 are seriously injured. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1951   The United States and Yugoslavia sign a military aid pact.
1951   French paratroopers capture Hoa Binh, Vietnam.
1960   New Orleans integrates two all-white schools.
1960   President Dwight Eisenhower orders U.S. naval units into the Caribbean after Guatemala and Nicaragua charge Castro with starting uprisings.
1961   President John Kennedy increases the number of American advisors in Vietnam from 1,000 to 16,000.
1963   Iceland gets a new island when a volcano pushes its way up out of the sea five miles off the southern coast.
1963   Greece frees hundreds who were jailed in the Communist uprising of 1944-1950.
1965   The U.S. First Cavalry Division battles with the North Vietnamese Army in the Ia Drang Valley, the first ground combat for American troops.
1968   Yale University announces its plan to go co-ed.
1969   The United States launches Apollo 12, the second mission to the Moon, from Cape Kennedy.
1979   US President Jimmy Carter freezes all Iranian assets in the United States in response to Iranian militants holding more than 50 Americans hostage.
1982   Lech Walesa, leader of Poland’s outlawed Solidarity movement, is released by communist authorities after 11 months confinement; he would win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 and be elected Poland’s president in 1990.
1984   The Space Shuttle Discovery‘s crew rescues a second satellite.
1990   Poland and the Federal Republic of Germany sign a treaty officially making the Oder-Neisse line the border between their countries.
1995   A budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the US Congress forces temporary closure of national parks and museums; federal agencies are forced to operate with skeleton staff.
2001   Northern Alliance fighters take control of Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul.
2008   The first G-20 economic summit convenes, in Washington, DC.
2012   Israel launches Operation Pillar of Defense against the Hamas-governed Gaza Strip.
Born on November 14
1650   William III, King of England (1689-1702).
1765   Robert Fulton, American engineer who invented the first steamboat.
1840   Claude Monet, French impressionist painter.
1889   Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian nationalist leader.
1900   Aaron Copeland, American composer whose works include Billy the Kidd, Appalachian Spring and Fanfare for the Common Man.
1906   Louise Brooks, silent film star, symbol of the 1920s flapper.
1907   Astrid Lindgren, Swedish children’s writer (Pippi Longstocking).
1908   Joseph McCarthy, anti-Communist senator from Wisconsin.
1908   Harrison Sallisbury, journalist for The New York Times.
1917   Park Chung-hee, Korean general and statesman; led the 1961 coup that overthrew the Korean Second Republic; elected president 1963; assassinated Oct. 26, 1979.
1921   Brian Keith, actor (The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming).
1922   Veronica Lake, actress (Sullivan’s Travels).
1927   McLean Stevenson, actor; best known for his role as Lt. Col. Henry Blake on the TV series M*A*S*H.
1930   Edward Higgins White II, engineer, astronaut; the first American to “walk” in space (June 3, 1965); died in an explosion at Cape Canaveral (Cape Kennedy) during prelaunch testing for the first manned Apollo mission.
1935   Hussein of Jordan, King of Jordan (1952–1999); second Arab head of state to recognize Israel as a sovereign nation.
1947   Buckwheat Zydeco (Stanley Dural Jr.), accordion player, zydeco artist.
1948   Charles, Prince of Wales, heir to the throne of England.
1954   Condoleezza Rice, US Secretary of State under Pres. George W. Bush (2005–2009).