Today in History: June 30
What Happened This Day In History.
A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.
Today in History
|1520||Montezuma II is murdered as Spanish conquistadors flee the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan during the night.|
|1857||Charles Dickens reads from A Christmas Carol at St. Martin’s Hall in London–his first public reading.|
|1859||Jean Francois Gravelet aka Emile Blondin, a French daredevil, becomes the first man to walk across Niagara Falls on a tightrope.|
|1908||A mysterious explosion, possibly the result of a meteorite, levels thousands of trees in the Tunguska region of Siberia with a force approaching twenty megatons.|
|1934||Launching “Operation Hummingbird” on direct orders from Adolf Hitler, Nazi SS and Gestapo officers begin methodically carrying out a series of executions in a political purge that will become known as “The Night of the Long Knives.” Among those murdered are Karl Ernst (left), who is shot by a firing squad, and Gregor Strasser (right), who is shot once in his main artery and left to bleed to death.
At least 85 people will die before the operation ends on July 2; most of those killed, including Ernst and Strasser, are members of the Sturmabteilung, a Nazi paramilitary organization that Hitler has come to mistrust. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
|1936||Margaret Mitchell’s novel, Gone With the Wind, is published.|
|1948||John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley demonstrate their invention, the transistor, for the first time.|
|1960||Alfred Hitchcock’s film, Psycho, opens.|
|1971||Three Soviet cosmonauts die when their spacecraft depressurizes during reentry.|
|Born on June 30|
|1685||John Gay, poet and playwright (The Beggar’s Opera).|
|1768||Elizabeth Kortright, later Elizabeth Monroe, first lady to U.S. President James Monroe.|
|1911||Czeslaw Milosz, Polish poet and critic.|
|1917||Lena Horne, American singer.|
|1919||Susan Hayward, actress.|
|1926||Paul Berg, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist.|
|1932||Mongo Beti, novelist and political writer.|