Today in History: April 13 | HistoryNet MENU

Today in History: April 13

What Happened This Day In History.

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.


April 13

1598   The Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots.
1775   Lord North extends the New England Restraining Act to South Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland. The act forbids trade with any country other than Britain and Ireland.
1861   After 34 hours of bombardment, Union-held Fort Sumter surrenders to the Confederates.
1864   Union forces under Gen. Sherman begin their devastating march through Georgia.
1902   J.C. Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
1919   British forces kill hundreds of Indian nationalists in the Amritsar Massacre.
1933   The first flight over Mount Everest is completed by Lord Clydesdale.
1941   German troops capture Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
1943   Nazi Germany announces that it has discovered the corpses of 4,443 Polish military officers massacred by Soviet forces in the Katyn forest near Smolensk, in western Russia. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1943   Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Jefferson Memorial.
1945   Vienna falls to Soviet troops.
1960   The first navigational satellite is launched into Earth’s orbit.
1961   The U.N. General Assembly condemns South Africa because of apartheid.
1964   Sidney Poitier becomes the first black individual to win an Oscar for best actor.
1970   An oxygen tank explodes on Apollo 13, preventing a planned moon landing and jeopardizing the lives of the three-man crew.
1976   The U.S. Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes.
1979   The world’s longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours.
Born on April 13
1721   John Hanson, first U.S. President under the Articles of Confederation.
1732   Frederick Lord North, British prime minister (1770-82).
1743   Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States (1801-09)
1852   Frank W. Woolworth, American retailer.
1866   Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American outlaw and leader of the Wild Bunch.
1899   Alfred Butts, inventor of the board game Scrabble.
1906   Samuel Beckett, playwright, Nobel Prize winner (Waiting for Godot).
1909   Eudora Welty, Southern writer (Delta Wedding, The Optimist’s Daughter).
1922   John Gerard Braine, British novelist (Room at the Top).
1939   Seamus Heaney, Irish poet, Nobel laureate.