States' Rights Civil War
Facts, information and articles about States Rights, one of the causes of the civil war
States’ Rights summary: States’ rights is a term used to describe the ongoing struggle over political power in the United States government between the federal government and individual states as broadly outlined in the Tenth Amendment. In modern times it has also come to symbolize the opposition of some states to federal mandated laws against racial segregation.
States’ Rights in the Colonies
The idea that the states had rights was already old by 1860. When the original 13 colonies from 1700s announced their independence from Europe they were already quite used to making decisions to get by in the New World. The founding fathers were even forced to alter the Constitution during the American Revolution to keep some of the states and have them part of the Union. For instance the Constitution abolished slavery and Virginia wouldn’t join so this was changed. In addition, Massachusetts needed a Bill of Rights before they would ratify. In the 1820s and 1830s the debate of who held which power (the states or the Federal Government) became vocalized again. This was during the issue of slavery and the argument over which territories that were being added could or could not have slaves.
The Missouri Compromise
In 1820 the Missouri Compromise set the problem aside temporarily, stating those lands that were west of the Mississippi were slave and those North were free, except for Missouri. This ended in dividing the nation further with abolitionists in the North advocating for free men and the South feeling they were being attacked therefore arguing slavery had positive effects. The division deepened with more arguments about National policy and economic disparities. The South was spiraling toward a lowered economy and recession while the North was starting to boom. These events lead to extreme differences in opinions and positions by the 1840s and 1850s.
The Growing Divide Between North And South
Because of the Missouri Compromise there was an equal amount of slave states and Free states but it also meant that each new state admitted needed to have a partner state to keep the balance. In the 1850s the South started to argue that they could leave the union since they had agreed to join in 1780. This lead to more compromises: Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, the Compromise of 1850 and more. These culminated with John Brown (a Northern Abolitionist) raided an arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia followed by the clearly anti-slavery Abraham Lincoln taking office in the election of 1860, followed soon after by the secession of the southern states and ultimately the Civil War.
Articles About States’ Rights Civil War From History Net Magazines
Was the legality of secession ever brought before the Supreme Court? If not, why?
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The only time the legality of secession was brought before the Supreme Court occurred in December 1868, when the …
Simmering animosities between North and South signaled an American apocalypse
Any man who takes it upon himself to explain the causes of the Civil War deserves whatever grief comes his way, regardless of his good intentions. Having acknowledged …
An Election Unlike Any Other
Over the course of the next 12 months a presidential election unlike any we've seen in American history is likely to unfold. Not since 1952 has the race for the White House been so wide …
By Harold Holzer
From the Editor
America's Civil War
For one brief moment, President Andrew Johnson was more popular with Radical Republicans than Abraham Lincoln.
Given the fact that he was soon to become the first American president to be impeached, it is …
Jefferson Davis, American, by William C. Cooper, Jr., Alfred A. Knopf, 672 pages, $35.
Among historians Jefferson Davis has an image problem. He is seen as aloof and prickly, a man who could sometimes be an intellectual tyrant, always trying …
The Approaching Fury: Voices of the Storm, 1820-1861, by Stephen B. Oates, HarperCollins, New York, 1997, $28.
The vast pantheon of Civil War literature is graced with titles focusing on the underlying causes of America's bloodiest conflict. Politics and economics, …
Drawn with the Sword: Reflections on the Civil War, by James M. McPherson, Oxford University Press, New York,1996, $25.
There are some books that you feel you ought to read, and there are other books that you can enjoy reading. …
1948 THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
The press and the polls agreed: Harry Truman was certain to lose. But instead of giving up, the president decided to "give 'em hell."
by Michael D. Haydock
FEW PEOPLE BELIEVED that President Harry S. …
The Myth of the 5 Dead Rebel Generals
They were killed at Franklin, all right,
but it's not true that all five were laid out on the same porch.
By Col. Campbell H. Brown
General John B. Hood on November …