Nearly one-third of the total forces engaged at Gettysburg became casualties. George Gordon Meade’s Army of the Potomac lost 28 percent of the men involved; Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia suffered over 37 percent. Of these casualties, 7,058 were fatalities (3,155 Union, 3,903 Confederate). Another 33,264 had been wounded (14,529 Union, 18,735 Confederate) and 10,790 were missing (5,365 Union, 5,425 Confederate). At field hospitals around Gettysburg, amputated limbs lay in heaps and were buried together. Bodies were collected at various points on the field and interred near where they fell; Elizabeth Thorn, wife of the manager of the town’s largest cemetery, reportedly dug over 100 graves herself, despite being pregnant. Among the corpses found near the west side of the stonewall on Cemetery Ridge was a woman who had disguised her gender to fight for the Confederacy. Reportedly, another disguised Southern woman lost a leg during the charge up Cemetery Ridge. Homes, churches, any suitable building was pressed into service as a hospital. Donations of food and clothing were solicited. Lydia Smith, a black woman, used what little money she had to hire a wagon and team, which she used to gather donated goods throughout the area—goods she delivered to both Union and Confederate wounded. Apart from the human carnage, some 5,000 horses and mules died in the battle. They, too, had to be collected and burned in great pyres, leaving a stench that hung over the area for weeks. Even in a nation that had already seen too many reports of great battles and long casualty lists, Gettysburg set a new standard of suffering and death. The accompanying chart shows how it compares with other costly battles of the war. US engaged US casualties % CS engaged CS casualties % Total casualties Total engaged % of total Gettysburg 82,289 23,049 28.01% 75,000 28,063 37.42% 51,112 157,289 32.50% Chickamauga 58,222 16,170 27.77% 66,326 18,454 27.82% 34,624 124,548 27.80% Chancellorsville 133,868 17,278 12.91% 60,892 12,821 21.06% 30,099 194,760 15.45% Spotsylvania 83,000 18,399 22.17% 50,000 9,000 18.00% 27,399 133,000 20.60% Antietam 75,316 12,410 16.48% 51,844 13,724 26.47% 26,134 127,160 20.55% Read more on the subject: For information on the battle of Gettysburg, visit our Battle of Gettysburg theme page.