Welcome to Ask Mr. History, brought to you by the World History Group. Here we want to share the best reader questions we’ve gotten, along with the response by our very own research guru Mr. Jon Guttman. We can’t answer all questions we receive, but if you have a question for our Ask Mr. History expert please send him an email! Check back each week as we update the questions and answers. Any images sent to Ask Mr. History must be free of copyright restrictions. What Route Did Italian Troops Take to Russia in WW2? How was FDR Able to Get the Lend-Lease Act Passed? Do Three Civil War Books Mentioned on ‘Columbo’ Really Exist? Was the Death Toll on the Underground Railroad Higher Than in Civil War Armies? Any Connection Between the Abolitionists and Anti-Colonial Movements? What was Robert E. Lee’s Initial Strategy? What was the purpose of a black sphere on a dogtag chain? Is the ‘Gold Dollar – Margarita’ Murder Story True? Question on Pharaoh’s Cigar Coin Was a 13th Amendment with 20 Sections Ratified? How Effective Were War Chariots? What Weapons and Equipment Were Used at the Battle of Palmito Ranch? How Were Soldiers Drafted in WW2? Did WW2 Armored Division Personnel Wear Overseas Caps on the Left or Right? Were the Irish Slaves? Did Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid Die in Mexico? Did Pony Express Riders Carry Guns? Seeking Information on a Jewish British General When did the Muslims Intervene to Prevent Christians from Killing Christians? What Color is the Ribbon for a Victoria Cross? What Does This Otto von Bismarck Quote Mean? How Can I Prove I’m Related to Abraham Lincoln? A Question on a 19th-Century Pendant Was the 88th Division at Anzio? Seeking Info on King’s Own Rilfes, Royal Welsh Army, in Napoleonic Wars What If the Allies had Bypassed the Philippines? When was the First Presidential Library Created? Did Rommel Really Write ‘The Tank in Battle’? What Percentage of the Population Served in WW2? Where is Gen. Phineas Lyman Buried? Best Source on the Eisenhower-Montgomery Relationship? Lt. Col. David Marcus – The Only Soldier Buried at West Point Who Died Fighting for Another Nation? Two Questions on the Early American Colonies Why Do Historians Have Trouble Understanding What Queen Elizabeth I Looked Like? Seeking Help Identifying a Coin How Many US Subs Were Lost in the Atlantic During WWII? Were WW1 Veterans Compensated for Exposure to Poison Gas? Why Wasn’t King Edward I Called Edward III? Who Killed Johnny Ringo? What was Done with Soldiers Who Died of Disease in Spanish-American War? Suggested Resources for a Battalion of the 196th Infantry During Vietnam War Were the Buffalo Soldiers Affiliated with the Prince Hall Masons? Why Do Christian Scientists Depict the Crucificion Differently? Why Did New England and the Chesapeake Region Develop Different Societies? What Battle Did Alexander the Great Win at Age 16? Did Hitler Plan to Eventually Conquer His Allies? When Did the U.S. Stop Forming Fighting Units Based on Geography? Did the Germans Try to Make Peace in 1916? When Did People Start Celebrating Birthdays? Why is Douglas Haig Viewed Differently in Different Decades? Why Didn’t Cromwell Unify Ireland? How Did Gen. George S. Patton Die? Is the Book ‘Unbroken’ Historically Accurate? How Good Were Hessian Mercenary Troops? Did American Loyalists Aid the British in the War of 1812 Why weren’t bomb used on Japanese Bunkers at Sugar Loaf Hill? What was the Ethnicity of the Younger Brothers? Do Lincoln’s Hands Reflect Sign Language? What was Robert E. Lee’s Real Plan on the Third Day of Gettysburg? Why Would a Soldier Killed During the Somme Battle be Listed as Dying at Pessans How Can I Trace Native American Ancestry? Were Carbolic Acid and Hyrdogen Peroxide Antiseptics in the Old West? How Famous Was Madonna? Did the Anglo-Saxons Number Their Kings? What Percentage of Soldiers in Medieval Combat Actually Engaged the Enemy? How did Japanese Soldiers Treat Civilians in Papua New Guinea in WWII? Was Germany’s Role in WWII a Complete Failure? What Did Santa Anna’s ‘No Quarter’ Flag Look Like? What Advantages did the South Exploit to Dominate the Union for 20 Years? Did Hitler Sign A Document Authorizing the Killing of the Jews? Information on German POWs in the USA Why Did Dresden’s Residents Gather in the Square the Night of the Bombing? Did the Dalton Brothers Ever Rob Banks in South Carolina? Could Dick Bong Have Shot Down Over 70 Aircraft? What Conditions on the ‘Amistad’ Allowed Slaves to Revolt? How Could Nazi Germany Amass So Many Divisions? What Happened in Normandy During the First World War? How Do You Compare the Leadership of Lincoln and Davis in the Civil War? Did Luftwaffe Pilots in the Spanish Civil War Encounter Problems with the Jet Stream? Why Didn’t Julius Caesar Cross the Rubicon with His Entire Army? Why Were Infantry and Marines Both Used in the Pacific Theater? How Would an Abrams Tank Fare Vs. a WWII 88? What was the Prescribed Distance Between Civil War Artillery Pieces? Is This a Union Army Uniform? Did Germany’s Allies Send Troops to the Western Front in WW1? Did Jefferson Davis Order the Assassination of Lincoln? Did Generals Really Lead from the Front? Is the Horse Native to North America? What was Plan B if the Atomic Bombs Hadn’t Worked? Why Would Terrorists Murder the Austro-Hungarian Heir Apparent to Strike at the Ottoman Empire Why Do People Embellish History? What was the Name of Union General Robert Allen’s Wife? Were the USS Pueblo Incident and the Tet Offensive Coordinated? Three World War 1 Questions Did this Walking Stick Belong to Gen. Joe Wheeler? When Did Lincoln First Express Presidential Ambitions? Were Outlaws Spike & Sam Kennedy related to JFK? What Role Did Chinese Armor Play in the Korean War? What Western Publications Have Published the Photo of a Red Army Soldier Atop the Reichstag? Why Did the Union Army Want to Capture Port Royal Sound? What Happened to the Last Prisoners When Devil’s Island Closed? Were Japanese Kamikaze Pilots Given Drugs? Why Did No One But Patton Foresee a German Offensive in Dec. 1944? Why was German Intell Ineffective on the Russian Front? What was the First “World War”? Did 87 Union Soldiers Drown Searching for John Wilkes Booth? What is Considered to be the World’s First Science Fiction Novel? What is the ‘1700 U.S.A. Flag”? Why didn’t Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation Free Slaves in Accomack Co., Va? Did a UFO Really Land at Roswell, New Mexico? Are B-17s and Catalinas Sunken in a Lake in Australia? How Did Barbarians Use Gold Received from Rome? Seeking Information on Palace in Mannheim, Germany Did the ‘Betty’ Carry Its Torpedo Internally or Externally? What Civil War Generals were at Harpers Ferry During John Brown’s Raid How Were Gatling Guns Used in the Old West? Who Poured Molten Gold on Living People to Preserve Them? Did Patton’s 5th Armored Division Fight at Bastogne? Seeking Information on Ambulance Units at Ft. McNair Is this a Civil War uniform? Why Did Adolf Hitler Kill Jewish People? Did the Supreme Court Ever Rule on the Legality of Secession? Why Are There More Large Animals in Africa than Anywhere Else? What is the History of ‘Vox Populi Vox Dei’? Assistance in Identifying a Photo Did Americans work with the Filipino resistance in WWII? Did FDR ‘Plan’ the Attack on Pearl Harbor? What Did O.K. Stand for in O. K. Corral? How Many Abolitionists Were There? Looking for information on Marcus Goldbaum of the Old West Could any WWII tank survive a hit by a 155mm shell? Why Didn’t the US Navy Bombard Ichi Jima to Reduce Aviator Casualties? What Happened to “Turned” German Agents in England After WWII? Were There Underground RR Stations in Frederick, Md? What Would Have Happened to George Washington if Britain Won the AWI? What Role Did North Korea’s Army Play in the Korean War After Chinese Intervention? How Did the P-61’s Roll Rate Compare with that of Other Planes? Why Didn’t Robert E. Lee Attack Washington After Chancellorsville? Which Union Officer Switched Sides After the Emancipation Proclamation was Issued? What was the North’s First Strategic Move in the Civil War? Where Did the US Get the Money for the Budget Before the Income Tax? What is the Correct Pronunciation for Sacagawea? What did Mao and his communist army contribute to defeating Japan? Why did the USSR invade Manchuria and Karafuto? Was Pres. Lyndon Johnson aware of Soviet plans to invade Czechoslovakia? What is the Theory of Imerialism and Who Created it? Why did Sweden support the Viet Cong? How can I trace a Civil War ancestor? Was playwright George H. Booth related to John Wilkes Booth? Did Annie Oakley Have Pierced Ears? Were the KGB Involved in Beirut’s Civil War? Did Wyatt Earp carry a Buntline Special? Why Did Lincoln Feel the Emancipation Proclamation was necessary? How Did the Mark IV Special Tank Stack Up Against the T34-76 and -85? Any Sources Recommended for the 1965 Dominican Republic Invasion? Was it common for men to share a hotel room in the Old West ? Does the 2nd Amendment Cover All Types of Weapons? Did anyone discover gold in California before John Marshall did? Is Robert E. Lee the Second-Most-Written-About American? How did abolitionism become the dominant American reform movement? How many planes did Billy Bishop shoot down? Who took care of the dead after Civil War battles? Were converted muskets used at Antietam? Why was a Pennsylvania brigade held in Washington during Gettysburg? Seeking information on Columbia in the Korean War Why didn’t Germany have any aircraft carriers? Why did Goering say ‘You can call me Meyer’? Where was Ft. Keyes located in Virginia in 1862-63? Why did planes use different cooling systems in the ETO and PTO? Was Halsey’s Typhoon the inspiration for ‘The Caine Mutiny’? How did the Dalton Gang and Jesse James shape the image of the wild west? What were some titles for Medieval jobs at court? Who first called King Alfred ‘Alfred the Great’? Has the U.S. Federal Government always been expanding? Were there plans for a Marine division in World War I? Could aid from Britain have altered the outcome of the Civil War? Who was the Andersonville Prison camp named for? Which assassination had the most impact on western history? What year was the passport first used and why was it required? Was it common to use captured tanks? Why did the South invade the North? Book recommendations for researching recent Slav history? How could Lee think Pickett’s charge would succeed? Did George Washington commit adultery? Who decided the southern states would secede? Was Andrew Jackson a hero or a villain? What route did Germans use to escape the Falaise Pocket? What was the Confederate’s best weapon? When were men sent to clean up the field after the first atom bomb test? Where did Civil War soldiers go to the bathroom? Why are bagpipes played at funerals? What effects did the Treaty of Versailles have on the 20th century? A good book for understanding Middle East conflict? Why do some people still fly the Confederate flag? Where can I find a time line of the events in Goodwin’s “A Team of Rivals?” What German shot down the greatest variety of aircraft? Why did Lincoln finally free the slaves? Did Maryland prisons hire out convict labor? What happened to Union troops after Shiloh? UK influence on Franco?